Wikipedia

Maratus

Maratus is a spider genus of the Salticidae family (jumping spiders). These spiders are commonly referred to as peacock spiders due to their colorful abdominal flaps that they display during courtship.[1] In at least one species, Maratus vespertilio, the expansion of the flaps also occurs during ritualised contests between males.[2]

All described species, except M. furvus, are endemic to Australia. Several species in this genus were earlier classified in the genus Saitis, containing the Mediterranean Saitis barbipes, which is superficially similar to Maratus (colorful males with enlarged third pair of legs).

Maratus live on or near the ground in low bushes [3]

Species[edit]

There are 43 species of Maratus:[4]

Relationships[edit]

Otto and Hill have suggested that Maratus is closely related to the genus Saitis. Both are found in Australia, and in both genera the males have elongated third legs and unmodified first legs.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Otto, Jurgen; Hill, David E. (2011). "An illustrated review of the known peacock spiders of the genus Maratus from Australia, with description of a new species (Araneae: Salticidae: Euophryinae)". Peckhamia 96 (1): 1–27. 
  2. ^ Otto, Jurgen; Hill, David E. (2012). "Contests between male Maratus vespertilio". Pechamia 98 (1): 1–17. 
  3. ^ .Hill, David E. "Euophryine jumping spiders that extend their third legs during courtship". Peckhamia 74 (1): 1–27. 
  4. ^ Otto, Jürgen C.; David E. Hill (1 January 2014). "Spiders of the mungaich group from Western Australia (Araneae: Salticidae: Euophryinae: Maratus), with one new species from Cape Arid". Peckhamia. 112.1. 
  5. ^ Otto, Jürgen C.; Hill, David E. (4 November 2012). "Notes on Maratus Karsch 1878 and related jumping spiders from Australia, with five new species (Araneae: Salticidae: Euophryinae)". Peckhamia. 103.1: 2–4. 
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