IUCN threat status:

Vulnerable (VU)

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Quercus costaricensis is an oak tree species endemic to the Talamancan montane forests of Panama and Costa Rica. In fact Q. costaricensis is dominant along with Myrsine pittieri at the highest elevation dwarf forest at altitudes approximately 3100 metres; it is also dominant with Q. copeyensis at the next lower forest belt.

At altitudes even higher than 3100 metres, the Q. costaricensis specimens become highly contorted, gnarled and severely dwarfed as the ecosystem gives way to a paramo, or high altitude tropical wasteland, dominated by bogs, grasslands and screes.

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Supplier: C. Michael Hogan

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