Overview

Comprehensive Description

Miscellaneous Details

Notes: Semi- evergreen & Moist Deciduous Forests
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Brief

Flowering class: Dicot Habit: Shrub
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Description

Usually a much-branched semi-scandent shrub, rarely a small tree. Leaves ovate-oblong to elliptic, produced on short lateral branchlets, giving the impression of compound leaves. Flowers in clusters on short axillary branchlets, small, yellowish, sexes separate on the same plant, flowering before or with the new leaves. The flowering shoots and pedicels are covered in short, velvety hairs. Fruit berry-like, blackish when ripe.
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Distribution

"Found in scrub jungles, river banks and fences from plains to 500m. Rare. Tropical Africa, India, Sri Lanka, S.E.Asia, S.China and Malesia."
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"
Global Distribution

Paleotropics

Indian distribution

State - Kerala, District/s: All Districts

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"Maharashtra: Ahemdnagar, Dhule, Nasik, Pune Kerala: All districts Tamil Nadu: All districts"
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Distribution in Egypt

Gebel Elba.

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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Phyllanthus reticulatus Poir.:
Bhutan (Asia)
Cambodia (Asia)
Gabon (Africa & Madagascar)
India (Asia)
Laos (Asia)
Nepal (Asia)
Philippines (Asia)
Sri Lanka (Asia)
Thailand (Asia)
Vietnam (Asia)
South Africa (Africa & Madagascar)
China (Asia)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan [Bhutan, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Nepal, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam; W Africa, NE Australia].
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Worldwide distribution

Almost throughout the Paleotropics.
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Tropical Africa, India, Himalaya (Kumaun to Sikkim), Ceylon, S.E. Asia, S. China, Malaysia.
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Physical Description

Morphology

"
Flower

In axillary fascicles, small, pendulous; reddish. Flowering throughout the year.

Fruit

A globose berry; dark blue. Fruiting throughout the year.

Leaf Arrangement

Alternate -distichous

Leaf Type

Simple

Leaf Shape

Oblong-elliptic

Leaf Apex

Acute

Leaf Base

Acute

Leaf Margin

Entire

"
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Description

Shrubs to 4 m tall, monoecious; branches brownish; young branchlets, leaves, and pedicels yellowish pubescent or puberulent or glabrous. Stipules subulate-lanceolate, brown, 1-3 mm, hard and spiny when dry; petiole 2-5 mm; leaf blade varying in shape, mostly elliptic to ovate, 1-5(-6.5) × 0.7-3 cm, membranous to papery, base obtuse to rounded, apex acute or obtuse to rounded; lateral veins 5-7 pairs, usually prominent on both surfaces. Inflorescence an axillary fascicle, rarely a cyme, with 2-10 male and 1 or 2 female flowers. Male flowers: pedicels delicate, 5-10 mm; sepals 5 or 6, in 2 series, ovate or obovate, unequal, 0.7-1.5 × 0.5-1.2 mm, entire; disk glands 5, scalelike, ca. 0.5 mm wide; stamens 5, erect, 3 with longer filaments coherent in a central column, 2 with shorter filaments, free; anthers triangular, longitudinally dehiscent. Female flowers: pedicels 4-8 mm, delicate; sepals 5 or 6, in 2 series, unequal, broadly ovate, 1-1.6 × 0.9-1.2 mm, puberulent inside at base; disk glands 5 or 6, oblong or obovate; ovary 4-12-celled, smooth; styles free, bifid at apex, lobes linear, revolute and connivent over top of ovary. Fruit a berry, globose to oblate, 4-6 mm wide, black and dark purplish at maturity, 4-12-celled, 8-16-seeded. Seeds trigonous, 1.6-2 mm, brown. Fl. Mar-Jun, fr. Jun-Oct. x = 13.
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Elevation Range

400-760 m
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Diagnostic Description

Diagnostic

"Habit: A scandent, bushy shrub, upto 3m."
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Diagnostic

"Scandent shrubs; branches pubescent. Leaves 1.5-2 x 1-1.5 cm, elliptic, base acute, apex acute or obtuse, glabrous; stipules lanceolate, often spinescent; petiole to 2 mm long. Male flowers in axillary fascicles; tepals 5, unequal, obovate, imbricate; stamens 5, outer 2-3 free, inner connate. Female flowers solitary; tepals 5, shortly connate, obovate, valvate, margin scarious; ovary globose, 5-12-locular; styles 3, bifid. Fruits 5-7 mm across, globose, black, 8-10-seeded. Seeds trigonous."
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Diagnostic

Habit: Shrub
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Synonym

Cicca microcarpa Bentham ; C. reticulata (Poiret) Kurz; Glochidion microphyllum Ridley; Kirganelia multiflora Baillon; K. reticulata (Poiret) Baillon; K. sinensis Baillon; Phyllanthus dalbergioides Wallich ex J. J. Smith; P. erythrocarpus Ridley; P. microcarpus (Bentham) Müller Argoviensis; P. multiflorus Poiret; P. multiflorus Willdenow (1805), not Poiret (1804); P. reticulatus var. glaber Müller Argoviensis; P. sinensis Müller Argoviensis; P. takaoensis Hayata.
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Ecology

Habitat

General Habitat

"Stream banks, lake shores and also in moist deciduous and semi-evergreen forests"
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Open forests, scrub; 200-800 m.
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Population Biology

Frequency

Frequent
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Life History and Behavior

Cyclicity

Flowering and fruiting: August-December
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Life Expectancy

Perennial.

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Phyllanthus reticulatus

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Phyllanthus reticulatus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 2
Specimens with Barcodes: 4
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Uses

Fruits edible.
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Notes

Comments

Glabrous plants have been recognized as var. glaber , but such forms occur sporadically throughout the range of the species and are of dubious taxonomic value.
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