Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Feeds on small bony fishes (Ref. 43278). Oviparous (Ref. 50449).
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Distribution

Range Description

Northeast Indian Ocean: Myanmar (Compagno 2001).
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Eastern Indian Ocean: off Rangoon, Burma [=Myanmar].
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Myanmar.
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Physical Description

Size

Maximum size: 575 mm TL
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Max. size

57.5 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 13292))
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Type Information

Holotype for Chiloscyllium burmensis Dingerkus & Defino
Catalog Number: USNM 202672
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Year Collected: 1963
Locality: Myanmar, Andaman Sea, Indian
Depth (m): 29 to 33
Vessel: Anton Bruun
  • Holotype: Dingerkus, G. & Defino, T. C. 1983. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History. 176 (art. 1): 9, figs. 3, 7, 59-60.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
Habitat and biology are virtually unknown. Eats small bony fish. The one known specimen is an adult male measuring 57 cm TL (Compagno 2001).

Systems
  • Marine
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Environment

demersal; marine; depth range 29 - 33 m (Ref. 13292)
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Depth range based on 1 specimen in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 1 sample.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 31 - 31
  Temperature range (°C): 27.608 - 27.608
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.429 - 0.429
  Salinity (PPS): 32.901 - 32.901
  Oxygen (ml/l): 3.735 - 3.735
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.285 - 0.285
  Silicate (umol/l): 8.653 - 8.653
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Depth: 29 - 33m.
From 29 to 33 meters.

Habitat: pelagic.
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Life History and Behavior

Life Cycle

Oviparous, paired eggs are laid. Embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
DD
Data Deficient

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2009

Assessor/s
White, W.T.

Reviewer/s
Stevens, J.D., Valenti, S.V. & Fowler, S.L. (Shark Red List Authority)

Contributor/s

Justification
Only one specimen of Burmese Bambooshark (Chiloscyllium burmensis) is known (an adult male 57 cm total length). This genus of sharks needs to be revised in the region. Many of the characters used to distinguish the species vary remarkably intraspecifically. Thus, more individuals of this species are required to confirm its validity. As such it cannot be assessed beyond Data Deficient at present.
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Population

Population
Only one known specimen, collected off Rangoon/Yangon (Compagno 2001).

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
Unknown, but presumably utilized in local fisheries (Compagno 2001). Myanmar has a demersal trawl fleet for shrimp and finfish (Flewwelling and Hosch 2006). This species would be vulnerable to this fishery and perhaps others in the area but no data are available. Little information is available on fisheries operating off Myanmar (Flewwelling and Hosch 2006).
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Data deficient (DD)
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
None in place.
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Wikipedia

Burmese bamboo shark

The Burmese bamboo shark, Chiloscyllium burmensis, is an extremely rare bamboo shark in the family Hemiscylliidae. Only one single specimen is known to science. It was caught 1963 off the coast from Rangoon in Burma in a depth of 29 – 33 m. This holotype is an adult male, 57 cm long and kept in the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington DC.[1]

Features: No color pattern. Dorsal fin has straight rear margins.[2]

Food: Small bony fish or invertebrates.[3]

Reproduction is presumed to be oviparous (egg laying).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Howe JC and Springer "VG Catalog of Type Specimens of Recent Fishes in the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, 5: Sharks (Chondrichthyes: Selachii)" SMITHSONIAN CONTRIBUTIONS TO ZOOLOGY Number 540, 1993
  2. ^ Compagno, Leonard. "Sharks of the world." Shark Research Center Iziko-Museums of Cape Town. NO. 1. Vol 2. Cape Town South Africa: FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS, 2002. Pg 169.
  3. ^ Compagno, Leonard. "Sharks of the world." Shark Research Center Iziko-Museums of Cape Town. NO. 1. Vol 2. Cape Town South Africa: FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS, 2002. Pg 169.
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