The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Breedlove, D.E. 1986. Flora de Chiapas. Listados Floríst. México 4: i–v, 1–246.
  • CONABIO. 2009. Catálogo taxonómico de especies de México. 1. In Capital Nat. México. CONABIO, Mexico City.
  • Clark, L.A.M., A.S. El-Feraly, W-S. Li, 1981. Antimicrobial activity of phenolic constituents of magnolia grandiflora Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences 70(8): 951–952.
  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Man. Vasc. Pl. Texas i–xv, 1–1881. The University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson.
  • El-Feraly, L.F.S and Y-M. Chan, 1978. Isolation and characterization of the sesquiterpene lactones costunolide, parthenolide, costunolide diepoxide, santamarine, and reynosin from Magnolia grandiflora. Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences 67(3): 347–350.
  • Flora of China Editorial Committee. 1988-2013. Flora of China (Checklist & Addendum). Unpaginated. In C. Y. Wu, P. H. Raven & D. Y. Hong (eds.) Fl. China. Science Press & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing & St. Louis.
  • Gleason, H. A. & A.J. Cronquist. 1991. Man. Vasc. Pl. N.E. U.S. (ed. 2) i–910. New York Botanical Garden, Bronx.
  • Godfrey, R. K. & J. W. Wooten. 1981. Aquatic Wetland Pl. S.E. U.S. Dicot. 1–944. Univ. Georgia Press, Athens.
  • Govaerts R. (ed). For a full list of reviewers see: (2015). WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (version Sep 2014). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Halls, L. K. 1977. Southern magnolia/Magnolia grandiflora L. In Southern fruit-producing woody plants used by wildlife. p. 196-197. USDA Forest Service, General Technical Report SO-16. Southern Forest Experiment Station, New Orleans, LA.
  • Hernández-Cerda, M.E. 1980. Magnoliaceae. INIREB. (14). Xalapa, Veracruz, México.
  • Image metadata at Bioimages ( External link.
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & C. Ulloa Ulloa. 1994. Seed plants of the high Andes of Ecuador–A checklist. AAU Rep. 34: 1–443.
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez. (eds.) 1999. Cat. Vasc. Pl. Ecuador, Monogr. Syst. Bot. Miss. Bot. Gard. 75: i–viii, 1–1181. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.
  • L. 1759. In: Syst. Nat. ed. 10 , 2: 1082
  • Linares, J. L. 2003 [2005]. Listado comentado de los árboles nativos y cultivados en la república de El Salvador. Ceiba 44(2): 105–268.
  • Lozano-Contreras, G. 1983. Magnoliaceae. 1: 1–119. In Fl. Colombia. Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá.
  • Magnolia grandiflora "Charles Dickens"
  • Marticorena C & R Rodríguez . 1995-2005. Flora de Chile. Vols 1, 2(1-3). Ed. Universidad de Concepción, Concepción. 351 pp., 99 pp., 93 pp., 128 pp. Matthei O. 1995. Manual de las malezas que crecen en Chile. Alfabeta Impresores. 545 p.
  • Molina Rosito, A. 1975. Enumeración de las plantas de Honduras. Ceiba 19(1): 1–118.
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali (eds). 1980-2005. Fl. Pakistan Univ. of Karachi, Karachi.
  • Outcalt, K.W. 1990. Magnolia grandiflora. In Silvics of North America. Volume 2, Hardwoods. Burns, R.M and B.H. Honkala, tech cords. Agriculture Handbook 654. US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Washington DC, 877 p.
  • Radford, A. E., H. E. Ahles & C. R. Bell. 1968. Man. Vasc. Fl. Carolinas i–lxi, 1–1183. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill.
  • Small, J. K. 1933. Man. S.E. Fl. i–xxii, 1–1554. Published by the Author, New York.
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946. Magnoliaceae. In Standley, P.C. & Steyermark, J.A. (Eds), Flora of Guatemala - Part IV. Fieldiana, Bot. 24(4): 266–269.
  • Systema Naturae, Editio Decima 2: 1082. 1759. (Syst. Nat. (ed. 10))
  • Thien, L.B. 1974. Floral Biology of Magnolia. American Journal of Botany. 61 (10) : 1037-1045.
  • Vazquez-G., J. A. 1994. Magnolia (Magnoliaceae) in Mexico and Central America. Brittonia 46(1): 1–23.
