Data about <i>Liriodendron tulipifera</i>

TraitBank assembles data records from many providers. Select a row for more details about the record, or search within Liriodendron tulipifera.

Distribution

Data about <i>Liriodendron tulipifera</i>
Native range includes
Additional detail Canada USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail Lower 48 United States of America USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail United States (USA) US Forest Service Fire Effects Information Service  
  • Geographic distribution
    A description of the geographic distribution, or range, of the taxon. Includes descriptions of global, regional, or political aspects of range and whether the taxon is native or introduced in portions of the range and endemicity.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/SPMInfoItems#Distribution
Geographic distribution
Additional detail North America - Canada Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - Canada - Ontario Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Alabama Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Connecticut Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Delaware Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - District of Columbia Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Florida Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Illinois Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Indiana Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Kentucky Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Louisiana Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Maryland Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Massachusetts Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Michigan Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Mississippi Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Missouri Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - New Jersey Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - New York Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - North Carolina Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Ohio Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Pennsylvania Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Rhode Island Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - South Carolina Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Tennessee Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Texas Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Vermont Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Virginia Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - West Virginia Missouri Botanical Garden  

Physical Description

Data about <i>Liriodendron tulipifera</i>
Flower color
Additional detail yellow
  • Yellow
    A color hue with medium wavelength of that portion of the visible spectrum lying between orange and green, evoked in the human observer by radiant energy with wavelengths of approximately 570 to 590 nanometers.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000324
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Leaf color
Additional detail green
  • Green
    A color hue with medium-low wavelength of that portion of the visible spectrum lying between yellow and blue, evoked in the human observer by radiant energy with wavelengths of approximately 490 to 570 nanometers.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000320
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Fruit or seed color
Additional detail brown
  • Brown
    A color consisting of dark orange, red, of very low intensity.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000952
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Wood density
Additional detail 0.3 g/cm^3 Global Wood Density Database  
Additional detail 0.4 g/cm^3 Global Wood Density Database  
  • Plant growth habit
    The general growth form of a plant - its size and branching - also its woodiness. Some plants have different growth habits depending on environment or location, so a plant can have more than one value.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PlantHabit
Plant growth habit
Additional detail tree
  • Tree
    Perennial, woody plant with a single stem (trunk), normally greater than 4 to 5 meters (13 to 16 feet) in height; under certain environmental conditions, some tree species may develop a multi-stemmed or short growth form (less than 4 meters or 13 feet in height).
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/tree
US Forest Service Fire Effects Information Service  
Additional detail tree
  • Tree
    Perennial, woody plant with a single stem (trunk), normally greater than 4 to 5 meters (13 to 16 feet) in height; under certain environmental conditions, some tree species may develop a multi-stemmed or short growth form (less than 4 meters or 13 feet in height).
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/tree
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail tree
  • Tree
    Perennial, woody plant with a single stem (trunk), normally greater than 4 to 5 meters (13 to 16 feet) in height; under certain environmental conditions, some tree species may develop a multi-stemmed or short growth form (less than 4 meters or 13 feet in height).
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/tree
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Plant height median
Additional detail 36.58 m mature USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
max Additional detail 15.24 m base age USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
average Additional detail 19.81 m mature Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Shape
Additional detail erect
  • Erect
    A positional quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being upright in position or posture.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000622
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Primary growth form
    The primary growth form on the landscape in relation to soil stabilization on slopes and streamsides. Each plant species is assigned the single growth form that most enhances its ability to stabilize soil.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrimaryGrowthForm
Primary growth form
Additional detail single stem
  • Single stem
    Plant development by the production of one stem. Examples: corn (Zea mays) and American beech (Fagus grandifolia).
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/singleStem
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Carbon-to-nitrogen ratio
Additional detail high (>59)
  • High (>59)
    The percentage of organic carbon divided by the percentage of total nitrogen in organic material is higher than 59.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/highCNRatio
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Foliage texture
Additional detail medium
  • Medium
    Mid-way between small and large in number, quantity, magnitude or extent.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C49507
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  

