The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • (Papilionaceae) seeds by rodents in Panama. Oecologia 94:255-261
  • CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Fauna and Flora). 2014. Web: 11 Nov. 2014.
  • Chassot, O., G. Arias. 2006. Great Green Macaw: flagship species of Costa Rica. PsittaScene. 53
  • De, Steven D, and F E. Putz. 1984. Impact of Mammals on Early Recruitment of a Tropical Canopy Tree, Dipteryx Panamensis, in Panama. Oikos. 43.2
  • Forget, P.M. 1993. Post-dispersal predation and scatterhoarding of Dipteryx panamensis
  • Fournier, L.A. 2003. Dipteryx panamensis (Pittier). Record & Mell. The RNGR Team, Part II –Species Descriptions.
  • Hanson, T. R., S. Brunsfeld, B. Finegan, L. P. Waits. 2008. Pollen Dispersal and Genetic Structure of the Tropical Tree, Dipteryx panamensis, in a Fragmented Costa Rican Landscape. Molecular Ecology. 17.8: 2060-2073.
  • Hanson, T., S. Brunsfeld, B. Finegan. 2006. Variation in Seedling Density and Seed Predation Indicators for the Emergent Tree Dipteryx panamensis in Continuous and Fragmented Rain Forest. Biotropica. 38.6: 770-774. Print.
  • IUCN (International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources). 2014. Ara ambiguus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Web. 16 Nov. 2014.
  • Janzen, D. H., P. S. Martin. 1982. Neotropical anachro- nisms: the fruits the gomphotheres ate. Science 215: 19-27.
  • McDade, L.A. 1994. La Selva: Ecology and Natural History of a Neotropical Rain Forest. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Perry, D. R., A. Starrett. 1980. The Pollination Ecology and Blooming Strategy of a Neotropical Emergent Tree, Dipteryx panamensis. Biotropica. 12.4: 307-313.


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