The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • 1.  Beck, Donald E. 1990. Liriodendron tulipifera L.  yellow poplar. In:        Burns, Russell M.; Honkala, Barbara H., technical coordinators. Silvics        of North America. Volume 2. Hardwoods. Agric. Handb. 654. Washington,        DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service: 406-416.  [14001]
  • 10.  Farmer, R. E., Jr. 1981. Early growth of black cherry, oaks, and        yellow-poplar in southern Appalachian plantings. Tree Planters' Notes.        32(3): 12-14.  [12504]
  • 11.  Farmer, Robert E., Jr.; Pitcher, John A. 1981. Pollen handling for        southern hardwoods. In: Agric. Handb. 587. Washington, DC: U.S.        Department of Agriculture, Forest Service: 77-83.  [12654]
  • 13.  Hosie, R. C. 1969. Native trees of Canada. 7th ed. Ottawa, ON: Canadian        Forestry Service, Department of Fisheries and Forestry. 380 p.  [3375]
  • 14.  Hughes, H. Glenn. 1990. Ecological restoration: fact or fantasy on        strip-mined lands in western Pennsylvania?. In: Hughes, H. Glenn;        Bonnicksen, Thomas M., eds. Restoration '89: the new management        challenge: Proceedings, 1st annual meeting of the Society for Ecological        Restoration; 1989 January 16-20; Oakland, CA. Madison, WI: The        University of Wisconsin Arboretum, Society for Ecological Restoration:        237-243.  [14699]
  • 15.  Kalisz, Paul J.; Boettcher, Susan E. 1991. Active and abandoned        red-cockaded woodpecker habitat in Kentucky. Journal of Wildlife        Management. 55(1): 146-154.  [13837]
  • 16.  Kelty, Matthew J. 1988. Sources of hardwood regeneration and factors        that influence these sources. In: Smith, H. Clay; Perkey, Arlyn W.;        Kidd, William E., Jr., eds. Guidelines for regenerating Appalachian        hardwood stands: Workshop proceedings; 1988 May 24-26; Morgantown, WV.        SAF Publ. 88-03. Morgantown, WV: West Virginia University Books: 17-30.        [13931]
  • 18.  Lamson, Neil I. 1983. Precommercial thinning increases diameter growth        of Appalachian hardwood stump sprouts. Southern Journal of Applied        Forestry. 7(2): 93-97.  [12563]
  • 19.  Loftis, David L. 1979. Partial cuts to regenerate upland hardwoods in        the Southeast. In: Proceedings of the National siviculture workshop.        Theme: The shelterwood regeneration method; 1979 September 17-21;        Charleston, SC. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest        Service, Division of Timber Management: 92-100.  [11661]
  • 2.  Beck, Donald E.; Della-Bianca, Lino. 1981. Yellow-poplar:        Characteristics and management. Agric. Handb. 583. Asheville, NC: U.S.        Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southeastern Forest        Experiment Station. 91 p.  [10983]
  • 21.  Martin, Alexander C.; Zim, Herbert S.; Nelson, Arnold L. 1951. American        wildlife and plants. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc. 500 p.        [4021]
  • 22.  McGee, Charles E. 1980. The effect of fire on species dominance in young        upland hardwood stands. In: Proceedings, mid-south upland hardwood        symposium for the practicing forester and land manager; [Date of        conference unknown]
  • 23.  Michael, Edwin D. 1988. Effects of white-tailed deer on Appalachian        hardwood regeneration. In: Smith, H. Clay; Perkey, Arlyn W.; Kidd,        William E., Jr., eds. Guidelines for regenerating Appalachian hardwood        stands: Workshop proceedings; 1988 May 24-26; Morgantown, WV. SAF Publ.        88-03. Morgantown, WV: West Virginia University Books: 89-96.  [13936]
  • 24.  Millers, Imants; Shriner, David S.; Rizzo, David. 1989. History of        hardwood decline in the eastern United States. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-126.        Bromall, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service,        Northeastern Forest Experiment Station. 75 p.  [10925]