Ecology

Data about <i>Liriodendron tulipifera</i>
  • Frost free days
    The average number of frost-free days within the plant’s known geographical range. For cultivars, the geographical range is defined as the area to which the cultivar is well adapted rather than marginally adapted.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/FrostFreeDays
Frost free days min
Additional detail 150 days USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Precipitation tolerance
    Minimum tolerable rainfall (in inches), expressed as the average annual minimum precipitation that occurs 20% of the time (i.e., the probability of it being this dry in any given year is 20%) at the driest climate station within the known geographical range of the plant. geographical range of the plant. For cultivars, the geographical range is defined as the area to which the cultivar is well adapted rather than marginally adapted.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrecipitationTolerance
Precipitation tolerance min
Additional detail 76.2 cm USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
max Additional detail 2.03 m USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Soil depth
    The minimum depth of soil required for good growth. Plants that do not have roots such as rootless aquatic plants (floating or submerged) and epiphytes are assigned a minimum root depth value of zero.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/SoilDepth
Soil depth min
Additional detail 81.28 cm USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Low temperature tolerance
    The minimum tolerable temperature is the lowest temperature recorded in the plant’s historical range. If this is not available, the record low January temperature recorded at climate stations within the current geographical range of the plant is used. This definition does not apply to summer annuals.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/TemperatureTolerance
Low temperature tolerance min
Additional detail -27.8 degrees Celsius USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Habitat
Additional detail non-marine IRMNG  
Additional detail woodland Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Habitat
Additional detail alluvial soil Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail clay
  • Clay
    A group of hydrous aluminium phyllosilicate (phyllosilicates being a subgroup of silicate minerals) minerals (see clay minerals), that are typically less than 2micrometres in diameter. Clay consists of a variety of phyllosilicate minerals rich in silicon and aluminium oxides and hydroxides which include variable amounts of structural water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002982
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail cliff Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail coastal plain
  • Coastal plain
    An area of flat, low-lying land adjacent to a seacoast and separated from the interior by other features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000090
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail cut
  • Cut
    An excavation of the Earth's surface to provide passage for a road, railway, canal, etc.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000474
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail flood plain
  • Flood plain
    An area which is subject to periodic flooding.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000255
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail forest
  • Forest
    An area with a high density of trees. A small forest may be called a wood.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000111
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail high temperature habitat
  • High temperature habitat
    A biome characterized by an average temperature of at least 60deg C. Inhabited by thermophilic organisms.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002025
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail humus
  • Humus
    Organic matter in soil which has reached a point of stability, where it will break down no further and might, if conditions do not change, remain essentially as it is for centuries, or millennia.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000000
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail loam
  • Loam
    A soil composed of sand, silt, and clay in relatively even concentration (about 40-40-20% concentration respectively).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002258
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail mount
  • Mount
    A mountain rising from the ocean seafloor that does not reach to the water's surface (sea level), and thus is not an island. Typically formed from volcanoes that rise abruptly and are usually found rising from a seafloor of 1,000 - 4,000 meters depth. Independent features that rise to at least 1,000 meters above the seafloor.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000264
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail scree
  • Scree
    Broken rock that appears at the bottom of crags, mountain cliffs or valley shoulders.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000194
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail silt Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail stream bed
  • Stream bed
