The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Man. Vasc. Pl. Texas i–xv, 1–1881. The University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson.
  • Fernald, M. 1950. Manual (ed. 8) i–lxiv, 1–1632. American Book Co., New York.
  • Flora of China Editorial Committee. 1988-2013. Flora of China (Checklist & Addendum). Unpaginated. In C. Y. Wu, P. H. Raven & D. Y. Hong (eds.) Fl. China. Science Press & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing & St. Louis.
  • Gleason, H. A. & A.J. Cronquist. 1991. Man. Vasc. Pl. N.E. U.S. (ed. 2) i–910. New York Botanical Garden, Bronx.
  • Godfrey, R. K. & J. W. Wooten. 1981. Aquatic Wetland Pl. S.E. U.S. Dicot. 1–944. Univ. Georgia Press, Athens.
  • Govaerts R. (ed). For a full list of reviewers see: (2015). WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (version Sep 2014). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Image metadata at Bioimages ( External link.
  • L. 1753. In: Sp. Pl. : 535
  • Marticorena C & R Rodríguez . 1995-2005. Flora de Chile. Vols 1, 2(1-3). Ed. Universidad de Concepción, Concepción. 351 pp., 99 pp., 93 pp., 128 pp. Matthei O. 1995. Manual de las malezas que crecen en Chile. Alfabeta Impresores. 545 p.
  • Radford, A. E., H. E. Ahles & C. R. Bell. 1968. Man. Vasc. Fl. Carolinas i–lxi, 1–1183. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill.
  • Small, J. K. 1933. Man. S.E. Fl. i–xxii, 1–1554. Published by the Author, New York.
  • Species Plantarum 1: 535. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.)
  • Steven Vogel. 2003. Comparative Biomechanics: Life's Physical World. Princeton: Princeton University Press. 580 p.
  • Thornhill, Robert, Krings, Alexander, Lindbo, David, Stucky, Jon (2014): Guide to the Vascular Flora of the Savannas and Flatwoods of Shaken Creek Preserve and Vicinity (Pender & Onslow Counties, North Carolina, U. S. A.). Biodiversity Data Journal 2, 1099: 1099-1099, URL:
  • Wunderlin, R. P. 1998. Guide Vasc. Pl. Florida i–x, 1–806. University Press of Florida, Gainesville.
    1. Beck, Donald E. 1962. Yellow-poplar site index curves. USDA  Forest Service, Research Note 180. Southeastern Forest  Experiment Station, Asheville, NC. 2 p.
    3. Beck, Donald E. 1977. Growth and development of thinned  versus unthinned yellow-poplar sprout clumps. USDA Forest  Service, Research Paper SE-173. Southeastern Forest  Experiment Station, Asheville, NC. 11 p.
    5. Beck, Donald E., and Lino Della-Bianca. 1970. Yield of  unthinned yellow-poplar. USDA Forest Service, Research Paper  SE-58. Southeastern Forest Experiment Station, Asheville,  NC. 20 p.
    7. Beck, Donald E., and Lino Della-Bianca. 1972. Growth and  yield of thinned yellow-poplar. USDA Forest Service,  Research Paper SE-101. Southeastern Forest Experiment  Station, Asheville, NC. 20 p.
    9. Beck, Donald E., and Lino Della-Bianca. 1975. Board-foot and  diameter growth of yellow-poplar after thinning. USDA Forest  Service, Research Paper SE-123. Southeastern Forest  Experiment Station, Asheville, NC. 20 p.
    11. Belanger, Roger P. 1976. Grafting produces rootable cuttings  from mature yellow-poplar trees. Plant Propagator 22(3):12-14. 
    13. Boyce, Stephen G., and Margaret Kaeiser. 1961. Why  yellow-poplar seeds have low viability. USDA Forest Service,  Technical Paper 186. Central States Forest Experiment  Station, Columbus, OH. 16 p. [Can be obtained from North  Central Forest Experiment Station, St. Paul, MN]
    15. Burns, Denver P. 1970. Insect enemies of yellow-poplar. USDA  Forest Service, Research Paper NE-159. Northeastern Forest  Experiment Station, Broomall, PA. 15 p.
    17. Carvell, Kenneth L. 1964. Improvement cuttings in immature  hardwood stands yield income while increasing future  sawtimber values. West Virginia University Agricultural  Experiment Station, Bulletin 492. Morgantown. 17 p.
