Overview

Comprehensive Description

Miscellaneous Details

Notes: Cultivated in homesteads. Native of Central & Tropical America
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Distribution

Kerala: All districts
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Lucuma heyderi Standl.:
Belize (Mesoamerica)
Honduras (Mesoamerica)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Pouteria mante Lundell:
Mexico (Mesoamerica)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Lucuma laeteviridis Pittier:
Guatemala (Mesoamerica)
Mexico (Mesoamerica)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Lucuma nervosa A. DC.:
United States (North America)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Lucuma glabrifolia Pittier:
Panama (Mesoamerica)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Pouteria campechiana (Kunth) Baehni:
Belize (Mesoamerica)
Costa Rica (Mesoamerica)
El Salvador (Mesoamerica)
Guatemala (Mesoamerica)
Honduras (Mesoamerica)
Mexico (Mesoamerica)
United States (North America)
Panama (Mesoamerica)
Brazil (South America)
Caribbean (Caribbean)
Nicaragua (Mesoamerica)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Lucuma salicifolia Kunth:
Mexico (Mesoamerica)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Lucuma palmeri Fernald:
Mexico (Mesoamerica)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Lucuma campechiana Kunth:
Mexico (Mesoamerica)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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National Distribution

United States

Origin: Exotic

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

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Global Range: Jalisco and Veracruz, Mexico through Central America to Panama. Cultivated and naturalized in Florida, Cuba, and elsewhere.this species probably originated in Central America, tropical forest of Mexico.

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Physical Description

Diagnostic Description

Diagnostic

Habit: Small tree
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Type Information

Isotype for Lucuma glabrifolia Pittier
Catalog Number: US 1083025
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Original publication and alleged type specimen examined
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): H. F. Pittier
Year Collected: 1914
Locality: Pinogana., Darién, Panama, Central America
  • Isotype: Pittier, H. F. 1922. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 20: 481.
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Possible holotype for Lucuma glabrifolia Pittier
Catalog Number: US 1083093
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Original publication and alleged type specimen examined
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): H. F. Pittier
Year Collected: 1914
Locality: Pinogana., Darién, Panama, Central America
  • Possible holotype: Pittier, H. F. 1922. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 20: 481.
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Holotype for Lucuma laeteviridis Pittier
Catalog Number: US 1012336
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Original publication and alleged type specimen examined
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): H. F. Pittier
Year Collected: 1919
Locality: Las Playitas., Izabal, Guatemala, Central America
  • Holotype: Pittier, H. F. 1922. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 20: 482.
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Isotype for Lucuma palmeri Fernald
Catalog Number: US 259099
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Original publication and alleged type specimen examined
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): E. Palmer
Year Collected: 1895
Locality: Acapulco., Guerrero, Mexico, North America
  • Isotype: Fernald, M. L. 1897. Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts. 33: 87.
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Isotype for Sideroxylon campestre Brandegee
Catalog Number: US 1013986
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Card file verified by examination of original publication
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): C. A. Purpus
Year Collected: 1920
Locality: Zacuapan., Veracruz, Mexico, North America
  • Isotype: Brandegee, T. S. 1920. Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 7: 329.
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Holotype for Lucuma heyderi Standl.
Catalog Number: US 1315539
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Original publication and alleged type specimen examined
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): H. Heyder
Year Collected: 1927
Locality: Belize, Central America
  • Holotype: Standley, P. C. 1927. Trop. Woods. 11: 22.
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Ecology

Habitat

Comments: Tropical rain forest, seasonal semideciduous forest, oak forest, pine forest, seasonal semi-evergreen forest dominated by Manilkara Zapota and Brosimum alicastrum, sea cliffs and dunes.

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Population Biology

Number of Occurrences

Note: For many non-migratory species, occurrences are roughly equivalent to populations.

Estimated Number of Occurrences: 81 to >300

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Life History and Behavior

Life Cycle

Persistence: PERENNIAL, Long-lived

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Pouteria campechiana

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 3
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNA - Not Applicable

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: GNR - Not Yet Ranked

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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Economic Uses

Uses: FOOD, Fruit, FIBER, Building materials/timber, OTHER USES/PRODUCTS

Production Methods: Cultivated, Wild-harvested

Comments: The fruit is edible but not particularly palatable. The juice makes a type of chicle. The timber is of good quality for strong construction and the more deeply colored kinds are highly resistant to decay (Mills 1957).

