The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Anonymous. 1986. List-Based Rec., Soil Conserv. Serv., U.S.D.A. Database of the U.S.D.A., Beltsville.
  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Man. Vasc. Pl. Texas i–xv, 1–1881. The University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson.
  • Encyclopédie Méthodique, Botanique 1(2): 721. 1785. (Encycl.)
  • Fernald, M. 1950. Manual (ed. 8) i–lxiv, 1–1632. American Book Co., New York.
  • Gleason, H. A. & A.J. Cronquist. 1991. Man. Vasc. Pl. N.E. U.S. (ed. 2) i–910. New York Botanical Garden, Bronx.
  • Govaerts R. (ed). For a full list of reviewers see: (2015). WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (version Sep 2014). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Great Plains Flora Association. 1986. Fl. Great Plains i–vii, 1–1392. University Press of Kansas, Lawrence.
  • Hipp, A. L., & Weber J. A. (2008). Taxonomy of Hill's Oak (Quercus ellipsoidalis: Fagaceae): Evidence from AFLP Data. Systematic Botany. 33, 148-158.
  • Hipp, A. L., Weber J. A., & Srivastava A. (In Press). Who am I this time? The affinities and misbehaviors of Hill's oak (Quercus ellipsoidalis).. International Oak Journal.
  • Hultman, E. G. (1978). Trees, Shrubs and Flowers of the Midwest. 324. Chicago: Contemporary Books, Inc..
  • Kartesz, J. T., & Biota_of_North_America_Program (2009). USDA PLANTS Profile: Quercus velutina Lam., Black Oak.
  • Lam. 1785. In: Encycl. 1: 721
  • Marticorena C & R Rodríguez . 1995-2005. Flora de Chile. Vols 1, 2(1-3). Ed. Universidad de Concepción, Concepción. 351 pp., 99 pp., 93 pp., 128 pp. Matthei O. 1995. Manual de las malezas que crecen en Chile. Alfabeta Impresores. 545 p.
  • Plantae Asiaticae Rariores 2: 41. 1831. (Pl. Asiat. Rar.)
  • Radford, A. E., H. E. Ahles & C. R. Bell. 1968. Man. Vasc. Fl. Carolinas i–lxi, 1–1183. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill.
  • Small, J. K. 1933. Man. S.E. Fl. i–xxii, 1–1554. Published by the Author, New York.
  • Sork, V. - L., Bramble J., & Sexton O. (1993). Ecology of mast-fruiting in three species of North American deciduous oaks. Ecology. 74(2), 528-541.
  • Thornhill, Robert, Krings, Alexander, Lindbo, David, Stucky, Jon (2014): Guide to the Vascular Flora of the Savannas and Flatwoods of Shaken Creek Preserve and Vicinity (Pender & Onslow Counties, North Carolina, U. S. A.). Biodiversity Data Journal 2, 1099: 1099-1099, URL:
  • Weeks, S. S., Harmon P. Weeks J.., & Parker G. R. (2005). Native Trees of the Midwest: Identification, Wildlife Values, and Landscaping Use. West Lafayette: Purdue University Press.
  • Wunderlin, R. P. 1998. Guide Vasc. Pl. Florida i–x, 1–806. University Press of Florida, Gainesville.
    1. Arend, J. L., and H. F. Scholz. 1969. Oak forests of the  Lake States and their management. USDA Forest Service,  Research Paper NC-31. North Central Forest Experiment  Station, St. Paul, MN. 36 p.
    3. Auchmoody, L. R., and H. C. Smith. 1979. Oak soil-site  relationships in northwestern West Virginia. USDA Forest  Service, Research Paper NE-434. Northeastern Forest  Experiment Station, Broomall, PA. 27 p.
    5. Baker, Whiteford L. 1972. Eastern forest insects. U.S.  Department of Agriculture, Miscellaneous Publication 1175.  Washington, DC. 642 p.
    7. Bowersox, T. W., and W. W. Ward. 1972. Prediction of oak  site index in the ridge and valley region of Pennsylvania.  Forest Science 18(3):192-195.
    9. Braun, E. Lucy. 1950. Deciduous forests of eastern North  America. Blakiston, Philadelphia, PA. 596 p.
    11. Brinkman, Kenneth A. 1965. Black oak (Quercus velutina  Lam.). In Silvics of forest trees of the United  States. p. 558-562. H. A. Fowells ' comp. U.S.  Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 271.  Washington, DC.
    13. Darley-Hill, Susan, and W. Carter Johnson. 1981. Acorn  dispersal by the blue jay Ccyanocitta cristata.  Oecologia 50:231-232.
