The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Anonymous. 1986. List-Based Rec., Soil Conserv. Serv., U.S.D.A. Database of the U.S.D.A., Beltsville.
  • Buckley. 1861. In: Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 12: 444
  • CONABIO. 2009. Catálogo taxonómico de especies de México. 1. In Capital Nat. México. CONABIO, Mexico City.
  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Man. Vasc. Pl. Texas i–xv, 1–1881. The University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson.
  • Fernald, M. 1950. Manual (ed. 8) i–lxiv, 1–1632. American Book Co., New York.
  • Gleason, H. A. & A.J. Cronquist. 1991. Man. Vasc. Pl. N.E. U.S. (ed. 2) i–910. New York Botanical Garden, Bronx.
  • Govaerts R. (ed). For a full list of reviewers see: (2015). WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (version Sep 2014). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Great Plains Flora Association. 1986. Fl. Great Plains i–vii, 1–1392. University Press of Kansas, Lawrence.
  • Image metadata at Bioimages ( External link.
  • Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 12: 444. 1860[1861]. (Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia)
  • Radford, A. E., H. E. Ahles & C. R. Bell. 1968. Man. Vasc. Fl. Carolinas i–lxi, 1–1183. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill.
  • Small, J. K. 1933. Man. S.E. Fl. i–xxii, 1–1554. Published by the Author, New York.
  • Wunderlin, R. P. 1998. Guide Vasc. Pl. Florida i–x, 1–806. University Press of Florida, Gainesville.
    1. Eyre, F. H., ed. 1980. Forest cover types of the United  States and Canada. Society of American Foresters,  Washington, DC. 148 p,
    3. Hook, Donal D., and Jack Stubbs. 1965. Selective cutting and  reproduction of cherrybark and Shumard oaks. Journal of  Forestry 63(12):927-929.
    5. Hook, Donal D., and Jack Stubbs. 1967. An observation of  understory growth retardation under three species of oaks.  USDA Forest Service, Research Note SE-70. Southeastern  Forest Experiment Station, Asheville, NC. 7 p.
    7. Little, Elbert L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States  trees (native and naturalized). U.S. Department of  Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 541. Washington, DC. 375  p.
    9. Maisenhelder, Louis C. 1969. Identifying juvenile seedlings  in southern hardwood forests. USDA Forest Service, Research  Paper SO-47. Southern Forest Experiment Station, New  Orleans, LA. 77 p.
    11. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. 1976.  Hardwood distribution on pine sites in the South. USDA  Forest Service, Resource Bulletin SO-59. Southern Forest  Experiment Station, New Orleans, LA. 27 p.
    13. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. 1965.  Silvics of forest trees of the United States. H. A. Fowells,  comp. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook  271. Washington, DC. 762 p.
    15. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. 1974. Seeds  of woody plants in the United States. C. S. Schopmeyer,  tech. coord. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agriculture  Handbook 450. Washington, DC. 883 p.


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