Sometimes taxonomists create new names for groups that already have a name. They may do this because they are unaware of the original name, or they may think the organism before them belongs to a different group when in fact it does not. If two or more names are found to apply to the same group, they are considered synonyms. In most cases, the first name takes priority and is considered to be the valid or accepted name. However, there can be exceptions, and it's not always easy to determine which of a series of synonyms should be considered valid or accepted. Here we list the synonyms provided to EOL by our classification partners. We also include other versions of the name that most likely refer to the same group, for example, misspellings in the literature or different variations of the authorship associated with the name.

Preferred marks the preferred name from each source.

Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: April 2013

Name Relationship
Carpinus betulus L. Preferred
Carpinus betulus subsp. carpinizza Synonym
Carpinus betulus subsp. serrata
Carpinus betulus var. serrata
Carpinus betulus f. quercifolia
Carpinus betulus var. quercifolia
Carpinus betulus f. obtusifolia
Carpinus caucasica Grossh.
Carpinus intermedia Wierzb. ex Rchb.
Carpinus compressus Gilib.
Carpinus ulmifolia St.-Lag.
Carpinus ulmifolia Salisb.
Carpinus betulus f. variegata
Carpinus betulus var. pendula
Carpinus betulus f. pyramidalis
Carpinus vulgaris Mill.
Carpinus ulmoides Gray
Carpinus nervata Dulac
Carpinus betulus var. typica
Carpinus betulus f. horizontalis
Carpinus betulus var. provincialis
Carpinus sepium Lam.
Carpinus betulus f. incisa
Carpinus carpinizza Kil.
Carpinus betulus f. cucullata
Carpinus quercifolia Desf. ex Steud.
Carpinus betulus var. carpinizza
Carpinus betulus f. purpurea

NCBI Taxonomy

Name Relationship
Carpinus betulus Preferred
Carpinus betulus L. Authority
Carpinus caucasica Grossh.
Carpinus caucasica


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