Overview

Comprehensive Description

The Spathoglottis pacifica is a South Pacific orchid with narrow, folded, and long leaves. It has dominant, usually ovoid, and sometimes depressed pseudobulbs. Its tall, slender inflorescences arise from a basal leaf-axil, with a succession of small to large flowers. The lip of the flowers is strongly three-lobed, with narrow lateral lobes (oblong and upcurved), a midlobe that is very narrowly clawed, and two small ovoid calli at the base with two small laterally spreading teeth. Its floral color is extensive and ranges from brilliant yellow, pure white, crimson, purple, and magenta. "The blossoms are not long-lived, and the profusion with which they are produced and the length of the blooming-season makes these orchids the most charming and satisfactory of all the terrestrial orchids." 3

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Distribution

They are found in Fiji, Samoa, and Vanuatu.1

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Physical Description

Size

This species of tall Orchids has tall grassy leaves and rounded flowers that are about three inches wide with an erect spike.2

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Diagnostic Description

The leaves on the Spathoglottis pacifica broadly lanceolate by 25-100*1.5-5 cm and have 7-9 main veins.1 The plant is usually 100 cm tall and has intervals of several 1-1.5 cm long sheaths.1 The flowers of this species range from being white to pink and are less than 0.5 mm in diameter and covered with brown hairs.1

They have dominant, usually ovoid, and sometimes depressed pseudobulbs.3

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Maria Cheadle

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Ecology

Habitat

These orchids are typically terrestrial orchids, meaning thier roots are normally found in soil, not on trees or rocks. 2

The Spathoglottis pacifica is also normally found on river banks.1

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Life History and Behavior

Cyclicity

Fruits ripen in six weeks after pollination.3

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Growth

The orchid is deciduous, meaning that it loses foilage during the dry season.3

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Genetics

There have been three genes that have been sequenced for the Spathoglottis pacifica, and they can be found at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?db=nucleotide&cmd=Search&dopt=DocSum&term=txid256375%5BOrganism%3Anoexp%5D.

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Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Spathoglottis pacifica

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


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© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Spathoglottis pacifica

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

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Conservation

Conservation Status

It has not been evaluated by the IUCN, but it is considered rare by many.

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