  • 26.  Shearin, A. T.; Bruner, Marlin H.; Goebel, N. B. 1972. Prescribed        burning stimulates natural regeneration of yellow-poplar. Journal of        Forestry. 70: 482-484.  [10056]
  • 27.  Smalley, Glendon W. 1984. Classification and evaluation of forest sites        in the Cumberland Mountains. Gen. Tech. Rep. SO-50. New Orleans, LA:        U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Forest        Experiment Station. 84 p.  [9831]
  • 28.  Vines, Robert A. 1960. Trees, shrubs, and woody vines of the Southwest.        Austin, TX: University of Texas Press. 1104 p.  [7707]
  • 29.  Vogel, Willis G. 1981. A guide for revegetating coal minesoils in the        eastern United States. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-68. Broomall, PA: U.S.        Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest        Experiment Station. 190 p.  [15575]
  • 3.  Bonner, F. T.; Russell, T. E. 1974. Liriodendron tulipifera L.        yellow-poplar. In: Schopmeyer, C. S., ed. Seeds of woody plants in the        United States. Agriculture Handbook No. 450. Washington, DC: U. S.        Department of Agriculture, Forest Service: 508-511.  [7696]
  • 30.  U.S. Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service. 1982.        National list of scientific plant names. Vol. 1. List of plant names.        SCS-TP-159. Washington, DC. 416 p.  [11573]
  • 31.  U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Region. 1989.        Final environmental impact statement. Vegetation management in the        Coastal Plain/Piedmont. Vol. 1. Management Bulletin R8-MB-23. Atlanta,        GA. 351 p.  [10220]
  • 4.  Carey, Andrew B.; Gill, John D. 1980. Firewood and wildlife. Res. Note        299. Broomall, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service,        Northeastern Forest Experiment Station. 5 p.  [9925]
  • 5.  Clark, Alexander, III; Schroeder, James G. 1986. Weight, volume, and        physical properties of major hardwood species in the southern        Appalachian Mountains. Res. Pap. SE-253. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department        of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southeastern Experiment Station. 63 p.        [11023]
  • 6.  Clark, F. Bryan. 1962. White ash, hackberry, and yellow-poplar seed        remain viable when stored in the forest litter. Indiana Academy of        Science Proceedings. 1962: 112-114.  [237]
  • 7.  Davidson, Walter H. 1988. Potential for planting hardwoods in the        Appalachians. In: Smith, H. Clay; Perkey, Arlyn W.; Kidd, William E.,        Jr., eds. Guidelines for regenerating Appalachian hardwood stands:        Workshop proceedings; 1988 May 24-26; Morgantown, WV. SAF Publ. 88-03.        Morgantown, WV: West Virginia University Books: 255-268.  [13951]
  • 8.  Davis, D. D.; Umbach, D. M.; Coppolino, J. B. 1981. Susceptibility of        tree and shrub species and response of black cherry foliage to ozone.        Plant Disease. 65(11): 904-907.  [12517]
  • Burns, Russell M., and Barbara H. Honkala, technical coordinators. 1990. Silvics of North America: 1. Conifers; 2. Hardwoods.   Agriculture Handbook 654 (Supersedes Agriculture Handbook 271,Silvics of Forest Trees of the United States, 1965).   U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Washington, DC. vol.2, 877 pp.   http://www.na.fs.fed.us/spfo/pubs/silvics_manual/table_of_contents.htm External link.
  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Man. Vasc. Pl. Texas i–xv, 1–1881. The University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson.
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  • Govaerts R. (ed). For a full list of reviewers see: http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/compilersReviewers.do (2013). WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (version Oct 2011). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
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  • Image metadata at Bioimages (http://bioimages.vanderbilt.edu/)   http://bioimages.vanderbilt.edu/baskauf/00000 External link.
