Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Inhabits small shady streams (Ref. 26543). Feeds on mosquito larvae (Ref. 26543).
  • Malabarba, L.R. 2003 Subfamily Cheirodontinae (Characins, tetras). p. 215-221. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil. (Ref. 37055)
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Distribution

South America: Maracaibo Lake basin in Venezuela.
  • Malabarba, L.R. 2003 Subfamily Cheirodontinae (Characins, tetras). p. 215-221. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil. (Ref. 37055)
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Lake Maracaibo basin, Venezuela.
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Physical Description

Size

Maximum size: 40 mm SL
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Type Information

Holotype for Saccoderma melanostigma Schultz
Catalog Number: USNM 121519
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Preparation: Illustration
Collector(s): L. Schults, G. Zulvage & W. Phelps
Year Collected: 1942
Locality: Venezuela: Rio San Juan Near Bridge, Trib. Rio Motatan, South of Mene Grande, Venezuela, South America
  • Holotype: Schultz, L. P. 1882. Proceedings of the United States National Museum. 5 (297): 315, 40-41.
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Paratype for Saccoderma melanostigma Schultz
Catalog Number: USNM 121530
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): L. Schultz
Year Collected: 1942
Locality: Venezuela: Rio Palmar Near Totuma, About 100 Kilometers Southwest of Maracaibo., Zulia, Venezuela, South America
  • Paratype: Schultz, L. P. 1882. Proceedings of the United States National Museum. 5 (297): 315, 40-41.
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Paratype for Saccoderma melanostigma Schultz
Catalog Number: USNM 121529
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): L. Schultz
Year Collected: 1942
Locality: Venez: Rio Palmar At Bridge 70 km. S.W. of Maracaibo, Zulia, Venezuela, South America
  • Paratype: Schultz, L. P. 1882. Proceedings of the United States National Museum. 5 (297): 315, 40-41.
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Paratype for Saccoderma melanostigma Schultz
Catalog Number: USNM 121528
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): L. Schultz
Year Collected: 1942
Locality: Venez: Rio Negro Below Mouth of Rio Yasa, Maracaibo Basin, Venezuela, South America
  • Paratype: Schultz, L. P. 1882. Proceedings of the United States National Museum. 5 (297): 315, 40-41.
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Paratype for Saccoderma melanostigma Schultz
Catalog Number: USNM 121527
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): L. Schultz
Year Collected: 1943
Locality: Venez: Rio Apon About 35 km. South of Rosario, Maracaibo Basin, Venezuela, South America
  • Paratype: Schultz, L. P. 1882. Proceedings of the United States National Museum. 5 (297): 315, 40-41.
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Paratype for Saccoderma melanostigma Schultz
Catalog Number: USNM 121526
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): L. Schultz
Year Collected: 1942
Locality: Venez: Rio Machango At Bridge South of Lagunillas, Venezuela, South America
  • Paratype: Schultz, L. P. 1882. Proceedings of the United States National Museum. 5 (297): 315, 40-41.
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Paratype for Saccoderma melanostigma Schultz
Catalog Number: USNM 121525
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): L. Schultz
Year Collected: 1942
Locality: Venez: Rio San Juan Near Bridge, Trib Rio Motatan, South of Mene Grande., Venezuela, South America
  • Paratype: Schultz, L. P. 1882. Proceedings of the United States National Museum. 5 (297): 315, 40-41.
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Paratype for Saccoderma melanostigma Schultz
Catalog Number: USNM 121524
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): L. Schultz
Year Collected: 1942
Locality: Venez: Cano 1/2 Mile West of Sanamaica, Venezuela, South America
  • Paratype: Schultz, L. P. 1882. Proceedings of the United States National Museum. 5 (297): 315, 40-41.
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Paratype for Saccoderma melanostigma Schultz
Catalog Number: USNM 121523
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): L. Schultz
Year Collected: 1942
Locality: Venez: Lago Tule, About 75 km. West of Maracaibo, Zulia, Venezuela, South America
  • Paratype: Schultz, L. P. 1882. Proceedings of the United States National Museum. 5 (297): 315, 40-41.
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Paratype for Saccoderma melanostigma Schultz
Catalog Number: USNM 121522
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): L. Schultz
Year Collected: 1942
Locality: Venez: Cienago Del Guanavana About 10 Kms. N. of Sinamaica, Venezuela, South America
  • Paratype: Schultz, L. P. 1882. Proceedings of the United States National Museum. 5 (297): 315, 40-41.
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Paratype for Saccoderma melanostigma Schultz
Catalog Number: USNM 121521
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): L. Schultz
Year Collected: 1942
Locality: Venez: Rio Socuy 3 km. Above Mouth; Maracaibo Basin, Zulia, Venezuela, South America
  • Paratype: Schultz, L. P. 1882. Proceedings of the United States National Museum. 5 (297): 315, 40-41.
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Paratype for Saccoderma melanostigma Schultz
Catalog Number: USNM 121520
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): L. Schultz
Year Collected: 1942
Locality: Venez: Rio San Pedro At Bridge, Rio Motatan System, Venezuela, South America
  • Paratype: Schultz, L. P. 1882. Proceedings of the United States National Museum. 5 (297): 315, 40-41.
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

benthopelagic; freshwater; pH range: 6.0 - 7.0; dH range: 2 - 8
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Trophic Strategy

Inhabits small shady streams. Feeds on mosquito larvae.
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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