The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • 1996. database, NODC Taxonomic Code
  • 1998. website, Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource
  • BBL - Longevity Records of North American Birds (Online source)   http://www.pwrc.usgs.gov/BBL/homepage/longvrec.htm External link.
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2003. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2003. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. Resource Publication, no. 166
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. Resource Publication, no. 166. 79
  • BirdLife International 2012. Corvus caurinus
  • Canadian Cooperative Wildlife Health Center. 2001. "Bird Identification Page" (On-line). West Nile Maps. Accessed April 02, 2004 at http://wildlife.usask.ca/WestNileAlertHTML/WestNileAlertBirdPage.htm.
  • Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2014. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.9. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  • Cotype: Baird. 1858. Rep. Expl. And Surv. R.R. Pac. 9: xliii, 559 (in key), 569.
  • Gill, Frank, and Minturn Wright. 2006. Birds of the World: Recommended English Names
  • Gill, Frank, and Minturn Wright. 2006. Birds of the World: Recommended English Names. ix + 259
  • James, P., N. Verbeek. 1983. The food storage behavior of the northwestern crow Corvus caurinus. Behaviour, 85 (3-4): 276-291.
  • Madge, S., & Burn H. (1994). Crows and Jays: A guide to the Crows, Jays and Magpies of the World. New York: Houghton-Mifflin.
  • Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 16, 2011 at http://animaldiversity.org. http://www.animaldiversity.org
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Sept 12). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Robinette, R., C. James. 1997. The significance of fishing by Northwestern Crows. The Wilson Bulletin, 109(4): 748-749.
  • Robinette, R., C. James. 2001. Social and ecological factors influencing vigilance by northwestern crows, Corvus caurinus. Animal Behaviour, 62 (3): 447-452.
  • Verbeek, N., R. Butler. 1999. Northwestern Crow (Corvus caurinus). The Birds of North America, 407: 1-23.

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