Sometimes taxonomists create new names for groups that already have a name. They may do this because they are unaware of the original name, or they may think the organism before them belongs to a different group when in fact it does not. If two or more names are found to apply to the same group, they are considered synonyms. In most cases, the first name takes priority and is considered to be the valid or accepted name. However, there can be exceptions, and it's not always easy to determine which of a series of synonyms should be considered valid or accepted. Here we list the synonyms provided to EOL by our classification partners. We also include other versions of the name that most likely refer to the same group, for example, misspellings in the literature or different variations of the authorship associated with the name.

Preferred marks the preferred name from each source.

BibAlex LifeDesk

Name Relationship
Euphorbia terracina L. Preferred
Euphorbia modesta Boiss. Synonym
Euphorbia terracina L. var. modesta (Boiss.) Boiss. Synonym
Euphorbia terracina L. var. alexandrina (Delile) El Karemy Synonym

Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: April 2013

Name Relationship
Euphorbia terracina L. Preferred
Euphorbia terracina var. obliquata Synonym
Euphorbia valentina Ortega
Euphorbia trapezoidalis Viv.
Euphorbia verna Salzm. ex Ball
Tithymalus panaceus (Webb & Berthel.) Klotzsch & Garcke
Tithymalus trapezoidalis (Viv.) Klotzsch & Garcke
Tithymalus terracinus (L.) Klotzsch & Garcke
Esula provincialis (Willd.) Haw.
Esula terracina (L.) Fourr.
Esula valentina (Ortega) Haw.
Keraselma provinciale (Willd.) Raf.
Keraselma diversifolium (Poir.) Raf.
Euphorbia terracina var. ramosissima
Lophobios terracina (L.) Raf.
Euphorbia rhombea Willd. ex Link
Euphorbia seticornis Poir.
Euphorbia alexandrina Delile
Euphorbia ramosissima Loisel.
Euphorbia abortiva Porta
Euphorbia affinis DC.
Euphorbia neapolitana Ten.
Euphorbia terracina var. ecarunculata
Euphorbia terracina f. angustifolia
Euphorbia italica Lam.
Euphorbia italica G.Tineo
Euphorbia obtusifolia Lam.
Euphorbia terracina var. alexandrina
Euphorbia ehrenbergii Sweet
Euphorbia terracina var. mendax
Euphorbia diversifolia Poir.
Euphorbia carullae Sennen
Euphorbia modesta Boiss.
Euphorbia leiosperma Sibth. & Sm.
Euphorbia linaria Link
Euphorbia terracina var. delortii
Euphorbia mendax Maire & Wilczek
Euphorbia purpurascens Salzm. ex Ball
Euphorbia cyprianii Maire & Sennen
Euphorbia tenuicuspis Guss. ex Rchb.
Euphorbia terracina var. modesta
Euphorbia terracina var. variicornis
Euphorbia heterophylla Desf.
Euphorbia provincialis Willd.
Euphorbia halacsyi Formánek
Euphorbia garrullae Sennen
Euphorbia obliquata Forssk.
Euphorbia panacea Webb & Berthel.

NCBI Taxonomy

Name Relationship
Euphorbia terracina Preferred
Euphorbia terracina L. Authority

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