The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot., ser. 7, 16: 249.
  • Guiry, Michael D. (2012). Spirulina Turpin ex Gomont, 1892. In: Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2016). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway (taxonomic information republished from AlgaeBase with permission of M.D. Guiry). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at
  • Isotype: Crouan, P. L. & Crouan, H. M. 1854. Mem. Soc. Nat. Sci. Nat. Cherbourg. 2: 39.
  • Isotype: Gardner, N. L. 1932. New York Academy of Sciences. 8: 272.
  • Isotype: Hansgirg, A. 1892. Prodromus Der Algenflora Von Bohmen. 2: 121.
  • Isotype: Meneghini, G. G. 1845-1849. Tab. Phyc. 1: 26.
  • Isotype: Rabenhorst, G. L. 1859. Die Algen Sachsens. 89-90: no. 895.
  • Isotype: Welsh, H. 1961. Nova Hedwigia. 3: 399.
  • Isotype: Welsh, H. 1964. Nova Hedwigia. 7: 29.
  • Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp.


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