Data about <i>Betula nigra</i>

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Distribution

Data about <i>Betula nigra</i>
Native range includes
Additional detail Lower 48 United States of America USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail United States (USA) US Forest Service Fire Effects Information Service  

Physical Description

Data about <i>Betula nigra</i>
Flower color
Additional detail brown
  • Brown
    A color consisting of dark orange, red, of very low intensity.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000952
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Leaf color
Additional detail green
  • Green
    A color hue with medium-low wavelength of that portion of the visible spectrum lying between yellow and blue, evoked in the human observer by radiant energy with wavelengths of approximately 490 to 570 nanometers.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000320
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Fruit or seed color
Additional detail brown
  • Brown
    A color consisting of dark orange, red, of very low intensity.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000952
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Wood density
Additional detail 0.49 g/cm^3 Global Wood Density Database  
  • Plant growth habit
    The general growth form of a plant - its size and branching - also its woodiness. Some plants have different growth habits depending on environment or location, so a plant can have more than one value.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PlantHabit
Plant growth habit
Additional detail tree
  • Tree
    Perennial, woody plant with a single stem (trunk), normally greater than 4 to 5 meters (13 to 16 feet) in height; under certain environmental conditions, some tree species may develop a multi-stemmed or short growth form (less than 4 meters or 13 feet in height).
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/tree
US Forest Service Fire Effects Information Service  
Additional detail tree
  • Tree
    Perennial, woody plant with a single stem (trunk), normally greater than 4 to 5 meters (13 to 16 feet) in height; under certain environmental conditions, some tree species may develop a multi-stemmed or short growth form (less than 4 meters or 13 feet in height).
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/tree
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail tree
  • Tree
    Perennial, woody plant with a single stem (trunk), normally greater than 4 to 5 meters (13 to 16 feet) in height; under certain environmental conditions, some tree species may develop a multi-stemmed or short growth form (less than 4 meters or 13 feet in height).
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/tree
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Plant height max
Additional detail 10.67 m base age USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
average Additional detail 16.76 m mature Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
median Additional detail 21.34 m mature USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Shape
Additional detail erect
  • Erect
    A positional quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being upright in position or posture.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000622
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Primary growth form
    The primary growth form on the landscape in relation to soil stabilization on slopes and streamsides. Each plant species is assigned the single growth form that most enhances its ability to stabilize soil.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrimaryGrowthForm
Primary growth form
Additional detail multiple stems
  • Multiple stems
    Plant development by producing two or more stems. Examples: roundleaf dogwood (Cornus rugosa) and red huckleberry (Vaccinium parvifolium).
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/multipleStems
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Carbon-to-nitrogen ratio
Additional detail medium (23 – 59)
  • Medium (23 – 59)
    The percentage of organic carbon divided by the percentage of total nitrogen in organic material is 23–59.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/mediumCNRatio
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Foliage texture
Additional detail medium
  • Medium
    Mid-way between small and large in number, quantity, magnitude or extent.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C49507
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  

