The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information Kew 1931: 476. 1931. (Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew)
  • Flora Neotropica 52: 362–364, f. 78F–J. 1990. (26 Apr 1990) (Fl. Neotrop.)
  • Forzza, R. C. 2010. Lista de espécies Flora do Brasil Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro.
  • Funk, V. A., P. E. Berry, S. Alexander, T. H. Hollowell & C. L. Kelloff. 2007. Checklist of the Plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 55: 1–584.
  • Govaerts R. (ed). For a full list of reviewers see: (2015). WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (version Sep 2014). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Hokche, O., P. E. Berry & O. Huber. (eds.) 2008. Nuevo Cat. Fl. Vasc. Venez. 1–860. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela, Caracas.
  • Isotype: Sandwith, N. Y. 1931. Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew. 1931: 476.
  • Pennington, T. D. 1990. Sapotaceae. Fl. Neotrop. 52: 1–771.
  • Steyermark, J. A. 1995. Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Project.
  • T.D.Penn. 1990. In: Fl. Neotrop. Monogr. 52: 362


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