The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Anonymous. 1986. List-Based Rec., Soil Conserv. Serv., U.S.D.A. Database of the U.S.D.A., Beltsville.
  • Der Gesellsschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin, neue Schriften 3: 396. 1801. (Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin Neue Schriften)
  • Fernald, M. 1950. Manual (ed. 8) i–lxiv, 1–1632. American Book Co., New York.
  • Gleason, H. A. & A.J. Cronquist. 1991. Man. Vasc. Pl. N.E. U.S. (ed. 2) i–910. New York Botanical Garden, Bronx.
  • Godfrey, R. K. & J. W. Wooten. 1981. Aquatic Wetland Pl. S.E. U.S. Dicot. 1–944. Univ. Georgia Press, Athens.
  • Govaerts R. (ed). For a full list of reviewers see: (2015). WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (version Sep 2014). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Great Plains Flora Association. 1986. Fl. Great Plains i–vii, 1–1392. University Press of Kansas, Lawrence.
  • Holotype: Muller, C. H. 1942. Amer. Midl. Naturalist. 27: 473.
  • Image metadata at Bioimages ( External link.
  • Radford, A. E., H. E. Ahles & C. R. Bell. 1968. Man. Vasc. Fl. Carolinas i–lxi, 1–1183. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill.
  • Schwegman, J. E. 1991. The Vascular Flora of Langham Island, Kankakee County, Illinois. Erigenia 11: 1–8.
  • Small, J. K. 1933. Man. S.E. Fl. i–xxii, 1–1554. Published by the Author, New York.
  • Willd. 1801. In: Neue Schriften Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin 3: 396
    1. Bray, J. R. 1960. A note on hybridization between Quercus  macrocarpa Michx. x Quercus bicolor Willd. in Wisconsin.  Canadian Journal of Botany 38(5):701-704.
    3. Bryant, Robert Louis. 1963. The lowland hardwood forests of  Ingham County, Michigan. Their structure and ecology. Thesis  (Ph.D.), Michigan State University, East Lansing.  Dissertation Abstracts 25(2):728.
    5. Bryant, W. W. 1978. An unusual forest type hydro-mesophytic  for the inner blue grass region of Kentucky, USA. Castanea  43(2):129-137.
    7. Clark, F. Bryan. 1965. Swamp white oak Quercus  bicolor Willd.). In Silvics of forest trees of the  United States. p. 625-627. H. A. Fowells, comp. U.S.  Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 271.  Washington, DC.
    9. Curtis, John T. 1959. The vegetation of Wisconsin. The  University of Wisconsin Press, Madison. 657 p.
    11. Eyre, F. H., ed. 1980. Forest cover types of the United  States and Canada. Society of American Foresters,  Washington, DC. 148 p.
    13. Hepting, George H. 1971. Diseases of forest and shade trees  of the United States. U.S. Department of Agriculture,  Agriculture Handbook 386. Washington, DC. 658 p.
    15. Johnson, Paul S. 1967. Vegetational developments after  logging in southern Michigan lowland hardwood forests.  Unpublished report. North Central Forest Experiment Station,  Columbia, MO.
    17. Martin, A. C., H. S. Zim, and A. L. Nelson. 1951. American  wildlife and plants. McGraw-Hill, New York. 500 p.
    19. Olson, David F., Jr. 1974. Quercus L. Oaks. In Seeds  of woody plants in the United States. p. 692-703. C. S.  Schopmeyer, tech. coord. U.S. Department of Agriculture,  Agriculture Handbook 450. Washington, DC.
    21. Thomson, P. M. 1977. Quercus-Introgressa sexual hybrid, a  new hybrid oak. Rhodora 79(819):453-464.


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