Articles on this page are available in 1 other language: Spanish (1) (learn more)

Overview

Comprehensive Description

Brief

"Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1 Year Assessed: 2010 Assessor/s: Kumar, B. Reviewer/s: Sadasivaiah, B., Bhat, G.K., Rao, M.L.V., Dahanukar, N. & Molur, S. Contributors: Molur, S. Justification: Mariscus cyperoides is widely distributed, commonly occurring with no threats and hence assessed as Least Concern. Conservation Actions: No conservation actions are known or needed for this species."
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© India Biodiversity Portal

Source: India Biodiversity Portal

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Brief

Habit: Grass
  • Mathew, K. M. ""The flora of Palani Hills."" Rapinat Herbarium, Tiruchirapalli, Part I-III.
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© India Biodiversity Portal

Source: India Biodiversity Portal

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Miscellaneous Details

Mariscus cyperoides is the valid name of Cyperus cyperoides.
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© India Biodiversity Portal

Source: India Biodiversity Portal

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Brief

Flowering class: Monocot Habit: Herb
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© India Biodiversity Portal

Source: India Biodiversity Portal

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Distribution

Range Description

Mariscus cyperoides is distributed in tropical old world, India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Myanmar, Malaysia, Nepal, China, Japan, south to North Australia, Hawaii, tropical and subtropical Africa and Pakistan. Naturalized in the West Indies. In India it is known to occur in Andaman and Nicobar, Arunachal Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Goa, Kerala, Karnataka, Meghalaya, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Nagaland, Orissa, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu and Uttar Pradesh (Cook 1996, Verma 2001, Bhargavan 1987, BSI Coimbatore).
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

"
Global Distribution

Pantropical

Indian distribution

State - Kerala, District/s: Palakkad, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Malappuram

"
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© India Biodiversity Portal

Source: India Biodiversity Portal

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

"Common in rocky patches, slopes above 1200msl. Tropical Africa, Tropical & subtropical Asia, Malaysia, N.Australia."
  • Mathew, K. M. ""The flora of Palani Hills."" Rapinat Herbarium, Tiruchirapalli, Part I-III.
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© India Biodiversity Portal

Source: India Biodiversity Portal

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

"Range Description: Mariscus cyperoides is distributed in tropical old world, India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Myanmar, Malaysia, Nepal, China, Japan, south to North Australia, Hawaii, tropical and subtropical Africa and Pakistan. Naturalized in the West Indies. In India it is known to occur in Andaman and Nicobar, Arunachal Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Goa, Kerala, Karnataka, Meghalaya, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Nagaland, Orissa, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu and Uttar Pradesh (Cook 1996, Verma 2001, Bhargavan 1987, BSI Coimbatore). Countries - Native: Australia; Bangladesh; Bhutan; Burkina Faso; Burundi; Cameroon; China; Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; Cook Islands; Côte d'Ivoire; Equatorial Guinea; Ethiopia; Fiji; Gabon; Ghana; India (Andaman Is., Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Nicobar Is., Orissa, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Uttaranchal, Uttar Pradesh); Japan; Kenya; Madagascar; Malaysia; Mauritius; Mayotte; Mozambique; Myanmar; Nepal; New Zealand; Pakistan; Papua New Guinea; Saint Helena; Senegal; South Africa; Spain; Sudan; Suriname; Taiwan, Province of China; Tanzania, United Republic of; Thailand; Togo; Uganda; United States (Hawaiian Is.)"
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© India Biodiversity Portal

Source: India Biodiversity Portal

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Distribution: From Pakistan, NW Himalayas and India to China and Japan, south to N Australia, Hawaii, tropical and subtropical Africa, also in W Indies.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA

Source: Missouri Botanical Garden

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Widely spread in tropical and subtropical regions of the Old World, also extending northwards in eastern Asia as far as central Japan.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA

Source: Missouri Botanical Garden

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Physical Description

Morphology

Description

Caespitose perennial, 20-50 cm, with tillers. Stem 1-2 mm diam., trigonous, stiff, smooth, stem base swollen. Leaves shorter than stem; sheaths to 14 cm, green or yellowish, often with reddish tint, one side scarious with small reddish dots, mouth margin slightly concave; blades up to 30 cm, up to 5 mm wide, rather stiff, sometimes curved, keeled, flat, grey-green, margins smooth or slightly scabrous, apex long-attenuate, acute, trigonous, scabrous. Inflorescence a simple anthelodium, clusters of spikes sessile or on elongated primary branches; primary branches 4-10, up to 40 mm, tubular prophyll up to 7 mm; bracts 4-8, foliose, up to 12 cm. Cluster of spikes 15-25 x 6-10 mm, cylindrical, with more than 100 spirally arranged spikes; rachis winged; glume-like bract 1.5-2.5 mm, acute; glume-like prophyll c. 3 mm, blunt; spikes 3.5-5.5 mm, cylindrical, reflexed, usually 2-flowered (upper not developed); glumes c. 3.5 mm, clasping, mid-nerve area green, margins scarious, prominently nerved, apex blunt. Stamens 3. Nut 2.2-2.3 x c. 0.6 mm, elongated, slightly curved, trigonous, more or less plano-convex, yellow-brown, finely papillose.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA

