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Introduction

McFarlane (1964) erected the plectrotarsid subfamily Kokiriinae when he described Kokiria miharo from New Zealand. Subsequently, Ross (1967) raised it to family status and included the Chilean species Rhynchopsyche fusca Schmid (originally described in Brachycentridae) in the new family. Neboiss (1974) described Tanjistomella verna, the first record of the family in Australia; in that work he also referred the New Caledonian genus Mecynostomella Kimmins (originally placed in Sericostomatidae) to Kokiriidae. Neboiss later described 2 more Australasian genera, Taskiria and Taskiropsyche. Flint et al. (1999) considered Rhynchopsyche fusca a junior synonym of Pangullia faziana Navás (originally described in Limnephilidae). Johanson (2003) recently revised Mecynostomella and nearly doubled the described species diversity of Kokiriidae, so that it now consists of 15 species described from New Zealand, New Caledonia, Chile, and Australia. The larvae are predatory, and live in sandy deposits of small streams and lakes. Larval cases are constructed from sand, and are dorsoventrally depressed and flanged around the edge. (From Holzenthal et al., 2007a)

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