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BiologyFound in shallow fringes in heavily vegetated areas but prefers deep, quiet water, slow-flowing channels and floodplain lagoons (Ref. 7248). Feeds on Nymphaea seeds, water insects, mollusks and fish material (scales of large cichlids) (Ref. 6465). A female mouthbrooder, breeds in summer, probably spawning twice in the season. Males mature at 15 cm, females at 12.5-15.0 cm. Used as a snail control agent (Ref. 7248).