Habitat and Ecology
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Barcode data: Amomum villosum
Statistics of barcoding coverage: Amomum villosum
Public Records: 5
Specimens with Barcodes: 5
Species With Barcodes: 1
IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category
Red List Criteria
Research is required to determine the true wild range, population size and trends, and threats, especially for var. xanthioides.
Amomum villosum (砂仁) is a plant in the ginger family that is grown throughout Southeast Asia and in South China. Similar to cardamom, the plant is cultivated for their fruits, which dry into pods when mature and contain strongly aromatic seeds. The pods are used in Chinese cuisines to flavour soups and in Chinese herbology to treat stomach ache and dysentery.
Due to the demand for the seeds and the ripe fruits of the plant and to curb slash-and-burn activities in their forests by local populations, cultivation of the A. villosum and co-plantings with rubber trees has been encouraged by the governments of Yunnan and Guangdong, China. However, the extensive cultivation of A. villosum in the forest has resulted in the reduction of species diversity in the rainforest of Southwest China.
- IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 23 November 2012.
- "Amomum villosum", Encyclopedia of Life
- G. Li, A.J. Chen, X.Y. Chen, X.L. Li1 and W.W. Gao (2010), "First report of Amomum villosum (cardamom) leaf lesion caused by Pyricularia costina in China", New Disease Reports 22 (2.)
- Zhou, Shouqing (1993), "Cultivation of Amomum villosum in tropical forests", Forest Ecology and Management 60 (1–2): 157–162, doi:10.1016/0378-1127(93)90029-M
- Liu, Hongmao; Gao, Lei; Zheng, Zheng; Feng, Zhili (2006), "The impact of Amomum villosum cultivation on seasonal rainforest in Xishuangbanna, Southwest China", Biodiversity and Conservation 15 (9): 2971–2985, doi:10.1007/s10531-005-3876-4
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