Ecology

Data about <i>Betula nigra</i>
  • Frost free days
    The average number of frost-free days within the plant’s known geographical range. For cultivars, the geographical range is defined as the area to which the cultivar is well adapted rather than marginally adapted.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/FrostFreeDays
Frost free days min
Additional detail 150 days USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Precipitation tolerance
    Minimum tolerable rainfall (in inches), expressed as the average annual minimum precipitation that occurs 20% of the time (i.e., the probability of it being this dry in any given year is 20%) at the driest climate station within the known geographical range of the plant. geographical range of the plant. For cultivars, the geographical range is defined as the area to which the cultivar is well adapted rather than marginally adapted.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrecipitationTolerance
Precipitation tolerance min
Additional detail 76.2 cm USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
max Additional detail 2.03 m USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Soil depth
    The minimum depth of soil required for good growth. Plants that do not have roots such as rootless aquatic plants (floating or submerged) and epiphytes are assigned a minimum root depth value of zero.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/SoilDepth
Soil depth min
Additional detail 50.8 cm USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Temperature tolerance
    The minimum tolerable temperature is the lowest temperature recorded in the plant’s historical range. If this is not available, the record low January temperature recorded at climate stations within the current geographical range of the plant is used. This definition does not apply to summer annuals.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/TemperatureTolerance
Temperature tolerance min
Additional detail -35 degrees Celsius USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Habitat
Additional detail non-marine IRMNG  
Additional detail non-marine IRMNG  
Additional detail open woodland Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Habitat
Additional detail alluvial soil Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail bar
  • Bar
    A linear shoaling landform feature within a body of water. Bars tend to be long and narrow (linear) and develop where a current (or waves) promote deposition of granular material, resulting in localized shallowing (shoaling) of the water. Bars can appear in the sea, in a lake, or in a river. They are typically composed of sand, although could be of any granular matter that the moving water has access to and is capable of shifting around (for example, soil, silt, gravel, cobble, shingle, or even boulders). The grain size of the material comprising a bar is related: to the size of the waves or the strength of the currents moving the material, but the availability of material to be worked by waves and currents is also important.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000167
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail coal mine Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail coastal plain
  • Coastal plain
    An area of flat, low-lying land adjacent to a seacoast and separated from the interior by other features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000090
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail dry soil Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail flood plain
  • Flood plain
    An area which is subject to periodic flooding.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000255
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail forest
  • Forest
    An area with a high density of trees. A small forest may be called a wood.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000111
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail forest biome
  • Forest biome
    A forest biome is a terrestrial biome which includes, across its entire spatial extent, densely packed vegetation which strongly limits light penetration to the forest floor.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000174
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail glacier
  • Glacier
    A large, slow moving river of ice, formed from compacted layers of snow, that slowly deforms and flows in response to gravity.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000133
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail limestone
  • Limestone
    A sedimentary rock composed largely of the mineral calcite.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002053
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail mountain
  • Mountain
    A landform that extends above the surrounding terrain in a limited area. A mountain is generally steeper than a hill, but there is no universally accepted standard definition for the height of a mountain or a hill although a mountain usually has an identifiable summit and a local relief of more than 300m.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000081
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail prairie
  • Prairie
    An area of land of low topographic relief that historically supported grasses and herbs, with few trees, and having generally a mesic (moderate or temperate) climate. Dominated by tall grasses (contrast steppe).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000260
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail river bank
  • River bank
    The sloping margin of a river, serving to confine it to its natural channel.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000143
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail river bed
  • River bed
    The channel bottom of a river; the physical confine of the normal water flow.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000384
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail swamp
  • Swamp
    A wetland that features permanent inundation of large areas of land by shallow bodies of water, generally with a substantial number of hummocks, or dry-land protrusions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000233
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail terminal moraine
  • Terminal moraine
    Ridges of unconsolidated debris deposited at the snout or end of the glacier. They usually reflect the shape of the glacier's terminus.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000252
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail woodland Environments - EOL project  
  • Wetland Indicator Status (NWPL)
