IUCN threat status:

Not evaluated

Distribution

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Distribution

 This species has been recorded on rocky walls and on mollusc shells from 10 to 180 m depth (Bowerbank 1866, Arndt 1934, Pulitzer-Finali 1983, van Soest and Stone 1986). It is widely distributed in the Mediterranean Sea (Northern Adriatic Sea, Alboran Sea and Ionian Sea (Pansini and Longo 2003, 2008) and along the Atlantic coast of Europe: Arctic, Sweden, Ireland, United Kingdom, France (van Soest et al. 2013).  This specimen, like that described by van Soest and Stone (1986), differs from the type material in the toxa dimensions. Actually Bowerbank measured small toxas 50 µm long and large toxas 130 µm long dividing them in two size categories. Van Soest and Stone (1986) confirm the large variability of spicule size. The species is a new finding for the coralligenous community and the Ligurian Sea.

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© Marco Bertolino, Carlo Cerrano, Giorgio Bavestrello, Mirco Carella, Maurizio Pansini, Barbara Calcinai

Source: ZooKeys

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