Overview

Distribution

Range Description

This species is endemic to the Province of Valencia. Its principal area of occurence is in the mountains of Palomera and Macizo del Caroch in the south west of Valencia. It has been cited as occurring in adjoining areas of the Province of Albacete but its presence there has not been confirmed.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This geophyte grows in damp irrigation ditches, at the bottom of gorges and in damp zones dominated by herbaceous vegetation on a basic substrate. It is found in a mountainous environment more or less characterized by a sub-humid climate. Frequently grows in association with Erica erigena.

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
EN
Endangered

Red List Criteria
B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii)

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2006

Assessor/s
Fabregat Llueca, C. & López Udias, S.

Reviewer/s
Strahm, W. & de Montmollin, B. (Mediterranean Island Plants Red List Authority)

Contributor/s

Justification
This species is only known from five locations and that the extent and quality of its habitat are in decline.

History
  • 1997
    Vulnerable
    (Walter and Gillett 1998)
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Population

Population
It has been estimated that the 5 known subpopulations contain 18,514 individuals.

5 confirmed subpopulations:
Alto de Tona, Caroch: 87 individuals
Umbría del Caroch: 641 individuals
Fuente del Puntalejo: 1,521 individuals
La Unde: 16,257 individuals
Mountain range Palomera: 8 individuals

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
This species is dependent on maintained humidity and is vulnerable to prolonged drought, and drainage works or water course canalizations that reduce water supply in the habitat. The collection of this plant is also a threat for the subpopulations near human habitation. The enlargement of roads could threaten some subpopulations.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
The species is present in the LIC of Muela de Cortes and Caroc” and Valle de Ayora and Sierra del Boqueró”. Three subpopulations have been designated as Flora Micro Reserves. Seeds are stored in the genebank of the Botanical Garden of Valencia and it is also under cultivation.
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