    19. Clark, F. Bryan. 1970. Measures necessary for natural  regeneration of oaks, yellow-poplar, sweetgum, and black  walnut. In The silviculture of oaks and associated species.  p. 1-16. USDA Forest Service, Research Paper NE-144.  Northeastern Forest Experiment Station, Broomall, PA.
    21. Clark, F. Bryan, and Stephen G. Boyce. 1964. Yellow-poplar  seed remains viable in the forest litter. Journal of  Forestry 62:564-567.
    23. Della-Bianca, Lino. 1971. Frothingham's hardwood cleaning at  Looking-Glass Rock: 43 years later. Journal of Forestry  62:100-102.
    25. Della-Bianca, Lino, and David F. Olson, Jr. 1961. Soil-site  studies in Piedmont hardwood and pine-hardwood upland  forests. Forest Science 7:320-329.
    27. Eyre, F. H., ed. 1980. Forest cover types of the United  States and Canada. Society of American Foresters,  Washington, DC. 148 p.
    29. Farmer, R. E., Jr., T. E. Russell, and R. M. Krinard. 1967.  Sixth-year results from a yellow-poplar provenance test. In  Proceedings, Ninth Southern Conference on Forest Tree  Improvement. [Knoxville, TN.] p. 65-68. Eastern Tree Seed  Laboratory, Macon, GA.
    31. Hepting, George H. 1971. Diseases of forest and shade trees  of the United States. U.S. Department of Agriculture,  Agriculture Handbook 386. Washington, DC. 658 p.
    33. Herr, David S., and Kenneth L. Carvell. 1975. Studies on the  quantity of yellow-poplar seed stored in the litter. West  Virginia University, West Virginia Forest Notes 4. p. 3-6.  Morgantown.
    35. Ike, Albert F., Jr., and C. D. Huppuch. 1968. Predicting  tree height growth from soil and topographic site factors in  the Georgia Blue Ridge Mountains. Georgia Forest Resources  Council, Research Paper 54. Macon. 11 p.
    37. Kellison, Robert Clay. 1967. A geographic variation study  of yellow-poplar (Liriodendron tulipifera L.) within  North Carolina. North Carolina State University School of  Forestry, Technical Report 33. Raleigh. 41 p.
    39. Lamson, Neil 1. 1976. Appalachian hardwood stump sprouts are  potential sawlog crop trees. USDA Forest Service, Research  Note NE-229. Northeastern Forest Experiment Station,  Broomall, PA. 4 p.
    41. Lamson, Neil I., and H. Clay Smith. 1978. Response to crop  tree release: sugar maple, red oak, black cherry, and  yellow-poplar saplings in a 9-year-old stand. USDA Forest  Service, Research Paper NE-394. Northeastern Forest  Experiment Station, Broomall, PA. 8 p.
    43. Little, Elbert L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States  trees (native and naturalized). U.S. Department of  Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 541. Washington, DC. 375  p.
    45. McAlpine, Robert G. 1961. Yellow-poplar seedlings  intolerant to flooding. Journal of Forestry 59:566-568. 
    47. McAlpine, Robert G., and Paul P. Kormanik. 1972. Rooting  yellow-poplar cuttings from girdled trees. USDA Forest  Service, Research Note SE-180. Southeastern Forest  Experiment Station, Asheville, NC. 4 p.
    49. McCarthy, E. F. 1933. Yellow-poplar characteristics,  growth, and management. U.S. Department of Agriculture,  Technical Bulletin 356. Washington, DC. 58 p.
    51. McGee, Charles E. 1975. Regeneration alternatives in mixed  oak stands. USDA Forest Service, Research Paper SE-125.  Southeastern Forest Experiment Station, Asheville, NC. 8 p. 
    53. McGee, Charles E., and Lino Della-Bianca. 1967. Diameter  distributions in natural yellow-poplar stands. USDA Forest  Service, Research Paper SE-25. Southeastern Forest  Experiment Station, Asheville, NC. 7 p.
    55. McGee, Charles E., and Ralph M. Hooper. 1975. Regeneration  trends 10 years after clearcutting of an Appalachian  hardwood stand. USDA Forest Service, Research Note SE-227.  Southeastern Forest Experiment Station, Asheville, NC. 3 p. 