    Five indicator statuses, or ratings, are used in the United States National Wetland Plant List to designate a plant species’ preference for occurrence in a wetland or upland: Upland (UPL), Facultative Upland (FACU), Facultative (FAC), Facultative Wetland (FACW), and Obligate Wetland (OBL). The statuses represent the estimated probability of a species occurring in wetlands versus nonwetlands in a region.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/WetlandIndicatorStatus
Wetland Indicator Status (NWPL)
Additional detail Facultative Wetland
  • Facultative Wetland
    Hydrophyte. Usually occur in wetlands, but may occur in non-wetlands.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nwpl_facw
National Wetland Plant List  
Additional detail Facultative Wetland
  • Facultative Wetland
    Hydrophyte. Usually occur in wetlands, but may occur in non-wetlands.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nwpl_facw
National Wetland Plant List  
Additional detail Facultative Wetland
  • Facultative Wetland
    Hydrophyte. Usually occur in wetlands, but may occur in non-wetlands.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nwpl_facw
National Wetland Plant List  
Additional detail Facultative Wetland
  • Facultative Wetland
    Hydrophyte. Usually occur in wetlands, but may occur in non-wetlands.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nwpl_facw
National Wetland Plant List  
Additional detail Facultative Wetland
  • Facultative Wetland
    Hydrophyte. Usually occur in wetlands, but may occur in non-wetlands.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nwpl_facw
National Wetland Plant List  
  • Interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWith
Interacts with
Additional detail American Beech GloBI  
Additional detail American Elm GloBI  
Additional detail American Hornbeam GloBI  
Additional detail American Linden GloBI  
Additional detail American Sycamore GloBI  
Additional detail Ash Trees GloBI  
Additional detail Bald Cypress GloBI  
Additional detail Birches GloBI  
Additional detail Black Cherry GloBI  
Additional detail Black Tupelo GloBI  
Additional detail Black Willow GloBI  
Additional detail Boxelder Maple GloBI  
Additional detail Common Buttonbush GloBI  
Additional detail Common Hackberry GloBI  
Additional detail Common Honeylocust GloBI  
Additional detail Eastern Cottonwood GloBI  
Additional detail Hazel Alder GloBI  
Additional detail Mountain Silverbell GloBI  
Additional detail Mourning Cloak GloBI  
Additional detail Oncopsis GloBI  
Additional detail Planertree GloBI  
Additional detail Red Maple GloBI  
Additional detail Silver Maple GloBI  
Additional detail Sugar Maple GloBI  
Additional detail Swamp Chestnut Oak GloBI  
Additional detail Swamp Cottonwood GloBI  
Additional detail Swamp Privet GloBI  
Additional detail Swamp White Oak GloBI  
Additional detail Tulip Poplar GloBI  
Additional detail Water Hickory GloBI  
Additional detail Yellow Buckeye GloBI  
  • Interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWithreverse
Interacts with
Additional detail American Hornbeam GloBI  
Additional detail American Sweetgum GloBI  
Additional detail American Sweetgum GloBI  
Additional detail American Sycamore GloBI  
Additional detail September Elm GloBI  
Fire resistance
Additional detail is not fire resistant USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Allelopathic effect
    This is an assay of any direct or indirect, harmful or beneficial effect of one plant on another through the production of chemical compounds (allelochemicals) that escape in the environment.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/TO_0000624
Allelopathic effect
Additional detail no known allelopathy
  • No known allelopathy
    There is no evidence that the organism produces compounds (allelochemicals) that influence the growth, survival, and reproduction of other organisms.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/allelopathyUnknown
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Soil requirements
Additional detail adapted to coarse textured soils
  • Adapted to coarse textured soils
    This plan can establish and grow in soil with a coarse textured surface layer. Includes: Sand, Coarse sand, Fine sand, Loamy coarse sand, Loamy fine sand, Loamy very fine sand, Very fine sand, Loamy sand.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/coarseSoilYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail adapted to fine textured soils
  • Adapted to fine textured soils
    This plan can establish and grow in soil with a fine textured surface layer. Includes: Sandy clay, Silty clay, Clay.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/fineSoilYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail adapted to medium textured soils
  • Adapted to medium textured soils
    This plan can establish and grow in soil with a medium textured surface layer. Includes: Silt, Sandy clay loam, Very fine sandy loam, Silty clay loam, Silt loam, Loam, Fine sandy loam, Sandy loam, Coarse sandy loam.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/mediumSoilYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail needs wet to average soils Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Anaerobic soil tolerance
Additional detail medium (normal)
  • Medium (normal)
    Average. A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's exhibiting no deviation from normal or average.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000461
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Drought tolerance
Additional detail low tolerance
  • Low tolerance
    decreased tolerance to: A tolerance quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's decreased ability to endure a stimulus.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002394
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Calcareous soil tolerance
    The relative tolerance of the plant to calcareous soil. Calcareous soil is defined as soil containing sufficient free CaCO3 and other carbonates to effervesce visibly or audibly when treated with cold 0.1M HCl. These soils usually contain from 10 to almost 1000g/kg CaCO3 equivalent.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/CalcareousSoilTolerance
Calcareous soil tolerance
Additional detail none USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Moisture use
Additional detail high
  • High
    An elevated level or position or degree; greater than normal in degree or intensity or amount.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C25227
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Salt tolerance
Additional detail none USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Shade tolerance
Additional detail low tolerance
  • Low tolerance
    decreased tolerance to: A tolerance quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's decreased ability to endure a stimulus.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002394
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail needs sun to partial shade Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  

