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The Woodcock Orchid, Ophrys scolopax occurs in the northwestern Mediterranean, from the Iberian Peninsula to northwest Italy (Delforge 2005). As in other species in the genus Ophrys, pollination in this species relies on sexual deception of the pollinator. The flowers resemble females of bees in the genus Eucera and even mimic the scent of receptive females. Male bees pollinate the orchids whem attempting to mate (pseudocopulate) with the female decoy (Schiestl 2005, Paulus 2006, Vereecken et al. 2007).