  • Vázquez, J.A. 1994. Magnolia (Magnoliaceae) in México and Central America. Brittonia. 1 (46) : 1-23.
  • Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. 11 January 2016. Magnolia grandiflora. Retrieved January 15 2016 from
  • Wunderlin, R. P. 1998. Guide Vasc. Pl. Florida i–x, 1–806. University Press of Florida, Gainesville.
  • Yang MH, Blunden G, Patel AV, O'Neill MJ and Lewis JA, 1994. Coumarins and sesquiterpene lactones from Magnolia grandiflora leaves. Planta medica 60(4): 390-390.
    1. Baker, Whiteford L. 1972. Eastern forest insects. U.S  Department of Agriculture, Miscellaneous Publication 1175  Washington, DC. 642 p.
    3. Bennett, F. A. 1965. Southern magnolia (Magnolia  grandiflora L.). In Silvics of forest trees of  the United States. p. 274-276. H. A. Fowells, comp. U.S.  Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 271.  Washington, DC.
    5. Blaisdell, R. S., J. Wooten, and R. K. Godfrey. 1973. The  role of magnolia and beech in forest processes in the  Tallahassee, Florida, Thomasville, Georgia area.  Proceedings, Thirteenth Annual Tall Timbers Fire Ecology  Conference. p. 363-397.
    7. Clark, A. M., F. S. El-Feraly, and W. S. Li. 1981.  Antimicrobial activity of phenolic constituents of Magnolia  grandiflora L. Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences  70(8):951-952.
    9. Davis, T. L. 1981. Chemistry of Magnolia grandiflora  L. Diss. (Ph.D.) University of Florida, Gainesville. 117  p.
    11. Delcourt, H. R., and P. A. Delcourt. 1977. Presettlement  magnolia-beech climax of the Gulf Coastal Plain:  quantitative evidence from the Apalachicola River bluffs,  north-central Florida. Ecology 58(5):1085-1093.
    13. Eyre, F. H., ed. 1980. Forest cover types of the United  States and Canada. Society of American Foresters,  Washington, DC. 148 p.
    15. Glitzenstein, J. S., P. A. Harcombe, and D. R. Streng. 1986.  Disturbance succession and maintenance of species  diversity in an east Texas USA forest. Ecological Monographs  56(3):243-258.
    17. Halls, L. K. 1977. Southern magnolia/Magnolia  grandiflora L. In Southern fruit-producing woody  plants used by wildlife. p. 196-197. USDA Forest Service,  General Technical Report SO-16. Southern Forest Experiment  Station, New Orleans, LA.
    19. Hare, R. C. 1965. Contribution of bark to fire resistance of  southern trees. Journal of Forestry 63(4):248-251.
    21. Hepting, George H. 1971. Diseases of forest and shade trees  of the United States. U.S. Department of Agriculture,  Agriculture Handbook 386. Washington, DC. 658 p.
    23. Little, Elbert L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States  trees (native and naturalized). U.S. Department of  Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 541. Washington, DC. 375  p.
    25. McDaniel, J. C. 1968. Magnolia hybrids and selections. In  Proceedings, Sixth Central States Forest Tree  Improvement Conference. p. 6-14.
    27. Maisenhelder, L. C. 1970. Magnolia. USDA Forest Service,  American Woods FS-245. Washington, DC. 7 p.
    29. Monk, C. D. 1965. Southern mixed hardwood forest of  north-central Florida. Ecological Monographs 35(4):335-354. 
    31. Quarterman, E., and C. Keever. 1962. Southern mixed hardwood  forest: climax in the Southeastern Coastal Plain, U.S.A.  Ecological Monographs 32(2):167-185.
    33. Rehder, Alfred. 1960. Manual of cultivated trees and shrubs.  2d ed. p. 249-250. Macmillan, New York.
    35. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. 1985.  Insects of eastern forests. A. T. Drooz (ed.). U.S.  Department of Agriculture, Miscellaneous Publication  1426. Washington, DC. 608 p.
    37. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. 1974. Seeds  of woody plants in the United States. C. S. Schopmeyer,  tech. coord. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agriculture  Handbook 450. Washington, DC. 883 p.
    39. White, D. A. 1987. An American beech-dominated  original growth forest in southeast Louisiana USA. Bulletin  of Torrey Botanical Club 114(2):127-133.


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