    The channel bottom of a stream; the physical confine of the normal water flow.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000383
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail valley
  • Valley
    A depression caused by erosion by water or ice. Low-lying land bordered by higher ground; especially elongate, relatively large gently sloping depressions of the Earth's surface, commonly situated between two mountains or between ranges of hills or mountains, and often containing a stream with an outlet.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000100
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail woodland Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail woodland biome
  • Woodland biome
    A woodland biome is a terrestrial biome which includes, across its entire spatial extent, woody plants spaced sufficiently far apart to allow light penetration to support communities of herbaceous plants or shrubs living closer to the woodland floor.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000175
Environments - EOL project  
  • Wetland Indicator Status (NWPL)
    Five indicator statuses, or ratings, are used in the United States National Wetland Plant List to designate a plant species’ preference for occurrence in a wetland or upland: Upland (UPL), Facultative Upland (FACU), Facultative (FAC), Facultative Wetland (FACW), and Obligate Wetland (OBL). The statuses represent the estimated probability of a species occurring in wetlands versus nonwetlands in a region.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/WetlandIndicatorStatus
Wetland Indicator Status (NWPL)
Additional detail Facultative Upland
  • Facultative Upland
    Nonhydrophyte. Usually occur in non-wetlands, but may occur in wetlands.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nwpl_facu
National Wetland Plant List  
Additional detail Facultative Upland
  • Facultative Upland
    Nonhydrophyte. Usually occur in non-wetlands, but may occur in wetlands.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nwpl_facu
National Wetland Plant List  
Additional detail Facultative Upland
  • Facultative Upland
    Nonhydrophyte. Usually occur in non-wetlands, but may occur in wetlands.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nwpl_facu
National Wetland Plant List  
Additional detail Facultative Upland
  • Facultative Upland
    Nonhydrophyte. Usually occur in non-wetlands, but may occur in wetlands.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nwpl_facu
National Wetland Plant List  
Additional detail Facultative Upland
  • Facultative Upland
    Nonhydrophyte. Usually occur in non-wetlands, but may occur in wetlands.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nwpl_facu
National Wetland Plant List  
  • Interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWith
Interacts with
Additional detail American Beech GloBI  
Additional detail American Juniper GloBI  
Additional detail American Linden GloBI  
Additional detail American Sweetgum GloBI  
Additional detail Aurantiporus fissilis GloBI  
Additional detail Bald Cypress GloBI  
Additional detail Black Cherry GloBI  
Additional detail Black Locust GloBI  
Additional detail Black Oak GloBI  
Additional detail Black Tupelo GloBI  
Additional detail Black Walnut GloBI  
Additional detail Carolina Silverbell GloBI  
Additional detail Cucumber-tree GloBI  
Additional detail Eastern Hemlock GloBI  
Additional detail Eastern White Pine GloBI  
Additional detail Flowering Dogwood GloBI  
Additional detail Hickory GloBI  
Additional detail Loblolly Pine GloBI  
Additional detail Pedunculate Oak GloBI  
Additional detail Phomopsis GloBI  
Additional detail Phomopsis liriodendri GloBI  
Additional detail Promethea Silkmoth GloBI  
Additional detail Red Maple GloBI  
Additional detail Red Oak GloBI  
Additional detail Shortleaf Pine GloBI  
Additional detail Sourwood GloBI  
Additional detail Sugar Maple GloBI  
Additional detail Sweet Birch GloBI  
Additional detail Tiger Swallowtail GloBI  
Additional detail Tulip Tree Silkmoth GloBI  
Additional detail Tulip-tree Beauty GloBI  
Additional detail Tuliptree Aphid GloBI  
Additional detail Tuliptree Borer GloBI  
Additional detail Tuliptree Scale GloBI  
Additional detail White Ash GloBI  
Additional detail White Oak GloBI  
Additional detail Yellow Birch GloBI  
Additional detail Yellow Buckeye GloBI  
Additional detail Yellow Poplar Weevil GloBI  
  • Interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWithreverse
Interacts with
Additional detail American Holly GloBI  
Additional detail American Hornbeam GloBI  
Additional detail Aurantiporus fissilis GloBI  
Additional detail Aurantiporus fissilis GloBI  
Additional detail Black Walnut GloBI  
Additional detail Butternut GloBI  
Additional detail Carolina Silverbell GloBI  
Additional detail Chestnut Oak GloBI  
Additional detail Chinkapin Oak GloBI  
Additional detail Common Persimmon GloBI  
Additional detail Cucumber-tree GloBI  
Additional detail Eastern Hophornbeam GloBI  
Additional detail Florida Maple GloBI  
Additional detail Florida Torreya GloBI  
Additional detail Loblolly Bay GloBI  
Additional detail Loblolly Pine GloBI  
Additional detail Mockernut Hickory GloBI  
Additional detail Mountain Magnolia GloBI  
Additional detail Nutmeg Hickory GloBI  
Additional detail Phomopsis liriodendri GloBI  
Additional detail Phomopsis liriodendri GloBI  
Additional detail Red Bay GloBI  
Additional detail Red Maple GloBI  
