Overview

Distribution

Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Ibidium plantagineum House:
Canada (North America)
United States (North America)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Spiranthes lucida (H.H. Eaton) Ames:
Canada (North America)
United States (North America)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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N.B., N.S., Ont., Que.; Conn., Del., Ill., Ind., Kans., Ky., Maine, Mass., Mich., Mo., Nebr., N.H., N.J., N.Y., Ohio, Pa., R.I., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis.
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National Distribution

Canada

Origin: Unknown/Undetermined

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

United States

Origin: Unknown/Undetermined

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

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Physical Description

Morphology

Description

Plants 4–37 cm. Roots spreading to descending, slender, mostly to 0.6 cm diam. Leaves persisting through and long after anthesis, 3–4, basal, ascending-spreading, elliptic-lanceolate, 3–12 × 0.5–1.5 cm. Spikes rather openly spiraled, 3–4 flowers per cycle of spiral; rachis sparsely to moderately pubescent, some trichomes capitate, glands obviously stalked. Flowers nearly horizontal to abruptly nodding from base, white, tubular; sepals linear-oblong; dorsal sepal connate at base, 4.5–5.5 mm; lateral sepals appressed to petals and lip, straight, 5–6 mm × 1–2 mm; petals linear-oblong, 5–6 × 2–4 mm, apex obtuse; lip brilliant yellow or yellow-orange, centrally greenish yellow, oblong, 5–6 × 2–4 mm, margins crenulate, veins several, greenish, branches few, very short, mostly widely diverging, sometimes forming reticulum with primary veins; basal calli spreading, 1 mm; viscidium oval; ovary 3–8 mm. Seeds monoembryonic. 2n = 44.
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Diagnostic Description

Synonym

Neottia lucida H. H. Eaton, Transylvania J. Med. Assoc. Sci. 5: 107. 1832; Ibidium plantagineum (Rafinesque) House; Spiranthes plantaginea Rafinesque
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Ecology

Habitat

Rocky and sandy riverbanks, calcareous seeps, fens, 0--900m.
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Associations

Flower-Visiting Insects of Yellow-Lipped Ladies' Tresses in Illinois

Spiranthes lucida (Yellow-Lipped Ladies' Tresses)
(bees suck nectar; observations are from Catling)

Bees (long-tongued)
Anthophoridae (Ceratinini): Ceratina dupla dupla sn

Bees (short-tongued)
Halictidae (Halictinae): Augochlorella striata sn fq, Lasioglossum imitatus sn, Lasioglossum zonulum sn; Colletidae (Hylaeinae): Hylaeus modestus modestus sn

Skippers
Hesperiidae: Thymelicus lineola sn np

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Life History and Behavior

Cyclicity

Flowering/Fruiting

Flowering May--Aug.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Spiranthes lucida

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

Canada

Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: G5 - Secure

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Threats

Comments: Moderately threatened by land-use conversion and habitat fragmentation, and to a lesser extent by forest management practices (Southern Appalachian Species Viability Project 2002).

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