Habitat and Ecology
Hippocampus alatus is a benthic species often found on soft bottom habitats (Kuiter 2001). In Papua New Guinea, specimens were found on deep, open sand slopes with few sponges and gorgonian corals in an area that is influenced by strong tidal currents (Kuiter 2001) between reefs and islands (Thompson and Bray 2009). H. alatus is found on remote reefs, on outcrops, slopes with rubble or corals that provide shelter and for a hold, and usually in the deeper current prone channels between reefs or islands (Kuiter 2009).
Like all seahorses the females transfer eggs to the males brood pouch (Breder and Rosen 1966). All seahorse species have vital parental care, and many species studied to date have high site fidelity (e.g. Perante et al. 2002), highly structured social behaviour (e.g. Vincent and Sadler 1995), and relatively sparse distributions (Lourie et al. 1999).
Depth range (m): 17 - 17
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Life History and Behavior
IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category
Red List Criteria
Australian Government Legislation: Marine Listed under the Federal Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999, which ensures a government permit to export this species (Department of the Environment and Heritage 2000).
The winged seahorse, Hippocampus alatus, is known to occur in Australia and Papua New Guinea but also suspected to occur in Indonesia and the Philippines but this has no yet been confirmed. In 2012, H. alatus was listed as Data Deficient on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
- C. A. Czembor (2012). "Hippocampus alatus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved July 30, 2013.
- Rudie H. Kuiter (2001). "Revision of the Australian seahorses of the genus Hippocampus (Syngnathiformes: Syngnathidae) with descriptions of nine new species". Records of the Australian Museum 53 (3): 293–340. doi:10.3853/j.0067-1975.53.2001.1350.
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