Additional detail River Birch GloBI  
Additional detail Shumard Oak GloBI  
Additional detail Sourwood GloBI  
Additional detail Southern Magnolia GloBI  
Additional detail Spruce Pine GloBI  
Additional detail Swamp Chestnut Oak GloBI  
Additional detail Swamp Laurel Oak GloBI  
Additional detail Sweet Birch GloBI  
Additional detail Sweetbay Magnolia GloBI  
Additional detail Tulip Poplar GloBI  
Additional detail Tulip Poplar GloBI  
Additional detail Tuliptree Aphid GloBI  
Additional detail Water Oak GloBI  
Additional detail White Ash GloBI  
Additional detail White Basswood GloBI  
Additional detail White Oak GloBI  
Additional detail White Sassafras GloBI  
Additional detail Yellow Buckeye GloBI  
  • Has predator
    is consumed for energetic or other nutritional needs (by another organism)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/HasPredator
Has predator
Additional detail Green Clouded Swallowtail GloBI  
Additional detail Tiger Swallowtail GloBI  
Elevation min
Additional detail 27.4 m Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History Department of Botany  
median Additional detail 60 m Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History Department of Botany  
max Additional detail 76.2 m Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History Department of Botany  
Fire resistance
Additional detail is not fire resistant USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Allelopathic effect
    This is an assay of any direct or indirect, harmful or beneficial effect of one plant on another through the production of chemical compounds (allelochemicals) that escape in the environment.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/TO_0000624
Allelopathic effect
Additional detail no known allelopathy
  • No known allelopathy
    There is no evidence that the organism produces compounds (allelochemicals) that influence the growth, survival, and reproduction of other organisms.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/allelopathyUnknown
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Soil requirements
Additional detail adapted to coarse textured soils
  • Adapted to coarse textured soils
    This plan can establish and grow in soil with a coarse textured surface layer. Includes: Sand, Coarse sand, Fine sand, Loamy coarse sand, Loamy fine sand, Loamy very fine sand, Very fine sand, Loamy sand.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/coarseSoilYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail adapted to medium textured soils
  • Adapted to medium textured soils
    This plan can establish and grow in soil with a medium textured surface layer. Includes: Silt, Sandy clay loam, Very fine sandy loam, Silty clay loam, Silt loam, Loam, Fine sandy loam, Sandy loam, Coarse sandy loam.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/mediumSoilYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail needs dry to average soils Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail not adapted to fine textured soils
  • Not adapted to fine textured soils
    This plan cannot establish and grow in soil with a fine textured surface layer. Includes: Sandy clay, Silty clay, Clay.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/fineSoilNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Anaerobic soil tolerance
Additional detail none USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Drought tolerance
Additional detail low tolerance
  • Low tolerance
    decreased tolerance to: A tolerance quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's decreased ability to endure a stimulus.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002394
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Calcareous soil tolerance
    The relative tolerance of the plant to calcareous soil. Calcareous soil is defined as soil containing sufficient free CaCO3 and other carbonates to effervesce visibly or audibly when treated with cold 0.1M HCl. These soils usually contain from 10 to almost 1000g/kg CaCO3 equivalent.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/CalcareousSoilTolerance
Calcareous soil tolerance
Additional detail low tolerance
  • Low tolerance
    decreased tolerance to: A tolerance quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's decreased ability to endure a stimulus.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002394
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Moisture use
Additional detail medium
  • Medium
    Mid-way between small and large in number, quantity, magnitude or extent.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C49507
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Salt tolerance
Additional detail low tolerance
  • Low tolerance
    decreased tolerance to: A tolerance quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's decreased ability to endure a stimulus.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002394
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Shade tolerance
Additional detail low tolerance
  • Low tolerance
    decreased tolerance to: A tolerance quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's decreased ability to endure a stimulus.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002394
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail needs sun to partial shade Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  