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Wikipedia

Pouteria campechiana

Canistel
Nutritional value per serving
Serving size100 g
Energy138.8 kcal (581 kJ)
Carbohydrates36.69 g
- Dietary fiber.10 g
Fat.13 g
Protein1.68 g
Thiamine (vit. B1).17 mg (15%)
Riboflavin (vit. B2).01 mg (1%)
Niacin (vit. B3)3.72 mg (25%)
Vitamin C58.1 mg (70%)
Calcium26.5 mg (3%)
Iron.92 mg (7%)
Phosphorus37.3 mg (5%)
Source: Laboratorio FIM de Nutricion in Havana[2]


The canistel (Pouteria campechiana) is an evergreen tree native to southern Mexico and Central America.[3] It is cultivated in other countries, such as Brazil, Taiwan, and Vietnam for its fruit.

The canistel grows up to 10 meters (33 ft) high, and produces orange-yellow fruit, also called yellow sapote, up to 7 centimeters (2.8 in) long, which are edible raw. Canistel flesh is sweet, with a texture often compared to that of a hard-boiled egg yolk, hence its colloquial name "eggfruit". It is closely related to the Mamey sapote and abiu.

Fruit description[edit]

The shape and size of the fruit is highly variable, depending on the cultivar. The better selections consistently produce large ovate fruit with glossy skin weighing upwards of 14 ounces. The flesh is somewhat pasty, although the best varieties have a creamy mousse-like texture. The flavor is rich and is reminiscent of an egg-custard.[4] The fruit may contain between one and six large brown seeds.

The canistel displays climacteric fruit ripening. A fully mature fruit shows an intense yellow skin color. It will eventually soften and drop from the tree. Insects and birds avoid the fruit flesh, perhaps because of its astringent properties, that are much reduced in senescent fruits, but still perceptible to the human palate. Apparently mature fruits severed from the tree while still hard often fail to develop the desired climacteric changes in terms of reduced astringency and a texture reminiscent of egg yolk. This, and the fact that climacteric fruits quickly start to decay at ambient temperatures, may have contributed to the low economic importance of the canistel.

Uses[edit]

As the related lucuma, the canistel can be eaten out of hand. The ripe fruit has been made into jam, marmalade, pancakes, and flour.[5] The ripe flesh is blended with milk and other ingredients to make a shake, and pureed it is sometimes added to custards or used in making ice cream.[2]

The wood of the tree is occasionally used in construction where it is available, especially as planks or rafters. In its native range, it has been a source of latex used to adulterate chicle.[2]


Etymology[edit]

P. campechiana fruits.

Its binomial name is derived from the Mexican town of Campeche, where it is native.

In the numerous countries where it is cultivated or sold, it is known by many vernacular names; canistel is common, as are variations on egg-fruit and names referring to its yellow color.[6] In the Philippines it is called chesa or tiessa or tiesa. In Sri Lanka this fruit is known as Laulu, Lavulu or Lawalu.[5] In Thailand it is known by different traditional popular names such as Lamut Khamen (ละมุดเขมร="Khmer Sapodilla") or Tho Khamen (ท้อเขมร="Khmer Peach"), attributing a hypothetical Cambodian origin to this fruit (the name of the fruit is See Da in Cambodia).[7] Currently those names are officially discouraged and the name Mon Khai (ม่อนไข่), Tiesa (ทิสซา), Khai meaning "egg", is favored.[8]

The plant's name in the Vietnamese language is cây trứng gà ("chicken egg" plant) because of the fruit's appearance. It also has the Vietnamese name lekima. This is unusual because Vietnamese is a tonal, isolating language whose morphemes all consist of a single syllable. It appears that this name derives from the word lucuma.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Pouteria campechiana". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2014-02-26. 
  2. ^ a b c Julia F. Morton (1987). "Canistel". Fruits of Warm Climates. pp. 402–405. Retrieved 2010-09-24. 
  3. ^ "Pouteria campechiana". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2009-01-29. 
  4. ^ Charles Boning (2006). Florida's Best Fruiting Plants: Native and Exotic Trees, Shrubs, and Vines. Sarasota, Florida: Pineapple Press, Inc. p. 53. 
  5. ^ a b D.K.N.G. Pushpakumara (2007). "Lavulu". Underutilized fruit trees in Sri Lanka. World Agroforestry Centre, South Asia Office, New Delhi, India. 
  6. ^ Tong Kwee Lim (15 February 2013). Edible Medicinal And Non-Medicinal Plants: Volume 6, Fruits. Springer. p. 134. ISBN 978-94-007-5628-1. 
  7. ^ มีเมล็ดละมุดเขมรหรือเซียนท้อจำหน่าย
  8. ^ 7 Health Benefits of Canistel
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Names and Taxonomy

Taxonomy

Comments: Recorded as Lucuma campechiana HBK by Mills, 1957 (B57MIL0100LA).

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