    15. Eyre, F. H., ed. 1980. Forest cover types of the United  States and Canada. Society of American Foresters,  Washington, DC. 148 p.
    17. Gingrich, Samuel F. 1967. Measuring and evaluating stocking  and stand density in upland central hardwood forests in the  Central States. Forest Science 13(l):38-53.
    19. Gingrich, Samuel F. 1971. Management of young and  intermediate stands of upland hardwoods. USDA Forest  Service, Research Paper NE-195. Northeastern Forest  Experiment Station, Broomall, PA. 26 p.
    21. Goodrum, P. D., V. H. Reid, and C. E. Boyd. 1971. Acorn  yields, characteristics and management criteria of oaks for  wildlife. Journal of Wildlife Management 35(3):520-532. 
    23. Graney, D. L. 1987. Ten-year growth of red and white oak  crop trees following thinning and fertilization in the  Boston Mountains of Arkansas. In Proceedings of the Fourth  Biennial Southern Silvicultural Research Conference. p.  445-450. USDA Forest Service, General Technical Report  SE-42. Southeastern Forest Experiment Station,  Asheville, NC.
    25. Hannah, P. R. 1968. Topography and soil relations for white  and black oak in southern Indiana. USDA Forest Service,  Research Paper NC-25. North Central Forest Experiment  Station, St. Paul, MN. 7 p.
    27. Harty, F. M., and H. J. Stains. 1976. Squirrel utilization  of catkins and acorns of the black oak group.  Transactions of the Illinois State Academy of Sciences  69(2):188-191.
    29. Hepting, George H. 1971. Diseases of forest and shade trees  of the United States. U.S. Department of Agriculture,  Agriculture Handbook 386. Washington, DC. 658 p.
    31. Johnson, P. S. 1977. Predicting oak stump sprouting and  sprout development in the Missouri Ozarks. USDA Forest  Service, Research Paper NC-149. North Central Forest  Experiment Station, St. Paul, MN. 11 p.
    33. Kegg, John D. 1973. Oak mortality caused by repeated gypsy  moth defoliations in New Jersey. Journal of Economic  Entomology 66(3):639-641.
    35. Little, Elbert L., Jr. 1971. Atlas of United States trees.  vol. 1 Conifers and important hardwoods. U.S. Department of  Agriculture, Miscellaneous Publication 1146. Washington, DC.  9 p., 313 maps.
    37. Little, Elbert L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States  trees (native and naturalized). U.S. Department of  Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 541. Washington, DC. 375  p.
    39. McQuilkin, R. A. 1976. The necessity of independent testing  of soil-site equations. Soil Science Society of America  40(5):783-785.
    41. Overlease, W. R. 1975. A study of the variation in black oak  (Quercus velutina Lam.) populations from unglaciated  southern Indiana to the range limits in northern Michigan.  Proceedings, Pennsylvania Academy of Science 49:141-144. 
    43. Reich, P. B., R. 0. Teskey, P. S. Johnson, and T. M.  Hinckley. 1980. Periodic root and shoot growth in oak.  Forest Science 26(4):590-598.
    45. Sander, Ivan L. 1971. Height growth of new oak sprouts  depends on size of advance reproduction. Journal of Forestry  69(11):809-811.
    47. Sander, Ivan L. 1972. Size of oak advance reproduction: key  to growth following harvest cutting. USDA Forest Service,  Research Paper NC-79. North Central Forest Experiment  Station, St. Paul, MN. 6 p.
    49. Sander, Ivan L. 1977. Manager's handbook for oaks in the  North Central States. USDA Forest Service, General Technical  Report NC-37. North Central Forest Experiment Station, St.  Paul, MN. 35 p.
    51. Sander, Ivan L. 1979. Regenerating oaks with the shelterwood  system. In Proceedings, Regenerating Oaks in Upland Hardwood  Forests. John S. Wright Forestry Conference. p. 54-60.  Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN.
    53. Sander, Ivan L., and F. Bryan Clark. 1971. Reproduction of  upland hardwood forests in the Central States. U.S.  Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 405.  Washington, DC. 25 p.
    55. Schopmeyer, C. S., tech. coord. 1974. Seeds of woody plants  in the United States. U.S. Department of Agriculture,  Agriculture Handbook 450. Washington, DC. 883 p.
    57. Seidel, Kenneth W. 1972. Drought resistance and internal  water balance of oak seedlings. Forest Science 18(l):34-40. 
    59. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service.  1975. Soil taxonomy: a basic system of soil classification  for making and interpreting soil surveys. Soil Survey Staff,  coord. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook  436. Washington, DC. 754 p.


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