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Introduction

The pineapple is a popular exotic fruit that is often used in the preparation of tropical cocktails, appetisers, desserts, and in cooking.It was first discovered by the Tupi-Guaraní Indian tribe, and then in 1493 on Guadaloupe Island off the coast of Mexico during the second voyage of Christopher Columbus.It was first named pineapple in 1498 by European explorers, who noticed its resemblance to the reproductive organs (pine cones) of conifer trees. But it was classified by Carl von Linnaeus as Bromelia comosa L., and then in 1917 Elmer Drew Merril renamed the plant Ananas comosus (L.) Merr.Ananas comosus is the most economically important plant in the family Bromeliaceae. The family is divided into 3 subfamilies:
  • Pitcairnioideae
  • Tillandsioideae
  • Bromelioideae
A. comosus belongs to the subfamily Bromelioideae.

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