Data about <i>Magnolia virginiana</i>

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Distribution

 
native range includes
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Lower 48 United States of America
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail
United States (USA)
US Forest Service Fire Effects Information Service  
 
geographic distribution
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North America - United States
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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North America - United States - Alabama
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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North America - United States - Arkansas
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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North America - United States - Delaware
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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North America - United States - District of Columbia
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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North America - United States - Florida
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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North America - United States - Georgia
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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North America - United States - Louisiana
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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North America - United States - Maryland
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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North America - United States - Massachusetts
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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North America - United States - Mississippi
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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North America - United States - New Jersey
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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North America - United States - New York
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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North America - United States - North Carolina
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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North America - United States - Pennsylvania
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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North America - United States - South Carolina
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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North America - United States - Tennessee
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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North America - United States - Texas
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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North America - United States - Virginia
Missouri Botanical Garden  

Physical Description

 
flower color
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white
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
leaf color
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dark green
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
plant height median
Additional detail
60 ft mature
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
plant height max
Additional detail
40 ft base age
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
fruit or seed color
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black
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
wood density
Additional detail
0.42 g/cm³
Global Wood Density Database  
 
growth habit
Additional detail
shrub
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail
shrub
US Forest Service Fire Effects Information Service  
Additional detail
tree
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail
tree
Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History Department of Botany  
Additional detail
tree
US Forest Service Fire Effects Information Service  
 
shape
Additional detail
climbing plant
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
primary growth form
Additional detail
single stem
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
carbon-to-nitrogen ratio
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high (>59)
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
foliage texture
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medium
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  

Ecology

 
frost free days min
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180 days
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
precipitation tolerance min
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40 inch
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
precipitation tolerance max
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80 inch
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
soil depth min
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30 inch
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
low temperature tolerance min
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17 degrees Fahrenheit
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
habitat
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aquatic habitat
Environments - EOL project  
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arenosol
Environments - EOL project  
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bay
Environments - EOL project  
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bay
Environments - EOL project  
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canopy
Environments - EOL project  
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coast
Environments - EOL project  
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coast
Environments - EOL project  
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coastal plain
Environments - EOL project  
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coastal plain
Environments - EOL project  
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coastal plain
Environments - EOL project  
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coastal plain
Environments - EOL project  
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coastal plain
Environments - EOL project  
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cold temperature habitat
Environments - EOL project  
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conifer woodland
Environments - EOL project  
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coniferous forest biome
Environments - EOL project  
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coniferous forest biome
Environments - EOL project  
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cut
Environments - EOL project  
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depression
Environments - EOL project  
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drainage basin
Environments - EOL project  
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drainage basin
Environments - EOL project  
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dune
Environments - EOL project  
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elevation
Environments - EOL project  
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flood plain
Environments - EOL project  
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flood plain
Environments - EOL project  
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flood plain
Environments - EOL project  
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forest
Environments - EOL project  
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forest
Environments - EOL project  
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fresh water
Environments - EOL project  
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grassland
Environments - EOL project  
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ground water
Environments - EOL project  
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hammock
Environments - EOL project  
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hammock
Environments - EOL project  
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histosol
Environments - EOL project  
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island
Environments - EOL project  
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island
Environments - EOL project  
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Large river biome
Environments - EOL project  
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marsh
Environments - EOL project  
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national forest
Environments - EOL project  
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national park
Environments - EOL project  
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national park
Environments - EOL project  
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oceanic zone
Environments - EOL project  
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peat soil
Environments - EOL project  
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peat soil
Environments - EOL project  
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peatland
Environments - EOL project  
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plantation
Environments - EOL project  
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plateau
Environments - EOL project  
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plateau
Environments - EOL project  
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plateau
Environments - EOL project  
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pond
Environments - EOL project  
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pond
Environments - EOL project  
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prairie
Environments - EOL project  
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prairie
Environments - EOL project  
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river
Environments - EOL project  
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sand
Environments - EOL project  
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sand
Environments - EOL project  
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savanna
Environments - EOL project  
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savanna
Environments - EOL project  
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savanna
Environments - EOL project  
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scrubland
Environments - EOL project  
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scrubland
Environments - EOL project  
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scrubland
Environments - EOL project  
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scrubland
Environments - EOL project  
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sea
Environments - EOL project  
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shore
Environments - EOL project  
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slope
Environments - EOL project  
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slope
Environments - EOL project  
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soil
Environments - EOL project  
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soil
Environments - EOL project  
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soil
Environments - EOL project  
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sphagnum bog
Environments - EOL project  
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stream
Environments - EOL project  
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stream
Environments - EOL project  
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stream valley
Environments - EOL project  
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subterrestrial habitat
Environments - EOL project  
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surface water
Environments - EOL project  
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swamp
Environments - EOL project  
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swamp
Environments - EOL project  
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terrace
Environments - EOL project  
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terrace
Environments - EOL project  
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terrestrial biome
Environments - EOL project  
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terrestrial habitat
IUCN  
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water body
Environments - EOL project  
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wetland
Environments - EOL project  
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wetland
Environments - EOL project  
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wetland
Environments - EOL project  
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wetland
Environments - EOL project  
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wetland
Environments - EOL project  
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wetland
Environments - EOL project  
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wood
Environments - EOL project  
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woodland
Environments - EOL project  
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woodland
Environments - EOL project  
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woodland
Environments - EOL project  
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woodland
Environments - EOL project  
 
