Sometimes taxonomists create new names for groups that already have a name. They may do this because they are unaware of the original name, or they may think the organism before them belongs to a different group when in fact it does not. If two or more names are found to apply to the same group, they are considered synonyms. In most cases, the first name takes priority and is considered to be the valid or accepted name. However, there can be exceptions, and it's not always easy to determine which of a series of synonyms should be considered valid or accepted. Here we list the synonyms provided to EOL by our classification partners. We also include other versions of the name that most likely refer to the same group, for example, misspellings in the literature or different variations of the authorship associated with the name.

Preferred marks the preferred name from each source.

Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: April 2013

Name Relationship
Spiranthes sinensis (Pers.) Ames Preferred
Gyrostachys wightiana Kuntze Synonym
Gyrostachys congesta (Lindl.) Kuntze
Gyrostachys australis var. flexuosa
Gyrostachys australis (R. Br.) Blume
Gyrostachys stylites (Lindl.) Kuntze
Gyrostachys novifuburgensis Kuntze
Gyrostachys amoena Blume
Spiranthes wightiana Lindl. ex Wall.
Spiranthes viridiflora (Makino) Makino
Spiranthes indica Lindl. ex Steud.
Spiranthes suishanensis (Hayata) Schltr.
Spiranthes stylites Lindl.
Spiranthes spiralis (Lour.) Makino
Spiranthes pudica Lindl.
Spiranthes sinensis var. australis
Spiranthes sinensis var. amoena
Spiranthes neocaledonica Schltr.
Spiranthes novae-zelandiae Hook. f.
Spiranthes flexuosa (Sm.) Lindl.
Spiranthes papuana Schltr.
Spiranthes parviflora (Sm.) Lindl.
Spiranthes longispicata A. Rich.
Spiranthes congesta Lindl.
Spiranthes crispata (Blume) Zoll. & Moritzi
Spiranthes densa A. Rich.
Spiranthes aristotelea Merr.
Spiranthes australis (R. Br.) Lindl.
Spiranthes amoena (M.Bieb.) Spreng.
Spiranthes australis var. suishaensis
Spiranthes australis var. viridiflora
Epidendrum aristotelea Raeusch.
Spiranthes australis var. sinensis
Gyrostachys australis var. sinensis
Neottia australis var. chinensis
Ibidium viridiflorum (Makino) Makino
Ibidium spirale (Lour.) Makino
Spiranthes australis var. pudica
Spiranthes sinensis f. autumnus
Spiranthes sinensis f. gracilis
Calanthe australis (R.Br.) Aiton ex Loudon
Neottia crispata Blume
Neottia flexuosa Sm.
Neottia australis R. Br.
Neottia sinensis Pers.
Neottia pudica (Lindl.) Sweet
Monustes australis (R. Br.) Raf.
Neottia amoena M. Bieb.
Neottia parviflora Sm.
Ophrys spiralis Georgi
Aristotelea spiralis Lour.

NCBI Taxonomy

Name Relationship
Spiranthes sinensis Preferred
Spiranthes sinensis (Pers.) Ames Authority


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