The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Govaerts R. (ed). For a full list of reviewers see: (2013). WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (version Oct 2011). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Hickman, J. C. 1993. The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California 1–1400. University of California Press, Berkeley.
  • Manos, Cannon & S.H.Oh. 2008. In: Madroño 55: 188
  • Munz, P. A. 1974. Fl. S. Calif. 1–1086. University of California Press, Berkeley.
  • The Botany of Captain Beechey's Voyage 391. 1841[1840]. (Feb-Mar 1840) (Bot. Beechey Voy.)
  • The Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture 6: 3569. 1917. (Stand. Cycl. Hort.)
    1. American Forestry Association. 1982. National register of  big trees. American Forests 88 (4):18-31.
    3. Barrett, Reginald H. 1980. Mammals of California oak  habitats-management implications. In Proceedings, Symposium  on the Ecology, Management, and Utilization of California  Oaks, June 26-28, 1979, Claremont, CA. p. 275-291. USDA  Forest Service, General Technical Report PSW-44. Pacific  Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station,  Berkeley, CA.
    5. Collingwood, G. H., and Warren D. Brush. 1978. Knowing your  trees. Revised and edited by Devereux Butcher. American  Forestry Association, Washington, DC. 391 p.
    7. Eyre, F. H., ed. 1980. Forest cover types of the United  States and Canada. Society of American Foresters,  Washington, DC. 148 p.
    9. Furniss, R. L., and V. M. Carolin. 1977. Western forest  insects. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Miscellaneous  Publication 1339, Washington, DC. 654 p.
    11. Graves, H. S. 1911. California tanbark oak. USDA Forest  Service Bulletin 75, Washington, DC. 34 p.
    13. Griffin, James R., and William B. Critchfield. 1972.  (Reprinted with Supplement, 1976.) The distribution of  forest trees in California. USDA Forest Service, Research  Paper PSW-82. Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment  Station, Berkeley, CA. 118 p.
    15. Harlow, William M., and Ellwood S. Harrar. 1979. Textbook  of dendrology covering the important forest trees of the  United States and Canada. 6th ed. McGraw-Hill, New York. 510  p.
    17. Harrington, T. B., J. C. Tappeiner, and J. D. Walstad.  1984. Predicting leaf area and biomass of l- to 6-year-old  tanoak and Pacific madrone sprout clumps in southwestern  Oregon. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 14:209-213. 
    19. Hepting, George H. 1971. Diseases of forest and shade trees  of the United States. U.S. Department of Agriculture,  Agriculture Handbook 386. Washington, DC. 658 p.
    21. Little, Elbert L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States  trees (native and naturalized). U.S. Department of  Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 541. Washington, DC. 375  p.
    23. Mallory, James 1. 1982. Personal communication. California  Department of Forestry, Soil-Vegetation Survey. (Soils in  Humboldt County were mapped as Larabee and Melbourne series  by the California Soil-Vegetation Survey.)
    25. McDonald, Philip Michael. 1978. Silviculture-ecology of  three native California hardwoods on high sites in north  central California. Thesis (Ph.D.), Oregon State University,  Corvallis. 309 p.
    27. McDonald, Philip M. 1980. Growth of thinned and unthinned  hardwood stands in northern Sierra Nevada ... preliminary  findings. In Proceedings, Symposium on the Ecology,  Management, and Utilization of California Oaks, June 26-28,  1979, Claremont, CA. p. 119-127. USDA Forest Service,  General Technical Report PSW-44. Pacific Southwest Forest  and Range Experiment Station, Berkeley, CA.
    29. McDonald, P. M. 1983. Local volume tables for Pacific  madrone, tanoak, and California black oak in north central  California. USDA Forest Service, Research Note PSW-362.  Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station,  Berkeley, CA. 6 p.
    31. McDonald, P. M., and J. C. Tappeiner. 1987. Silviculture,  ecology and management of tanoak in northern California.  USDA Forest Service, General Technical Report PSW-100.  Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station,  Berkeley, CA. p. 62-70.
    33. McDonald, Philip M., Gary 0. Fiddler, and William H. Smith.  1989. Mulches and manual release fail to enhance Douglas fir  seedling survival and growth. In Proceedings of the  Tenth Annual Forest Vegetation Management Conference,  November 1-3, 1988. Eureka, CA, (In Press).
    35. McDonald, P. M., D. R. Volger, and D. Mayhew. 1988. Unusual  decline of tanoak sprouts. USDA Forest Service, Research  Note PSW-398. Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment  Station, Berkeley, CA. 4 p.
    37. McMinn, Howard E. 1964. An illustrated manual of California  shrubs, University of California Press, Berkeley and Los  Angeles, CA. 663 p.
    39. McMinn, Howard E., and Evelyn Maino. 1946. An illustrated  manual of Pacific Coast trees. 2d ed. University of  California Press, Berkeley and Los Angeles, CA. 409 p.  (Reprinted 1956.)
    41. Minore, D. 1986. Effects of madrone, chinkapin, and tanoak  sprouts on light intensity, soil moisture, and soil  temperature. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 16:654-658. 
    43. Preston, Richard Joseph, Jr. 1961. North American trees  (exclusive of Mexico and tropical United States). 2d rev.  ed. Iowa State College Press, Ames. 395 p.
    45. Radosevich, S. R., P. C. Passof, and 0. A. Leonard. 1976.  Douglas-fir release from tanoak competition. Weed Science  24:144-145.
    47. Roy, Douglass F. 1965. Tanoak (Lithocarpus densiflorus  [Hook. & Arn.] Rehd.).In Silvics of forest  trees in the United States. p. 267-272. H. A. Fowells, comp.  U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 271.  Washington, DC.
    49. Roy, Douglass F. 1974. Lithocarpus densiflorus ([Hook.  & Arn.] Rehd.) Tanoak. In Seeds of woody plants  in the United States. p. 512-514. C. S. Schopmeyer, tech.  coord. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook  450. Washington, DC.
    51. Sargent, Charles Sprague. 1962. Manual of the trees of North  America (exclusive of Mexico). 2d co". ed. Peter Smith  Publ., Gloucester, MA.
        934 p.
    53. Sawyer, John 0., and Dale A. Thornburgh. 1977. Montane and  subalpine vegetation of the Klamath Mountains. In Terrestrial  vegetation of California. p. 699-732. Michael G. Barbour and  Jack Major, eds, John Wiley and Sons, New York.
    55. Sawyer, John 0., Dale A. Thornburgh, and James R. Griffin.  1977. Mixed evergreen forest. In Terrestrial  vegetation of California. p. 359-381. Michael G. Barbour and  Jack Major, eds. John Wiley and Sons, New York.
    57. Tappeiner, J. C., and P. M. McDonald. 1984. Development of  tanoak understories in conifer stands. Canadian Journal of  Forest Research 14:271-277.
    59. Tappeiner, J. C., T. B. Harrington, and J. D. Walstad. 1984.  Predicting recovery of tanoak and Pacific madrone after  cutting and burning. Weed Science 32:413-417.
    61. Tappeiner, J. C., P. M. McDonald, and T. F. Hughes. 1986.  Survival of tanoak and Pacific madrone seedlings in the  forests of southwestern Oregon. New Forests 1:43-55.
    63. Tappeiner, J. C., R. J. Pabst, and M. Cloughesy. 1987. Stem  treatments to control tanoak sprouting. Western Journal of  Applied Forestry 2:41-45.
    65. Tucker, John M., William E. Sundahl, and Dale 0. Hall. 1969.  A mutant of Lithocarpus densiflorus. Madroño  20(4):221-225.


EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!