habitat includes
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non-marine
IRMNG - Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera.  
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non-marine
IRMNG - Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera.  
 
wetland indicator status (NWPL)
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facultative wetland
National Wetland Plant List  
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facultative wetland
National Wetland Plant List  
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facultative wetland
National Wetland Plant List  
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obligate wetland
National Wetland Plant List  
 
interacts with
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elevation measurement
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10 m
Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History Department of Botany  
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5 m
Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History Department of Botany  
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58 m
Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History Department of Botany  
 
fire resistance
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is fire resistant
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
allelopathic effect
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no known allelopathy
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
soil requirements
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adapted to coarse textured soils
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
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adapted to fine textured soils
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
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adapted to medium textured soils
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
anaerobic soil tolerance
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low tolerance
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
drought tolerance
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none
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
calcareous soil tolerance
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none
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
moisture use
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high
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
salt tolerance
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none
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
shade tolerance
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medium (normal)
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  

Life History and Behavior

 
life cycle habit
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perennial
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
shedability
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evergreen
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
bloom period
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summer
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
active growth period
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spring and summer
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
growth rate
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moderate
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
life span
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moderate life span
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
grass growth type
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not a low growing grass
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
resprout ability after clipping
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will resprout
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
germination requirements
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cold stratification required
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
fire tolerance
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none
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
fruit/seed abundance
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medium
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
seed period end
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winter
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
seed period begin
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summer
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
fruit/seed persistence
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fruit/seed is not persistent
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
seeds per pound average
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7,530
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
seed spread rate
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slow
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
seedling survival
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low
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
vegetative spread rate
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none
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  

Physiology and Cell Biology

 
soil pH min
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5
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
soil pH max
Additional detail
6.9
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
nitrogen fixation
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none
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
primary macronutrient requirements
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medium
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  

Conservation

 
population trend
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Stable
IUCN  
 
conservation status
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least concern
IUCN  
 
extinction status
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extant
IRMNG - Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera.  
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extant
IRMNG - Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera.  

Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

 
livestock bloat potential
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none
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
horticulture
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flower is conspicuous
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
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fruit/seed is conspicuous
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
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is not fall conspicuous
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
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suitable for the coppice method of silviculture
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
foliage porosity winter
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moderately porous
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
foliage porosity summer
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moderately porous
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
human/livestock toxicity
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none
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
hedge tolerance
Additional detail
medium (normal)
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
planting density min
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300 per acre
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
planting density max
Additional detail
800 per acre
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
commercial availability
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routinely available
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
plant propagation method
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not propogated by bulbs
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
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not propogated by corms
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
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not propogated by sod
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
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not propogated by sprigs
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
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not propogated by tubers
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
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propogated by bare root
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
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propogated by container
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
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propogated by cuttings
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
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propogated by seed
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
grain type
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is not a small grain
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
uses
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no berries, nuts, seeds, or fruits palatable to humans
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
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not suitable as berry/nut/seed product
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
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not suitable as Christmas tree product
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
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not suitable as lumber product
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
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not suitable as post product
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
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not suitable for naval store products
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
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not used as fodder product
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
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suitable as nursery stock product
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
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suitable as pulpwood product
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
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suitable as veneer product
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
fuelwood suitability
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low
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
browse animal palatability
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high
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
protein potential
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medium
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
not invasive in
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United States (USA)
US Forest Service Fire Effects Information Service  

Other

 
in flower mean
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05-09
Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History Department of Botany  
 
in flower earliest
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04-27
Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History Department of Botany  
 
in flower latest
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05-19
Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History Department of Botany  

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