History in the United States
Regularity: Regularly occurring
Distribution and Habitat in the United States
Description and Biology
- Plant: woody stems varying from about ¼ in. (arrow) to 3-4 in. diameter (common and golden) with hollow centers and solid joints; grow to heights of 7-8 ft. (arrow) to 16-40 ft. (common and golden).
- Leaves: strap-shaped and tapering with pointed tips, tough, somewhat papery or leathery, up to 10 in. long and 1-2 in. across.
- Flowers, fruits and seeds: flowering is infrequent and unpredictable; flowers are grasslike and not especially showy.
- Spreads: by vegetative means through vigorous rhizomatous growth.
- Look-alikes: other bamboos, including native giant cane (Arundinaria gigantea) and some tall grasses.
Catalog Number: US 2808850
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Original publication and alleged type specimen examined
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): P. F. von Siebold
Locality: Honshu, Japan, Asia-Temperate
- Type fragment: Siebold, P. F. & Zuccarini, J. G. 1854. Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 334.
Habitat & Distribution
Foodplant / parasite
hypophyllous telium of Puccinia longicornis parasitises live leaf of Arundinaria japonica
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Barcode data: Pseudosasa japonica
Statistics of barcoding coverage: Pseudosasa japonica
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 5
Species With Barcodes: 1
National NatureServe Conservation Status
Rounded National Status Rank: NNA - Not Applicable
NatureServe Conservation Status
Rounded Global Status Rank: GNR - Not Yet Ranked
Prevention and Control
Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems
Ecological Threat in the United States
Pseudosasa japonica's common name, "Arrow Bamboo" or "Japanese Arrow Bamboo" results from the Japanese Samurai using its hard and stiff canes for their arrows.
In the United States it is found in USDA Plantzones 10 through 6, (ie: Florida to New York).
This cold hardy bamboo species (tolerant to 0*F) grows well both in shade and also in full sun. The culms are typically yellow-brown and it has palmfont-like leaves. Pseudosasa japonica does very well in containers and salty air near the ocean. Because it tends to be more shade tolerant than other bamboo species it is often used by gardeners as an understory to a tree-lined living fence.
- Pseudosasa japonica var. japonica
- Pseudosasa japonica var. tsutsumiana
- "ITIS Standard Report Page: Pseudosasa japonica". Itis.gov. 2009-11-24. Retrieved 2011-08-30.
- "PLANTS Profile for Pseudosasa japonica (arrow bamboo) | USDA PLANTS". Plants.usda.gov. Retrieved 2011-08-30.
- "Cape May Bamboo - Pseudosasa Japonica (Japanese Arrow Bamboo)". Retrieved 2012-03-11.
|This article lacks ISBNs for the books listed in it. (September 2011)|
- Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
- Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
- Ohrnberger, D. 1999. The bamboos of the world.
- Ohwi, J. 1965. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.).
- Tai Hyun Chung. 1965. Illustrated encyclopedia of fauna & flora of Korea, vol. 5, Tracheophyta.
- Wang Dajun & Shen Shao-Jin. 1987. Bamboos of China.
- Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
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