IUCN threat status:

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Pleurotus tuberregium (Fr.) Singer, commonly known as the King Tuber Mushroom, is a basidiomycete belonging to the Pleurotaceae family.11 It is found in tropical regions including equatorial Africa, Australia, Asia, and other areas in the south Pacific.6 This white rot fungus produces ligninolytic, or wood decaying enzymes, which also give the mushroom potential for the mycoremediation of soils contaminated with crude oil or diesel fuel.3,5,9 A character of this mushroom which is unique to the Pleurotaceae family, and very few other fungi, is the production of nematotoxins to paralyze and digest nematodes.6Pleurotus tuberregium is also unique in that is produces a sclerotium, an underground mass of mycelia used to store nutrients.10 Research examining this fungus has been done predominantly in Nigeria where it is utilized in many tribes as a significant food source as well as a remedy for various ailments.10 

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