Life History and Behavior

Data about <i>Liriodendron tulipifera</i>
Life cycle habit
Additional detail perennial
  • Perennial
    Of plant duration, a plant whose life span extends over more than two growing seasons, c.f. annual, biennial, ephemeral, of flowering with respect to architecture, hapaxanthic, monocarpic, pleonanthic
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/perennial
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Shedability
Additional detail deciduous
  • Deciduous
    Deciduous (plant): A quality inhering in a plant by virtue of the bearer's disposition to shed foliage.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001731
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Bloom period
Additional detail mid spring
  • Mid spring
    The mid part of the season between the vernal equinox and the summer solstice.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/midSpring
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Active growth period
Additional detail spring and summer USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Growth rate
Additional detail fast USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Life span
Additional detail moderate life span
  • Moderate life span
    A life span which is neither relatively low nor relatively high.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/moderateLifeSpan
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Grass growth type
Additional detail not a low growing grass
  • Not a low growing grass
    The growing point (terminal meristem) of the vegetative grass tiller does not remain at or near the crown.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/lowGrowingGrassNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Resprout ability after clipping
Additional detail will resprout
  • Will resprout
    The plant will resprout following top (above ground biomass) removal.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/ResproutYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Germination requirements
Additional detail cold stratification required
  • Cold stratification required
    Cold stratification significantly increases the seed germination percentage of this plant.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/coldStratificationYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Fire tolerance
Additional detail medium (normal)
  • Medium (normal)
    Average. A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's exhibiting no deviation from normal or average.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000461
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Fruit/seed abundance
Additional detail high
  • High
    An elevated level or position or degree; greater than normal in degree or intensity or amount.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C25227
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Seed period end
Additional detail summer
  • Summer
    The season between the summer solstice and the autumnal equinox.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C94732
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Seed period begin
Additional detail summer
  • Summer
    The season between the summer solstice and the autumnal equinox.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C94732
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Fruit/seed persistence
Additional detail fruit/seed is not persistent
  • Fruit/seed is not persistent
    The fruit or seed is not persistent on the plant.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/fruitPersistentNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Seeds per pound average
Additional detail 14,000 USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Seed spread rate
Additional detail slow USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Seedling survival
Additional detail medium
  • Medium
    Mid-way between small and large in number, quantity, magnitude or extent.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C49507
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Vegetative spread rate
Additional detail none USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Seed ripening date
Additional detail September
  • September
    The ninth month of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C106188
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Bloom period begin
Additional detail May
  • May
    The fifth month of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C106184
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Bloom period end
Additional detail June
  • June
    The sixth month of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C106185
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Seed per unit average
Additional detail 625 per ounce Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  

Physiology and Cell Biology

Data about <i>Liriodendron tulipifera</i>
  • Soil pH
    The soil pH, of the top 12 inches of soil, within the plant’s known geographical range. For cultivars, the geographical range is defined as the area to which the cultivar is well adapted rather than marginally adapted.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/SoilPH
Soil pH min
Additional detail 4.5 USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
max Additional detail 6.5 USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Nitrogen fixation
    The process in which nitrogen is taken from its relatively inert molecular form (N2) in the atmosphere and converted into nitrogen compounds useful for other chemical processes, such as ammonia, nitrate and nitrogen dioxide.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0009399
Nitrogen fixation
Additional detail none USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Primary macronutrient requirements
Additional detail high
  • High
    An elevated level or position or degree; greater than normal in degree or intensity or amount.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C25227
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  