Life History and Behavior

Data about <i>Betula nigra</i>
Life cycle habit
Additional detail perennial
  • Perennial
    Of plant duration, a plant whose life span extends over more than two growing seasons, c.f. annual, biennial, ephemeral, of flowering with respect to architecture, hapaxanthic, monocarpic, pleonanthic
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/perennial
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Shedability
Additional detail deciduous
  • Deciduous
    Deciduous (plant): A quality inhering in a plant by virtue of the bearer's disposition to shed foliage.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001731
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Bloom period
Additional detail mid spring
  • Mid spring
    The mid part of the season between the vernal equinox and the summer solstice.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/midSpring
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Active growth period
Additional detail spring and summer USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Growth rate
Additional detail fast USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Life span
Additional detail low life span
  • Low life span
    Decreased life span: A life span which is relatively low.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001604
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Grass growth type
Additional detail not a low growing grass
  • Not a low growing grass
    The growing point (terminal meristem) of the vegetative grass tiller does not remain at or near the crown.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/lowGrowingGrassNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Resprout ability after clipping
Additional detail will resprout
  • Will resprout
    The plant will resprout following top (above ground biomass) removal.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/ResproutYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Germination requirements
Additional detail cold stratification not required
  • Cold stratification not required
    Cold stratification does not significantly increasesthe seed germination percentage of this plant.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/coldStratificationNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Fire tolerance
Additional detail medium (normal)
  • Medium (normal)
    Average. A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's exhibiting no deviation from normal or average.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000461
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Fruit/seed abundance
Additional detail high
  • High
    An elevated level or position or degree; greater than normal in degree or intensity or amount.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C25227
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Seed period end
Additional detail spring
  • Spring
    The season between the vernal equinox and the summer solstice.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C94731
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Seed period begin
Additional detail spring
  • Spring
    The season between the vernal equinox and the summer solstice.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C94731
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Fruit/seed persistence
Additional detail fruit/seed is not persistent
  • Fruit/seed is not persistent
    The fruit or seed is not persistent on the plant.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/fruitPersistentNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Seeds per pound average
Additional detail 374,400 USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Seed spread rate
Additional detail fast USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Seedling survival
Additional detail high
  • High
    An elevated level or position or degree; greater than normal in degree or intensity or amount.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C25227
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Vegetative spread rate
Additional detail slow USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Bloom period begin
Additional detail April
  • April
    The fourth month of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C106183
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Bloom period end
Additional detail May
  • May
    The fifth month of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C106184
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Seed per unit average
Additional detail 10,500 per ounce Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  

Physiology and Cell Biology

Data about <i>Betula nigra</i>
  • Soil pH
    The soil pH, of the top 12 inches of soil, within the plant’s known geographical range. For cultivars, the geographical range is defined as the area to which the cultivar is well adapted rather than marginally adapted.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/SoilPH
Soil pH min
Additional detail 3 USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
max Additional detail 6.5 USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Nitrogen fixation
    The process in which nitrogen is taken from its relatively inert molecular form (N2) in the atmosphere and converted into nitrogen compounds useful for other chemical processes, such as ammonia, nitrate and nitrogen dioxide.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0009399
Nitrogen fixation
Additional detail none USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Primary macronutrient requirements
Additional detail medium
  • Medium
    Mid-way between small and large in number, quantity, magnitude or extent.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C49507
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  

