The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Anonymous. 1986. List-Based Rec., Soil Conserv. Serv., U.S.D.A. Database of the U.S.D.A., Beltsville.
  • Fernald, M. 1950. Manual (ed. 8) i–lxiv, 1–1632. American Book Co., New York.
  • Gleason, H. A. & A.J. Cronquist. 1991. Man. Vasc. Pl. N.E. U.S. (ed. 2) i–910. New York Botanical Garden, Bronx.
  • Govaerts R. (ed). For a full list of reviewers see: (2015). WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (version Sep 2014). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Great Plains Flora Association. 1986. Fl. Great Plains i–vii, 1–1392. University Press of Kansas, Lawrence.
  • Image metadata at Bioimages ( External link.
  • L. 1753. In: Sp. Pl. : 996
  • Marticorena C & R Rodríguez . 1995-2005. Flora de Chile. Vols 1, 2(1-3). Ed. Universidad de Concepción, Concepción. 351 pp., 99 pp., 93 pp., 128 pp. Matthei O. 1995. Manual de las malezas que crecen en Chile. Alfabeta Impresores. 545 p.
  • N.A. Sylva 1: 98, pl. 26. 1817. (N.A. Sylva)
  • Quercus rubra
  • Radford, A. E., H. E. Ahles & C. R. Bell. 1968. Man. Vasc. Fl. Carolinas i–lxi, 1–1183. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill.
  • Schwegman, J. E. 1991. The Vascular Flora of Langham Island, Kankakee County, Illinois. Erigenia 11: 1–8.
  • Small, J. K. 1933. Man. S.E. Fl. i–xxii, 1–1554. Published by the Author, New York.
  • Sork, V. - L., Bramble J., & Sexton O. (1993). Ecology of mast-fruiting in three species of North American deciduous oaks. Ecology. 74(2), 528-541.
  • Sork, V. - L., Stowe K. - A., & Hochwender C. (1993). Evidence for local adaptation in closely adjacent subpopulations of northern Red Oak (Quercus rubra L.) expressed as resistance to leaf herbivores. American Naturalist. 142(6), 928-936.
  • Species Plantarum 2: 996. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.)
    1. Arend, J. L., and H. F. Scholz. 1969. Oak forests of the  Lake States and their management. USDA Forest Service,  Research Paper NC-31. North Central Forest Experiment  Station, St. Paul, AIN. 36 p.
    3. Auchmoody, L. R., and H. C. Smith. 1979. Oak soil-site  relationships in northwestern West Virginia. USDA Forest  Service, Research Paper NE-434. Northeastern Forest  Experiment Station, Broomall, PA. 27 p.
    5. Baker, Whiteford L. 1972. Eastern forest insects. U.S.  Department of Agriculture, Miscellaneous Publication 1175.  Washington, DC. 642 p.
    7. Beck, D. E. 1970. Effect of competition on survival and  height growth of red oak seedlings. USDA Forest Service,  Research Paper SE-56. Southeastern Forest Experiment  Station, Asheville, NC. 7 p.
    9. Braun, E. Lucy. 1950. Deciduous forests of eastern North  America. Blakiston, Philadelphia, PA. 596 p.
    11. Eyre, F. H., ed. 1980. Forest cover types of the United  States and Canada. Society of American Foresters,  Washington, DC. 148 p.
    13. Gibson, Lester P. 1982. Insects that damage northern red oak  acorns. USDA Forest Service, Research Paper NE-492.  Northeastern Forest Experiment Station, Broomall, PA. 6 p. 
    15. Gingrich, Samuel F. 1967. Measuring and evaluating stocking  and stand density in upland central hardwood forests in the  Central States. Forest Science 13(l):38-53.
    17. Gingrich, Samuel F. 1971. Management of young and  intermediate stands of upland hardwoods. USDA Forest  Service, Research Paper NE-195. Northeastern Forest  Experiment Station, Broomall, PA. 26 p.
    19. Graney, D. L. 1980. Personal communication. USDA Forest  Service, Fayetteville, AR.
    21. Graney, D. L. 1987. Ten-year growth of red and white oak  crop trees following thinning and fertilization in the  Boston Mountains of Arkansas. In Proceedings of the fourth  biennial Southern Silvicultural research conference. p.  445-450. USDA Forest Service, General Technical Report  SE-42. Southeastern Forest Experiment Station, Asheville,  NC.