Conservation

Data about <i>Liriodendron tulipifera</i>
Extinction status
Additional detail extant IRMNG  

Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Data about <i>Liriodendron tulipifera</i>
Livestock bloat potential
Additional detail none USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Horticulture
Additional detail flower is conspicuous
  • Flower is conspicuous
    Flowers are conspicuous from a landscaping aesthetics standpoint.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/flowerConspicuousYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail fruit/seed is conspicuous
  • Fruit/seed is conspicuous
    The fruit or seed is conspicuous from a landscaping aesthetics standpoint.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/fruitSeedConspicuousYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail is fall conspicuous
  • Is fall conspicuous
    The leaves or fruits are conspicuous during Autumn from a landscaping aesthetics standpoint.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/fallConspicuousYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail suitable for the coppice method of silviculture
  • Suitable for the coppice method of silviculture
    The plant is suitable for the coppice method of silviculture. Coppicing completely removes the canopy of woody plants, cutting them at or just above ground level.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/coppicePotentialYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Foliage porosity winter
    Indicates the porosity (coverage) of the foliage during the winter months. Foliage porosity is an important factor when trees or shrubs are used as windbreaks for the protection of crops and livestock shelters. Denser (or less porous) foliage allows more wind to pass through.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/FoliagePorosityWinter
Foliage porosity winter
Additional detail porous
  • Porous
    A porosity quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being capable of admitting the passage of gas or liquid through pores or interstices.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000984
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Foliage porosity summer
    Indicates the porosity (coverage) of the foliage during the summer months. Foliage porosity is an important factor when trees or shrubs are used as windbreaks for the protection of crops and livestock shelters. Denser (or less porous) foliage allows more wind to pass through.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/FoliagePorositySummer
Foliage porosity summer
Additional detail dense (low porosity)
  • Dense (low porosity)
    A porosity quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being incapable of admitting the passage of gas or liquid through pores or interstices.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/lowPorosity
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Human/livestock toxicity
Additional detail none USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Hedge tolerance
Additional detail none USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Planting density min
Additional detail 300 per acre USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
max Additional detail 800 per acre USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Commercial availability
Additional detail routinely available
  • Routinely available
    The plant is routinely available commercially.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/routinelyAvailable
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Plant propagation method
Additional detail cold moist stratification
  • Cold moist stratification
    Cold moist stratification in a refrigerator in a plastic freezer bag.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagationColdMoistStrat
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail not propogated by bulbs
  • Not propogated by bulbs
    It is not practical to propagate this plant as bulbs.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedByBulbsNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not propogated by corms
  • Not propogated by corms
    It is not practical to propagate this plant as corms.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedByCormsNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not propogated by sod
  • Not propogated by sod
    This plant does not lend itself to being developed as a sod product.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedBySodNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not propogated by sprigs
  • Not propogated by sprigs
    It is not practical to propagate this plant by sprigs.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedBySprigsNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not propogated by tubers
  • Not propogated by tubers
    It is not practical to propagate this plant by tubers.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedByTubersNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail propogated by bare root
  • Propogated by bare root
    It is practical to propagate this plant as a bare root product.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedByBareRootYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail propogated by container
  • Propogated by container
    This plant lends itself to being developed as a container product.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedByContainerYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail propogated by cuttings
  • Propogated by cuttings
    It is practical to propagate this plant as either stem or root cuttings.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedByCuttingsYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail propogated by seed
  • Propogated by seed
    It is practical to propagate this plant by seed.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedBySeedYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail sow in container or outside
  • Sow in container or outside