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  • Marticorena C & R Rodríguez . 1995-2005. Flora de Chile. Vols 1, 2(1-3). Ed. Universidad de Concepción, Concepción. 351 pp., 99 pp., 93 pp., 128 pp. Matthei O. 1995. Manual de las malezas que crecen en Chile. Alfabeta Impresores. 545 p.
  • Radford, A. E., H. E. Ahles & C. R. Bell. 1968. Man. Vasc. Fl. Carolinas i–lxi, 1–1183. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill.
  • Small, J. K. 1933. Man. S.E. Fl. i–xxii, 1–1554. Published by the Author, New York.
  • Species Plantarum 1: 535. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.)
  • Steven Vogel. 2003. Comparative Biomechanics: Life's Physical World. Princeton: Princeton University Press. 580 p.
  • Wunderlin, R. P. 1998. Guide Vasc. Pl. Florida i–x, 1–806. University Press of Florida, Gainesville.
  • http://www.na.fs.fed.us/spfo/pubs/silvics_manual/volume_2/liriodendron/tulipifera.htm
  •    
    1. Beck, Donald E. 1962. Yellow-poplar site index curves. USDA  Forest Service, Research Note 180. Southeastern Forest  Experiment Station, Asheville, NC. 2 p.
    2.  
    3. Beck, Donald E. 1977. Growth and development of thinned  versus unthinned yellow-poplar sprout clumps. USDA Forest  Service, Research Paper SE-173. Southeastern Forest  Experiment Station, Asheville, NC. 11 p.
    4.  
    5. Beck, Donald E., and Lino Della-Bianca. 1970. Yield of  unthinned yellow-poplar. USDA Forest Service, Research Paper  SE-58. Southeastern Forest Experiment Station, Asheville,  NC. 20 p.
    6.  
    7. Beck, Donald E., and Lino Della-Bianca. 1972. Growth and  yield of thinned yellow-poplar. USDA Forest Service,  Research Paper SE-101. Southeastern Forest Experiment  Station, Asheville, NC. 20 p.
    8.  
    9. Beck, Donald E., and Lino Della-Bianca. 1975. Board-foot and  diameter growth of yellow-poplar after thinning. USDA Forest  Service, Research Paper SE-123. Southeastern Forest  Experiment Station, Asheville, NC. 20 p.
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    11. Belanger, Roger P. 1976. Grafting produces rootable cuttings  from mature yellow-poplar trees. Plant Propagator 22(3):12-14. 
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    13. Boyce, Stephen G., and Margaret Kaeiser. 1961. Why  yellow-poplar seeds have low viability. USDA Forest Service,  Technical Paper 186. Central States Forest Experiment  Station, Columbus, OH. 16 p. [Can be obtained from North  Central Forest Experiment Station, St. Paul, MN]
    14.  
    15. Burns, Denver P. 1970. Insect enemies of yellow-poplar. USDA  Forest Service, Research Paper NE-159. Northeastern Forest  Experiment Station, Broomall, PA. 15 p.
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    17. Carvell, Kenneth L. 1964. Improvement cuttings in immature  hardwood stands yield income while increasing future  sawtimber values. West Virginia University Agricultural  Experiment Station, Bulletin 492. Morgantown. 17 p.
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    19. Clark, F. Bryan. 1970. Measures necessary for natural  regeneration of oaks, yellow-poplar, sweetgum, and black  walnut. In The silviculture of oaks and associated species.  p. 1-16. USDA Forest Service, Research Paper NE-144.  Northeastern Forest Experiment Station, Broomall, PA.
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    21. Clark, F. Bryan, and Stephen G. Boyce. 1964. Yellow-poplar  seed remains viable in the forest litter. Journal of  Forestry 62:564-567.
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    23. Della-Bianca, Lino. 1971. Frothingham's hardwood cleaning at  Looking-Glass Rock: 43 years later. Journal of Forestry  62:100-102.
