IUCN threat status:

Near Threatened (NT)

Distribution

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Range Description

Psittacula alexandri occurs in South and South-East Asia, from northern and eastern India (including the Andaman Islands), Nepal, Bhutan and Bangladesh, ranging through Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam and southern China (Guangxi, Guangdong and Hainan), with populations in Indonesia, on Java, Bali Karimunjawa, Kangean, Simeulue, Nias and Banyak, and in Kalimantan (where probably introduced from Java) (Juniper and Parr 1998). The species has increased since the 1990s in Singapore, where it is introduced (D. L. Yong in litt. 2011). It has been described as the commonest Psittacid in some parts of its range, although substantial declines were noted in Thailand and Laos prior to the turn of the century and local extinctions have occurred (e.g. on Java and Bali) owing to capture for the live bird trade (Juniper and Parr 1998). The species is described as being on the verge of extirpation in Hainan province, China, after being recently rediscovered there (J. Fellowes in litt. 2010). In Nepal, the species is described as localised and uncommon, having undergone significant declines in its population and range since the 1980s, with few records outside protected areas since 1990 (C. Inskipp and H. S. Baral in litt. 2013). It is thought to have been previously widespread in northern Laos, but it is said to have disappeared almost entirely from this region (J. W. Duckworth in litt. 2011). In contrast, it remains common in northern Cambodia (H. Rainey in litt. 2011), and it is said to be easily seen in the foothills and adjoining plains of the Himalayas from Uttarakhand to Arunachal Pradesh, India (P. M. Laad in litt. 2011). The species is said to be fairly common in north-eastern and south-eastern Bangladesh (P. Thompson in litt. 2012). In Vietnam, it remains by far the commonest parakeet species, although it is suspected that a decline has taken place there (S. Mahood in litt. 2011, C. Robson in litt. 2013), and it is thought to remain abundant in Myanmar (C. Robson in litt. 2013).

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Source: IUCN

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