    Sow seed immediately in container and keep watered outside or sow outside.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagationContainerOutside
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail sow outside in soil
  • Sow outside in soil
    Sow outside immediately in soil and label or sow in container.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagationOutside
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Grain type
Additional detail is not a small grain
  • Is not a small grain
    The plant is not a small grain. A small grain is a cereal (as wheat, oats, barley, rye, rice) having relatively small kernels or sometimes a relatively small plant as distinguished from a plant (as corn) with large kernels or sometimes from a cereal (as sorghum) with a large plant but small kernels or from a similarly cultured and used seed (as soybean) with a relatively small plant and large seeds.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/smallGrainNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Uses
Additional detail no berries, nuts, seeds, or fruits palatable to humans
  • No berries, nuts, seeds, or fruits palatable to humans
    The plant does not produce berries, nuts, seeds, or fruits that are palatable to humans.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/palatableHumansNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not suitable as berry/nut/seed product
  • Not suitable as berry/nut/seed product
    This woody perennial is not suitable for the commercial production of either berries, nuts, or seeds. Herbaceous plants are scored "not suitable” here by default.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/berryNutSeedNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not suitable as Christmas tree product
  • Not suitable as Christmas tree product
    The plant is not known to be suitable for the Christmas tree market.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/christmasTreeNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not suitable as post product
  • Not suitable as post product
    The tree or shrub is not commonly used and does not have high potential for the production of posts, poles, mine timbers, or railroad ties. Plants other than trees and shrubs are scored “not suitable” here by default.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/postProductNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not used as fodder product
  • Not used as fodder product
    The plant is not known to be used as animal fodder material. The definition of fodder from the Crop Science Society of America is: Coarse grasses such as corn or sorghum harvested with the seed and leaves green or alive, then cured and fed in their entirety as forage.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/fodderNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail suitable as lumber product
  • Suitable as lumber product
    The plant is suitable, or has potential, for use as a commercial lumber producer.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/lumberYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail suitable as nursery stock product
  • Suitable as nursery stock product
    This plant is suitable for production of nursery stock.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nurseryStockYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail suitable as pulpwood product
  • Suitable as pulpwood product
    The woody perennial is commonly used or has high potential to be used for the production of pulpwood. Herbaceous plants are scored "not suitable" here by default.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/pulpwoodYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail suitable as veneer product
  • Suitable as veneer product
    The tree is commonly used or has high potential to be used for commercial veneer or plywood. Plants other than trees are scored “not suitable” here by default.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/veneerYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail suitable for naval store products
  • Suitable for naval store products
    This woody perennial is suitable for production of naval store products. Navel Store Products are defined as tar, pitch, turpentine, pine oil, rosin, and terpenes obtained from pine and other coniferous trees. Herbaceous plants are scored "not suitable” here by default.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/navalStoreYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Fuelwood suitability
    The relative suitability or potential of a tree or shrub to produce fuelwood. If suitability is unknown, fuelwood potential is expressed in terms of weight (in lbs) per cubic foot of green wood. Relative values correspond to these numerical ranges: Low: <28; Medium: 28-35; High: >35. Plants other than trees and shrubs are left blank here.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/FuelwoodSuitability
Fuelwood suitability
Additional detail low
  • Low
    A minimum level or position or degree; less than normal in degree, intensity or amount.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C54722
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Browse animal palatability
Additional detail low
  • Low
    A minimum level or position or degree; less than normal in degree, intensity or amount.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C54722
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Seed/spore extraction
Additional detail air-dry seed pods
  • Air-dry seed pods
    Air-dry seed pods (may require collecting early and caging to catch fluffy seed or exploding seed pods)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/seedExtractAirDry
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail grind hard dry fruit
  • Grind hard dry fruit
    Grind hard dry fruit in a leaf grinder or stomp under foot.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/seedExtractGrind
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Not invasive in
Additional detail United States (USA) US Forest Service Fire Effects Information Service  

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