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    25. Della-Bianca, Lino, and David F. Olson, Jr. 1961. Soil-site  studies in Piedmont hardwood and pine-hardwood upland  forests. Forest Science 7:320-329.
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    27. Eyre, F. H., ed. 1980. Forest cover types of the United  States and Canada. Society of American Foresters,  Washington, DC. 148 p.
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    29. Farmer, R. E., Jr., T. E. Russell, and R. M. Krinard. 1967.  Sixth-year results from a yellow-poplar provenance test. In  Proceedings, Ninth Southern Conference on Forest Tree  Improvement. [Knoxville, TN.] p. 65-68. Eastern Tree Seed  Laboratory, Macon, GA.
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    31. Hepting, George H. 1971. Diseases of forest and shade trees  of the United States. U.S. Department of Agriculture,  Agriculture Handbook 386. Washington, DC. 658 p.
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    33. Herr, David S., and Kenneth L. Carvell. 1975. Studies on the  quantity of yellow-poplar seed stored in the litter. West  Virginia University, West Virginia Forest Notes 4. p. 3-6.  Morgantown.
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    35. Ike, Albert F., Jr., and C. D. Huppuch. 1968. Predicting  tree height growth from soil and topographic site factors in  the Georgia Blue Ridge Mountains. Georgia Forest Resources  Council, Research Paper 54. Macon. 11 p.
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    37. Kellison, Robert Clay. 1967. A geographic variation study  of yellow-poplar (Liriodendron tulipifera L.) within  North Carolina. North Carolina State University School of  Forestry, Technical Report 33. Raleigh. 41 p.
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    39. Lamson, Neil 1. 1976. Appalachian hardwood stump sprouts are  potential sawlog crop trees. USDA Forest Service, Research  Note NE-229. Northeastern Forest Experiment Station,  Broomall, PA. 4 p.
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    41. Lamson, Neil I., and H. Clay Smith. 1978. Response to crop  tree release: sugar maple, red oak, black cherry, and  yellow-poplar saplings in a 9-year-old stand. USDA Forest  Service, Research Paper NE-394. Northeastern Forest  Experiment Station, Broomall, PA. 8 p.
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    43. Little, Elbert L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States  trees (native and naturalized). U.S. Department of  Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 541. Washington, DC. 375  p.
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    45. McAlpine, Robert G. 1961. Yellow-poplar seedlings  intolerant to flooding. Journal of Forestry 59:566-568. 
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    47. McAlpine, Robert G., and Paul P. Kormanik. 1972. Rooting  yellow-poplar cuttings from girdled trees. USDA Forest  Service, Research Note SE-180. Southeastern Forest  Experiment Station, Asheville, NC. 4 p.
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    49. McCarthy, E. F. 1933. Yellow-poplar characteristics,  growth, and management. U.S. Department of Agriculture,  Technical Bulletin 356. Washington, DC. 58 p.
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    51. McGee, Charles E. 1975. Regeneration alternatives in mixed  oak stands. USDA Forest Service, Research Paper SE-125.  Southeastern Forest Experiment Station, Asheville, NC. 8 p. 
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    53. McGee, Charles E., and Lino Della-Bianca. 1967. Diameter  distributions in natural yellow-poplar stands. USDA Forest  Service, Research Paper SE-25. Southeastern Forest  Experiment Station, Asheville, NC. 7 p.
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    55. McGee, Charles E., and Ralph M. Hooper. 1975. Regeneration  trends 10 years after clearcutting of an Appalachian  hardwood stand. USDA Forest Service, Research Note SE-227.  Southeastern Forest Experiment Station, Asheville, NC. 3 p. 
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    57. Olson, David F., Jr. 1969. Silvical characteristics of  yellow-poplar (Liriodendron tulipifera L.). USDA  Forest Service, Research Paper SE-48. Southeastern Forest  Experiment Station, Asheville, NC. 16 p.
