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Introduction

This is a very small Australasian family of 3 genera and 5 species. The family was erected by Mosely (1953). At one time it included Kokiria, now in its own family. The family now consists of 2 monotypic genera, Liapota Neboiss and Nanoplectrus Neboiss, and Plectrotarsus Kolenati (3 species). The phylogenetic position of the family is equivocal (Gall & Wiggins 1999). In the most recent molecular hypothesis (Holzenthal et al. 2007), it emerged as sister to all other Plenitentoria, but not allied with the Phryganeidae or Phryganopsychidae as indicated in other studies (Frania & Wiggins 1997, Ivanov & Sukatcheva 2002, Wiggins 2004). Larval cases are constructed of plant pieces; the larvae are shredding detritivores, found in shallow flowing waters with abundant vegetation.

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