Source: Missouri Botanical Garden

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Elevation Range

100-2400 m
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA

Source: Missouri Botanical Garden

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Diagnostic Description

Diagnostic

"Stoloniferous herbs, stolen covered with brown scales. Leaves to 3.5 x 0.5 cm. Umbels terminal, rays usually 9; bracts 4-8, 5-25 cm long; spikelets one flowered, deciduous above the 2 basal glumes, leaving a knob; basal glumes 1 and 0.75 mm, distichous, nut bearing glumes 3 mm, one nerved; stamens 3; ovary 1 mm, ovoid. Nut 2 mm, brown."
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© India Biodiversity Portal

Source: India Biodiversity Portal

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Synonym

Scirpus cyperoides L., Mantissa 1:8. 1771; Kyllinga sumatrensis Retz., Obs. bot. 4:13. 1786; Mariscus sumatrensis (Retz.) J. Rayn. in Adansonia ser. 2. 15: 110 (1975). Mariscus umbellatus Vahl, Enum. Pl. 2:376. 1806. (p.p. fide Kükenthal 1936). Mariscus sieberianus Nees, Linnaea 9:286, 1835 nom. nudum, see Hutchinson (1936) Fl. W. Trop. Afr.; non Cyperus sieberianus Link (1827) nec ? Sprengel. C.B. Clarke, Ill. Cyper.: tab. 23, fig. 5-7. 1909. U. Kühn, in E. Häfliger (ed.), Monocot weeds (Documenta, Ciba-Geigy): 57 (1982; as Mariscus sumatrensis).
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA

Source: Missouri Botanical Garden

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Type Information

Isosyntype for Cyperus cyperoides var. aureus Peter ex Kük.
Catalog Number: US 3151526
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): A. Peter
Year Collected: 1926
Locality: Uyansi, Tschaya und Tura., Tanzania, Africa
Elevation (m): 1250 to 1250
  • Isosyntype: Engler, H. G. A. 1936. Pflanzenr. 101: 517.
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany

Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Isotype for Mariscus polyphyllus Steud.
Catalog Number: US 3648037
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Original publication and alleged type specimen examined
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): G. W. Schimper
Year Collected: 1838
Locality: "Abyssinia", prope Enderder in regione inferiore montium, Ethiopia, Africa
  • Isotype: Steudel, E. G. von. 1842. Flora. 25: 596.
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany

Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
It is an annual herb growing in seasonally wet places, swamps, temporary pools and rice fields; not only found in wetlands but also in open or shady grassland, a common weed of fields and gardens (Cook 1996).

Systems
  • Terrestrial
  • Freshwater
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

General Habitat

"Habitat and Ecology: It is an annual herb growing in seasonally wet places, swamps, temporary pools and rice fields; not only found in wetlands but also in open or shady grassland, a common weed of fields and gardens (Cook 1996). Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater List of Habitats: 4, 4.5, 4.6, 5, 5.1, 5.2, 5.7, 5.8, 5.10, 14, 14.3, 14.5, 15, 15.8"
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© India Biodiversity Portal

Source: India Biodiversity Portal

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

General Habitat

Moist patches in dry and moist deciduous forests
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© India Biodiversity Portal

Source: India Biodiversity Portal

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Grasslands, weed in waste lands and fields.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA

Source: Missouri Botanical Garden

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Life History and Behavior

Cyclicity

Flowering and fruiting: July-August
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© India Biodiversity Portal

Source: India Biodiversity Portal

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Flower/Fruit

Fl. Per.: July - September; according to Bhandari (1990) "almost throughout the year".
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA

Source: Missouri Botanical Garden

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Cyperus cyperoides

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Cyperus cyperoides

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2013

Assessor/s
Kumar, B.

Reviewer/s
Sadasivaiah, B., Bhat, G.K., Rao, M.L.V., Dahanukar, N. & Molur, S.

Contributor/s
Molur, S.

Justification
Mariscus cyperoides is widely distributed, commonly occurring with no threats and hence assessed as Least Concern.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

"Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1 Year Assessed: 2010 Assessor/s: Kumar, B. Reviewer/s: Sadasivaiah, B., Bhat, G.K., Rao, M.L.V., Dahanukar, N. & Molur, S. Contributors: Molur, S. Justification: Mariscus cyperoides is widely distributed, commonly occurring with no threats and hence assessed as Least Concern. Conservation Actions: No conservation actions are known or needed for this species."
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© India Biodiversity Portal

Source: India Biodiversity Portal

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Population

Population
It is a very common and widespread species.

Population Trend
Stable
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Population: It is a very common and widespread species. Population Trend: Stable
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© India Biodiversity Portal

Source: India Biodiversity Portal

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Threats

Major Threats

There are no known threats to the species.

Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Major Threat (s): There are no known threats to the species.
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© India Biodiversity Portal

Source: India Biodiversity Portal

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
No conservation actions are known or needed for this species.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Disclaimer

EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!