The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Ahokas, H. & B. Fredskild. 1991. Coexistence and hybridization of Leymus mollis and L. arenarius in Greenland, and demarcation of the species by endospermal prolamins, leymins. Nordic J. Bot. 11(4): 385–392. External link.
  • Barkworth, M. E. & R. J. Atkins. 1984. Leymus Hochst. (Gramineae: Triticeae) in North America: taxonomy and distribution. Amer. J. Bot. 71: 609–625. External link.
  • Cody, W. J. 1996. Fl. Yukon Terr. i–xvii, 1–669. NRC Research Press, Ottawa. External link.
  • Darke, R. 1999. Color Encycl. Ornam. Grasses 1–325. Timber Press, Portland. External link.
  • Flora of China Editorial Committee. 2006. Fl. China 22: 1–733. Science Press & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing & St. Louis. External link.
  • Fredskild, B. 1996. A phytogeographical study of the vascular plants of West Greenland (62o20'-74o00'N). BioScience 45: 1–157. External link.
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. J. Cronquist. 1991. Man. Vasc. Pl. N.E. U.S. (ed. 2) i–910. New York Botanical Garden, Bronx. External link.
  • Govaerts R. (ed). For a full list of reviewers see: (2013). WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (version Oct 2011). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Hitchcock, A. S. 1951. Man. Grasses U.S. (ed. 2) 1–1051. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C. External link.
  • Isotype: Hackel, E. 1903. Bull. Herb. Boissier ser. 2. 3: 507.
  • Isotype: Scribner, F. L. & Smith, J. G. 1898. U.S.D.A. Div. Agrostol. Bull. 11: 56.
  • Isotype: Scribner, F. L. 1898. U.S.D.A. Div. Agrostol. Bull. 11: 55.
  • Pilg. 1947. In: Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 74: 6
  • SPECIMEN BASED RECORD. Published protolog data. External link.
  • Soreng, R. J. 2003. Leymus. In Catalogue of New World Grasses (Poaceae): IV. Subfamily Pooideae. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 48: 422–425. External link.
  • Soreng, R. J., G. Davidse, P. M. Peterson, F. O. Zuloaga, E. J. Judziewicz, T. S. Filgueiras & O. Morrone. 2003 and onwards. On-line taxonomic novelties and updates, distributional additions and corrections, and editorial changes since the four published volumes of the Catalogue of New World Grasses (Poaceae) published in Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. vols. 39, 41, 46, and 48. In R. J. Soreng, G. Davidse, P. M. Peterson, F. O. Zuloaga, T. S. Filgueiras, E. J. Judziewicz & O. Morrone Internet Cat. New World Grasses. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis. External link.
  • Tolmatchev, A. I. 1964. Gramineae. Arktic. Fl. SSSR 2: 1–274. External link.
  • von Bothmer, R., B. Salomon, T. Enomoto & O. Watanabe. 2005. Distribution, habitat and status for perennial Triticeae species in Japan. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 126(3): 317–346. External link.


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