IUCN threat status:

Not evaluated

Brief Summary

Read full entry


The pineapple is a popular exotic fruit that is often used in the preparation of tropical cocktails, appetisers, desserts, and in cooking.It was first discovered by the Tupi-Guaraní Indian tribe, and then in 1493 on Guadaloupe Island off the coast of Mexico during the second voyage of Christopher Columbus.It was first named pineapple in 1498 by European explorers, who noticed its resemblance to the reproductive organs (pine cones) of conifer trees. But it was classified by Carl von Linnaeus as Bromelia comosa L., and then in 1917 Elmer Drew Merril renamed the plant Ananas comosus (L.) Merr.Ananas comosus is the most economically important plant in the family Bromeliaceae. The family is divided into 3 subfamilies:
  • Pitcairnioideae
  • Tillandsioideae
  • Bromelioideae
A. comosus belongs to the subfamily Bromelioideae.


Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© Natural History Museum, London

Partner Web Site: Natural History Museum


EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!