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The flower has become symbolic of the region. The display between August and November is remarkable for the high standing flowers occurring in urban and coastal regions. The species is not threatened, but is protected under state legislation. A license is required for collection from the wild. It is desirable as a cut flower, possessing an unusual form and striking colours that last well.
Description[edit source | edit]
A member of the Anigozanthos genus, Anigozanthos manglesii is a rhizotomous perennial with long, grey-green linear leaves around 30 to 60 cm long. The leaves extend from a central point at ground level. Its red and green flowers appear at the end of long stalks between August and November. The flowers display in a sequence from the lowest point, those following are in a progression of development. The spent flower-stalks may remain well after their season. The length of these stalks from the base is up to 1200 mm tall.
Distribution[edit source | edit]
The species is widely distributed throughout the Southwest Australian biogeographic regions, preferring white, yellow or grey sand, or sandy loam. The occurrence is confirmed in the northernmost part of its range in the Geraldton Sandplains and the Swan Coastal Plain near Perth. Extensive records also exist of occurrence in Jarrah Forest and Warren region to the south, but not reaching the southern coasts. It extends inland to the Avon Wheatbelt.
Taxonomy[edit source | edit]
There are two recognised subspecies as follows:
- Anigozanthos manglesii subsp. quadrans Hopper
- Distribution of the subspecies is as far north as Shark Bay, variation in habit and structure of the subspecies is otherwise discrete.
- Anigozanthos manglesii D.Don subsp. manglesii
Anigozanthos manglesii is known to hybridize naturally with other Anigozanthos species:
- A. viridis – progeny have been named Anigozanthos manglesii var. × angustifolius Lindl. and Anigozanthos manglesii var. × virescens Ostenf.
- A. bicolor
- A. kalbarriensis
- A. humilis
Cultivars[edit source | edit]
- 'Autumn Mystery' - A. manglesii x A. flavidus
- 'Big Red' - A. manglesii x A. flavidus
- 'Bush Emerald' - A. manglesii x A. flavidus
- 'Hickman’s Delight' - A. manglesii x A. flavidus
- 'Rogue Radiance' - (A. manglesii x A. rufus) x A. flavidus
- 'Space Age' - A manglesii x A. flavidus
- 'Sue Dixon' - (A. manglesii x A. rufus) x A. flavidus
Cultivation[edit source | edit]
In temperate regions this plant is either grown under glass or outdoors with the winter protection of a mulch. The species germinates readily from seed. As plants generally deteriorate after the second season, they are best treated as biennial. Watering should be withheld during the dormant period. They are susceptible to fungal ink spot disease and the leaves are attractive to snails. They are often used as cut flowers, due to their unique appearance and lasting qualities.
Symbolic and artistic references[edit source | edit]
And for Crest: On a Wreath Or and Sable The Royal Crown between two Kangaroo Paw (Anigosanthos [sic] Manglesii) flowers slipped proper.
A Red and Green Kangaroo Paw superimposed over a scene of Perth was depicted on a 5 pence on a 1962 Australian stamp issue designed by R. M. Warner to mark the British Empire and Commonwealth Games held in Perth that year. In 1968 another stamp issue, designed by Nell Wilson, showed the Red and green Kangaroo Paw as part of a series on state floral emblems.
See also[edit source | edit]
Further reading[edit source | edit]
- Hopper, Stephen D.; Babs and Bert Wells ill. Kangaroo paws and catspaws : a natural history and field guide. Como, W.A. p. 144 p. ISBN 0-7309-5913-9.
References[edit source | edit]
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (September 2007)|
- "Anigozanthos manglesii". FloraBase. Department of Environment and Conservation, Government of Western Australia.
- "Anigozanthos manglesii D. Don". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government.
- "Anigozanthos manglesii". The Kangaroo Paw Family. ASGAP. 2004-06-04. Archived from the original on 1 September 2007. Retrieved 2007-08-02. "The plant is susceptible to fungal disease such as "ink spot", which is first seen as small black spots on the foliage which gradually spread and kill the plant."
- Anne Boden (2006-10-11). "Red and Green Kangaroo Paw. 'Anigozanthos manglesii". Emblems. Australian National Botanic Gardens (ANBG). Archived from the original on 20 August 2007. Retrieved 2007-08-02.
- Extract from Government Gazette (No.95) of 18 November 1960. PROCLAMATION:
By His Excelency The Honourable Sir John Patric Dwyer, ... Liutenant-Governor (Lieutenant Governor) in and over the State of Western Australia and its Dependencies in the Commonwealth of Australia. ...desirable that a floral emblem be adopted as an emblem of the State ... described as Anigosanthos Manglesii D. Don: NOW THEREFORE I, the Liutenant-Governor, ... Given under my hand and the Public Seal of the said State at Perth, this 9th day of November, 1960. By His Excellency's Command, DAVID BRAND, PREMIER. GOD SAVE THE QUEEN !!! (abbreviated and uncorrected text from ANGB)