    23. Hepting, George H. 1971. Diseases of forest and shade trees  of the United States. U.S. Department of Agriculture,  Agriculture Handbook 386. Washington, DC. 658 p. 
    25. Johnson, Paul S. 1974. Survival and growth of northern red  oak seedlings following a prescribed burn. USDA Forest  Service, Research Note NC-177. North Central Forest  Experiment Station, St. Paul, MN. 3 p.
    27. Johnson, Paul S. 1975. Growth and structural development of  red oak sprout clumps. Forest Science 21(4):413-418.
    29. Kriebel, H. B., W. T. Bagley, F. J. Deneke, and others.  1976. Geographic variation in Quercus rubra in North  Central United States plantations. Silvae Genetica  25:118-122.
    31. Little, Elbert L., Jr. 1971. Atlas of United States trees,  vol.l. Conifers and important hardwoods. U.S. Department of  Agriculture, Miscellaneous Publication 1146. Washington, DC.  9 p., 313 maps.
    33. Little, Elbert L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States  trees (native and naturalized). U.S. Department of  Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 541. Washington, DC. 375  p.
    35. Marquis, D. A. 1981. Personal correspondence. USDA Forest  Service, Warren, PA.
    37. Marquis, D. A., P. L. Eckert, and B. A. Roach. 1976. Acorn  weevils, rodents, and deer all contribute to oak-  regeneration difficulties in Pennsylvania. USDA Forest  Service, Research Paper NE-356. Northeastern Forest  Experiment Station, Broomall, PA 5 p.
    39. McGee, C. E. 1968. Northern red oak seedlings growth  varies by light intensity and seed source. USDA Forest  Service, Research Note SE-90. Southeastern Forest Experiment  Station, Asheville, NC. 4 p.
    41. Phares, Robert E. 1971. Growth of red oak (Quercus rubra  L.) seedlings in relation to light and nutrients.  Ecology 52:669-672.
    43. Reich, P. B., R. 0. Teshey, P, S. Johnson, and T. M.  Hinckley. 1980. Periodic root and shoot growth in oak.  Forest Science 26(4):590-598.
    45. Rexroad, Charles 0., and Thomas W. Jones. 1970. Oak bark  beetles-important vectors of oak wilt. Journal of Forestry  68(5):194-297.
    47. Sander, Ivan L. 1965. Northern red oak Quercus rubra L.). In  Silvics of forest trees of the United States. p.  588-592. H. A. Fowells, comp. U.S. Department of  Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 271. Washington, DC.
    49. Sander, Ivan L. 1971. Height growth of new oak sprouts  depends on size of advance reproduction. Journal of Forestry  69(11):809-811.
    51. Sander, Ivan L. 1972. Size of oak advance reproduction: key  to growth following harvest cutting. USDA Forest Service,  Research Paper NC-79. North Central Forest Experiment  Station, St. Paul, MN. 6 p.
    53. Sander, Ivan L. 1977. Manager's handbook for oaks in the  North Central States. USDA Forest Service, General Technical  Report NC-37. North Central Forest Experiment Station, St.  Paul, MN. 35 p.
    55. Sander, Ivan L. 1979. Regenerating oaks with the shelterwood  system. In Proceedings, Regenerating Oaks in Upland Hardwood  Forests. John S. Wright Forestry Conference. p. 54-60.  Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN.
    57. Sander, Ivan L., and F. Bryan Clark. 1971. Reproduction of  upland hardwood forests in the Central States. U . S.  Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 405.  Washington, DC. 25 p.
    59. Schopmeyer, C. S., tech. coord. 1974. Seeds of woody plants  in the United States. U.S. Department of Agriculture,  Agriculture Handbook 450. Washington, DC. 883 p.
    61. Seidel, Kenneth W. 1972. Drought resistance and internal  water balance of oak seedlings. Forest Science 18(l):34-40. 
    63. Trimble, G. R., Jr. 1969. Diameter growth of individual  hardwood trees. USDA Forest Service, Research Paper NE-145.  Northeastern Forest Experiment Station, Broomall, PA. 25 p. 
    65. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service.  1975. Soil taxonomy: a basic system of soil classification  for making and interpreting soil surveys. Soil Survey Staff,  coord. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook  436. Washington, DC. 754 p.


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