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Oriental beech or eastern beech (Fagus orientalis) is a deciduous broad-leafed tree in the family Fagaceae. It can reach heights of 30 to 40 meters; in rare instances, trees up to 50 meters in height can be found. Growth can continue until the age of 160-200 years.

In general, oriental beech has a similar appearance to European beech (Fagus sylvatica). Both beech species are characterized by their smooth and silver-grey stem; the stem color of oriental beech is a lighter grey than European beech. The leaves of oriental beech are egg-shaped without any lobes or peaks and have a short stalk. It bears both male and female flowers on the same individual and is a wind pollinated tree species.

Oriental beech is indigenous to the Balkans in the west, through Anatolia (Asia Minor), to the Caucasus, northern Iran and Crimea.

Oriental beech wood is principally used for fuel, but there are other uses such as particleboard, furniture, flooring veneer, mining poles, railway tiles and paper.

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