    57. Olson, David F., Jr. 1969. Silvical characteristics of  yellow-poplar (Liriodendron tulipifera L.). USDA  Forest Service, Research Paper SE-48. Southeastern Forest  Experiment Station, Asheville, NC. 16 p.
    59. Phillips, J. J. 1966. Site index of yellow-poplar related  to soil and topography in southern New Jersey. USDA Forest  Service, Research Paper NE-52. Northeastern Forest  Experiment Station, Broomall, PA. 10 p.
    61. Renshaw, James F., and Warren T. Doolittle. 1958. Silvical  characteristics of yellow-poplar. USDA Forest Service,  Station Paper 89. Southeastern Forest Experiment Station,  Asheville, NC. 18 p.
    63. Schultz, Richard C., and Paul -P. Kormanik. 1975. Response  of a yellow-poplar swamp ecotype to soil moisture. In  Proceedings, Thirteenth Southern Forest Tree Improvement  Conference. Eastern Tree Seed Laboratory and USDA Forest  Service, Macon, GA. p. 219-225. 33.
    65. Shearin, A. T., Marlin H. Bruner, and N. B. Goebel. 1972.  Prescribed burning stimulates natural regeneration of  yellow-poplar. Journal of Forestry 70:482-484.
    67. Sluder, Earl R. 1972. Variation in specific gravity of  yellow-poplar in the southern Appalachians. Wood Science  5:132-138.
    69. Smalley, Glendon W. 1964. Topography, soil, and the height  of planted yellow-poplar. Journal of Alabama Academy of  Science 35:39-44.
    71. Smith, H. Clay, and N. I. Lamson. 1975. Grapevines in 12 to  15-year-old even-aged central Appalachian hardwood stands.  In Proceedings, Third Annual Hardwood Symposium and  Hardwood Research Council, Cashiers, NC. p. 145-150.
    73. Taft, Kingsley A., Jr. 1966. Cross- and  self-incompatibility and natural selfing in yellow-poplar,  Liriodendron tulipifera L. In Proceedings,  Sixth World Forestry Congress, June 6-18, 1966, Madrid,  Spain. p. 1425-1428.
    75. Trimble, G. R., Jr. 1973. The regeneration of central  Appalachian hardwoods, with emphasis on the effects of site  quality and harvesting practice. USDA Forest Service,  Research Paper NE-282. Northeastern Forest Experiment  Station, Broomall, PA. 14 p.
    77. Trimble, G. R., Jr. 1973. Response to crop-tree release by  7-year-old stems of yellow-poplar and black cherry. USDA  Forest Service, Research Paper NE-253. Northeastern Forest  Experiment Station, Broomall, PA. 10 p.
    79. Trimble, G. R., Jr., and E. H. Tryon. 1969. Survival and  growth of yellow-poplar seedlings depend on date of  germination. USDA Forest Service, Research Note NE-101.  Northeastern Forest Experiment Station, Broomall, PA. 6 p.
    81. Trimble, G. R., Jr., and E. H. Tryon. 1974. Grapevines a  serious obstacle to timber production on good hardwood sites  in Appalachia. Northern Logger and Timber Processor  23(5):22-23, 44.
    83. True, R. P., and E. H. Tryon. 1966. Butt decay in  yellow-poplar sprouts in West Virginia. West Virginia  University Agricultural Experiment Station, Bulletin 541T.  Morgantown. 67 p.
    85. Vaartaja, 0. 1961. Demonstration of photoperiodic ecotypes  in Liriodendron and Quercus. Canadian  Journal of Botany 39:649-654.
    87. Wendel, G. W. 1975. Stump sprout growth and quality of  several Appalachian hardwood species after clearcutting.  USDA Forest Service, Research Paper NE-329. Northeastern  Forest Experiment Station, Broomall, PA. 9 p.
    89. Whipple, Sherman D. 1968. Yellow-poplar regeneration after  seed tree cutting and site preparation. Auburn University  Agricultural Experiment Station, Bulletin 384. Auburn, AL.  15 p.
    91. Williams, Robert D. 1976. Release accelerates growth of  yellow-poplar: an 18-year look. USDA Forest Service,  Research Note NC-202. North Central Forest Experiment  Station, St. Paul, MN. 4 p.


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