Conservation

Data about <i>Betula nigra</i>
Extinction status
Additional detail extant IRMNG  
Additional detail extant IRMNG  

Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Data about <i>Betula nigra</i>
Livestock bloat potential
Additional detail none USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Horticulture
Additional detail flower is not conspicuous
  • Flower is not conspicuous
    Flowers are not conspicuous from a landscaping aesthetics standpoint.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/flowerConspicuousNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail fruit/seed is not conspicuous
  • Fruit/seed is not conspicuous
    The fruit or seed is not conspicuous from a landscaping aesthetics standpoint.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/fruitSeedConspicuousNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail is not fall conspicuous
  • Is not fall conspicuous
    The leaves or fruits are not conspicuous during Autumn from a landscaping aesthetics standpoint.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/fallConspicuousNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail suitable for the coppice method of silviculture
  • Suitable for the coppice method of silviculture
    The plant is suitable for the coppice method of silviculture. Coppicing completely removes the canopy of woody plants, cutting them at or just above ground level.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/coppicePotentialYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Foliage porosity winter
    Indicates the porosity (coverage) of the foliage during the winter months. Foliage porosity is an important factor when trees or shrubs are used as windbreaks for the protection of crops and livestock shelters. Denser (or less porous) foliage allows more wind to pass through.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/FoliagePorosityWinter
Foliage porosity winter
Additional detail porous
  • Porous
    A porosity quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being capable of admitting the passage of gas or liquid through pores or interstices.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000984
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Foliage porosity summer
    Indicates the porosity (coverage) of the foliage during the summer months. Foliage porosity is an important factor when trees or shrubs are used as windbreaks for the protection of crops and livestock shelters. Denser (or less porous) foliage allows more wind to pass through.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/FoliagePorositySummer
Foliage porosity summer
Additional detail moderately porous
  • Moderately porous
    A porosity quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being incapable of admitting the passage of gas or liquid through pores or interstices.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/moderatePorosity
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Human/livestock toxicity
Additional detail none USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Hedge tolerance
Additional detail none USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Planting density min
Additional detail 300 per acre USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
max Additional detail 700 per acre USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Commercial availability
Additional detail routinely available
  • Routinely available
    The plant is routinely available commercially.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/routinelyAvailable
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Plant propagation method
Additional detail not propogated by bulbs
  • Not propogated by bulbs
    It is not practical to propagate this plant as bulbs.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedByBulbsNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not propogated by corms
  • Not propogated by corms
    It is not practical to propagate this plant as corms.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedByCormsNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not propogated by sod
  • Not propogated by sod
    This plant does not lend itself to being developed as a sod product.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedBySodNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not propogated by sprigs
  • Not propogated by sprigs
    It is not practical to propagate this plant by sprigs.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedBySprigsNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not propogated by tubers
  • Not propogated by tubers
    It is not practical to propagate this plant by tubers.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedByTubersNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail propogated by bare root
  • Propogated by bare root
    It is practical to propagate this plant as a bare root product.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedByBareRootYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail propogated by container
  • Propogated by container
    This plant lends itself to being developed as a container product.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedByContainerYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail propogated by cuttings
  • Propogated by cuttings
    It is practical to propagate this plant as either stem or root cuttings.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedByCuttingsYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail propogated by seed
  • Propogated by seed
    It is practical to propagate this plant by seed.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedBySeedYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail sow in container or outside
  • Sow in container or outside
    Sow seed immediately in container and keep watered outside or sow outside.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagationContainerOutside
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail sow on soil surface
  • Sow on soil surface
    Seeds require sunlight to germinate (sow seed on surface).
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagationSurface
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail sow outside in soil
  • Sow outside in soil
    Sow outside immediately in soil and label or sow in container.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagationOutside
