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The family Xiphocentronidae was established by Ross (1949) for what he considered a very unusual small black caddisfly from Mexico. The family initially included only 3 species, the type species, Xiphocentron bilimeki Brauer, and 2 new species described by Ross, 1 from Mexico and the other from China, the latter now placed in Melanotrichia. As currently defined, Xiphocentronidae is a small family of 7 genera, including Abaria Mosely (ca. 20 species from the Oriental and Afrotropical regions), Cnodocentron Schmid (12 species from the southwestern USA to northern South America, as well as India and Southeast Asia), Drepanocentron Schmid (ca. 30 species from India, Malaysia, and the Philippines), Machairocentron Schmid (5 species from Central America and northern South America), Melanotrichia Ulmer (ca. 30 species from the eastern Palaearctic and Oriental regions), Proxiphocentron Schmid (3 species from India and Southeast Asia), and Xiphocentron Brauer (ca. 45 species widespread in the Neotropical region, extending into Mexico, the southwestern USA, and the Greater Antilles). (From Holzenthal et al. 2007).


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