The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Anonymous. 1986. List-Based Rec., Soil Conserv. Serv., U.S.D.A. Database of the U.S.D.A., Beltsville.
  • Beschreibung einiger Nordamericanischen Holz-und Buscharten 78, pl. 6, f. 15. 1787. (Beschr. Nordamer. Holz-Buschart.)
  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Man. Vasc. Pl. Texas i–xv, 1–1881. The University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson.
  • Fernald, M. 1950. Manual (ed. 8) i–lxiv, 1–1632. American Book Co., New York.
  • Gleason, H. A. & A.J. Cronquist. 1991. Man. Vasc. Pl. N.E. U.S. (ed. 2) i–910. New York Botanical Garden, Bronx.
  • Govaerts R. (ed). For a full list of reviewers see: (2015). WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (version Sep 2014). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Great Plains Flora Association. 1986. Fl. Great Plains i–vii, 1–1392. University Press of Kansas, Lawrence.
  • Image metadata at Bioimages ( External link.
  • Radford, A. E., H. E. Ahles & C. R. Bell. 1968. Man. Vasc. Fl. Carolinas i–lxi, 1–1183. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill.
  • Small, J. K. 1933. Man. S.E. Fl. i–xxii, 1–1554. Published by the Author, New York.
  • Thornhill, Robert, Krings, Alexander, Lindbo, David, Stucky, Jon (2014): Guide to the Vascular Flora of the Savannas and Flatwoods of Shaken Creek Preserve and Vicinity (Pender & Onslow Counties, North Carolina, U. S. A.). Biodiversity Data Journal 2, 1099: 1099-1099, URL:
  • Wangenh. 1787. In: Beytr. Teut. Forstwiss. : 78
  • Wunderlin, R. P. 1998. Guide Vasc. Pl. Florida i–x, 1–806. University Press of Florida, Gainesville.
    1. Baker, Whiteford L. 1972. Eastern forest insects. U.S.  Department of Agriculture, Forest Service Miscellaneous  Publication 1175. Washing-ton, DC. 642 p.
    3. Bray, W. L. 1904. Forest resources of Texas. U.S.  Department of Agriculture Bureau of Forestry, Bulletin 47.  Washington, DC. 71 p.
    5. Coile, T. S. 1937. Distribution of forest tree roots in  North Carolina Piedmont soils. Journal of Forestry  35:247-257.
    7. Eyre, F. H., ed. 1980. Forest cover types of the United  States and Canada. Society of American Foresters,  Washing-ton, DC. 148 p.
    9. Goodrum, P. D., V. H. Reid, and C. E. Boyd. 1971. Acorn  yields, characteristics, and management criteria of oaks for  wildlife. Journal of Wildlife Management 35:520-532.
    11. Hall, T. F., W. T. Penfound, and A. D. Hess. 1946. Water  level relationships of plants in the Tennessee Valley with  particular reference to malarial control. Journal Tennessee  Academy of Science 21:18-59.
    13. Halls, Lowell K. 1977. Southern fruit producing  plants used by wildlife. USDA Forest Service, General  Technical Report SO-16. Southern Forest Experiment  Station, New Orleans, LA. 235 p.
    15. Hepting, George H. 1971. Diseases of forest and shade trees  of the United States. U.S. Department of Agriculture,  Agriculture Handbook 386. Washington, DC. 658 p. 
    17. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United  States and Canada. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ. 625  p.
    19. Little, Elbert L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States  trees (native and naturalized). U.S. Department of  Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 541. Washington, DC. 375  p.
    21. Martin, A. C., H. Zim, and A. L. Nelson. 1951. American  wildlife and plants. McGraw-Hill, New York. 500 p.
    23. Mignery, Arnold L. 1965. Post oak (Quercus stellata  Wangenh.). In Silvics of forest trees of the United States.  p. 607-610. H. A. Fowells, comp. U.S. Department of  Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 271. Washington, DC. 
    25. Seidel, Kenneth W. 1972. Drought resistance and internal  water balance of oak seedlings. Forest Science 18:34-40. 
    27. Solomon, J. D., F. 1. McCracken, R. L. Anderson, and others.  1980. Oak pests: a guide to major insects, diseases, air  pollution and chemical injury. USDA Forest Service, General  Report SA-GR 11. Southeastern Area State and Private  Forestry, Atlanta, GA. 69 p.
    29. U.S. Department of Agriculture. 1941. Climate and man. U.S.  Department of Agriculture, Yearbook of Agriculture 1941.  Washington, DC. 1248 p.
    31. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. 1974. Wood  handbook: wood as an engineering material. Rev. U.S.  Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 72.  Washington, DC. 433 p.
    33. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. 1974. Seeds  of woody plants in the United States. C. S. Schopmeyer,  tech. coord. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agriculture  Handbook 450. Washington, DC. 883 p.
    35. Vines, Robert A. 1960. Trees, shrubs, and woody vines of the  Southwest. University of Texas Press, Austin. 1104 p.
    37. Whitcomb, C. E. 1978. Know it and grow it: a guide to the  identification and use of landscape plants in the Southern  States. 3d rev. ed. Oil Capital Printing, Tulsa, OK. 500 p. 


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