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Grain type
Additional detail is not a small grain
  • Is not a small grain
    The plant is not a small grain. A small grain is a cereal (as wheat, oats, barley, rye, rice) having relatively small kernels or sometimes a relatively small plant as distinguished from a plant (as corn) with large kernels or sometimes from a cereal (as sorghum) with a large plant but small kernels or from a similarly cultured and used seed (as soybean) with a relatively small plant and large seeds.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/smallGrainNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Uses
Additional detail no berries, nuts, seeds, or fruits palatable to humans
  • No berries, nuts, seeds, or fruits palatable to humans
    The plant does not produce berries, nuts, seeds, or fruits that are palatable to humans.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/palatableHumansNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not suitable as berry/nut/seed product
  • Not suitable as berry/nut/seed product
    This woody perennial is not suitable for the commercial production of either berries, nuts, or seeds. Herbaceous plants are scored "not suitable” here by default.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/berryNutSeedNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not suitable as Christmas tree product
  • Not suitable as Christmas tree product
    The plant is not known to be suitable for the Christmas tree market.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/christmasTreeNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not suitable as lumber product
  • Not suitable as lumber product
    The plant is not suitable, and has no potential, for use as a commercial lumber producer.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/lumberNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not suitable as nursery stock product
  • Not suitable as nursery stock product
    This plant is not suitable for production of nursery stock.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nurseryStockNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not suitable as post product
  • Not suitable as post product
    The tree or shrub is not commonly used and does not have high potential for the production of posts, poles, mine timbers, or railroad ties. Plants other than trees and shrubs are scored “not suitable” here by default.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/postProductNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not suitable for naval store products
  • Not suitable for naval store products
    This woody perennial is not suitable for production of naval store products. Navel Store Products are defined as tar, pitch, turpentine, pine oil, rosin, and terpenes obtained from pine and other coniferous trees. Herbaceous plants are scored "not suitable” here by default.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/navalStoreNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not used as fodder product
  • Not used as fodder product
    The plant is not known to be used as animal fodder material. The definition of fodder from the Crop Science Society of America is: Coarse grasses such as corn or sorghum harvested with the seed and leaves green or alive, then cured and fed in their entirety as forage.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/fodderNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail suitable as pulpwood product
  • Suitable as pulpwood product
    The woody perennial is commonly used or has high potential to be used for the production of pulpwood. Herbaceous plants are scored "not suitable" here by default.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/pulpwoodYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail suitable as veneer product
  • Suitable as veneer product
    The tree is commonly used or has high potential to be used for commercial veneer or plywood. Plants other than trees are scored “not suitable” here by default.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/veneerYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Fuelwood suitability
    The relative suitability or potential of a tree or shrub to produce fuelwood. If suitability is unknown, fuelwood potential is expressed in terms of weight (in lbs) per cubic foot of green wood. Relative values correspond to these numerical ranges: Low: <28; Medium: 28-35; High: >35. Plants other than trees and shrubs are left blank here.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/FuelwoodSuitability
Fuelwood suitability
Additional detail low
  • Low
    A minimum level or position or degree; less than normal in degree, intensity or amount.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C54722
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Browse animal palatability
Additional detail medium
  • Medium
    Mid-way between small and large in number, quantity, magnitude or extent.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C49507
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Graze animal palatability
Additional detail low
  • Low
    A minimum level or position or degree; less than normal in degree, intensity or amount.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C54722
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Protein potential
Additional detail low
  • Low
    A minimum level or position or degree; less than normal in degree, intensity or amount.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C54722
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Seed/spore extraction
Additional detail air-dry seed pods
  • Air-dry seed pods
    Air-dry seed pods (may require collecting early and caging to catch fluffy seed or exploding seed pods)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/seedExtractAirDry
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail shatter, rub, or beat soft dry fruit
  • Shatter, rub, or beat soft dry fruit
    Shatter soft dry fruit by hand or rub against coarse screen or beat with a rake or broom.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/seedExtractSoft
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Not invasive in
Additional detail United States (USA) US Forest Service Fire Effects Information Service  

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