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    59. Phillips, J. J. 1966. Site index of yellow-poplar related  to soil and topography in southern New Jersey. USDA Forest  Service, Research Paper NE-52. Northeastern Forest  Experiment Station, Broomall, PA. 10 p.
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    61. Renshaw, James F., and Warren T. Doolittle. 1958. Silvical  characteristics of yellow-poplar. USDA Forest Service,  Station Paper 89. Southeastern Forest Experiment Station,  Asheville, NC. 18 p.
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    63. Schultz, Richard C., and Paul -P. Kormanik. 1975. Response  of a yellow-poplar swamp ecotype to soil moisture. In  Proceedings, Thirteenth Southern Forest Tree Improvement  Conference. Eastern Tree Seed Laboratory and USDA Forest  Service, Macon, GA. p. 219-225. 33.
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    65. Shearin, A. T., Marlin H. Bruner, and N. B. Goebel. 1972.  Prescribed burning stimulates natural regeneration of  yellow-poplar. Journal of Forestry 70:482-484.
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    67. Sluder, Earl R. 1972. Variation in specific gravity of  yellow-poplar in the southern Appalachians. Wood Science  5:132-138.
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    69. Smalley, Glendon W. 1964. Topography, soil, and the height  of planted yellow-poplar. Journal of Alabama Academy of  Science 35:39-44.
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    71. Smith, H. Clay, and N. I. Lamson. 1975. Grapevines in 12 to  15-year-old even-aged central Appalachian hardwood stands.  In Proceedings, Third Annual Hardwood Symposium and  Hardwood Research Council, Cashiers, NC. p. 145-150.
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    73. Taft, Kingsley A., Jr. 1966. Cross- and  self-incompatibility and natural selfing in yellow-poplar,  Liriodendron tulipifera L. In Proceedings,  Sixth World Forestry Congress, June 6-18, 1966, Madrid,  Spain. p. 1425-1428.
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    75. Trimble, G. R., Jr. 1973. The regeneration of central  Appalachian hardwoods, with emphasis on the effects of site  quality and harvesting practice. USDA Forest Service,  Research Paper NE-282. Northeastern Forest Experiment  Station, Broomall, PA. 14 p.
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    77. Trimble, G. R., Jr. 1973. Response to crop-tree release by  7-year-old stems of yellow-poplar and black cherry. USDA  Forest Service, Research Paper NE-253. Northeastern Forest  Experiment Station, Broomall, PA. 10 p.
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    79. Trimble, G. R., Jr., and E. H. Tryon. 1969. Survival and  growth of yellow-poplar seedlings depend on date of  germination. USDA Forest Service, Research Note NE-101.  Northeastern Forest Experiment Station, Broomall, PA. 6 p.
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    81. Trimble, G. R., Jr., and E. H. Tryon. 1974. Grapevines a  serious obstacle to timber production on good hardwood sites  in Appalachia. Northern Logger and Timber Processor  23(5):22-23, 44.
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    83. True, R. P., and E. H. Tryon. 1966. Butt decay in  yellow-poplar sprouts in West Virginia. West Virginia  University Agricultural Experiment Station, Bulletin 541T.  Morgantown. 67 p.
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    85. Vaartaja, 0. 1961. Demonstration of photoperiodic ecotypes  in Liriodendron and Quercus. Canadian  Journal of Botany 39:649-654.
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    87. Wendel, G. W. 1975. Stump sprout growth and quality of  several Appalachian hardwood species after clearcutting.  USDA Forest Service, Research Paper NE-329. Northeastern  Forest Experiment Station, Broomall, PA. 9 p.
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    89. Whipple, Sherman D. 1968. Yellow-poplar regeneration after  seed tree cutting and site preparation. Auburn University  Agricultural Experiment Station, Bulletin 384. Auburn, AL.  15 p.
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    91. Williams, Robert D. 1976. Release accelerates growth of  yellow-poplar: an 18-year look. USDA Forest Service,  Research Note NC-202. North Central Forest Experiment  Station, St. Paul, MN. 4 p.
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