The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • 1.  Alexander, Billy G., Jr.; Fitzhugh, E. Lee; Ronco, Frank, Jr.; Ludwig,        John A. 1987. A classification of forest habitat types of the northern        portion of the Cibola National Forest, New Mexico. Gen. Tech. Rep.        RM-143. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest        Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. 35 p.        [4207]
  • 10.  Berndt, Herbert W.; Gibbons, Robert D. 1958. Root distribution of some        native trees and understory plants growing on three sites within        ponderosa pine watersheds in Colorado. Station Paper No. 37. Fort        Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky        Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. 14 p.  [16337]
  • 11.  Biswell, Harold H. 1973. Fire ecology in ponderosa pine-grassland. In:        Komarek, Edwin V., Sr., technical coordinator. Proceedings, annual Tall        Timbers fire ecology conference; 1972 June 8-9; Lubbock, TX. Number 12.        Tallahassee, FL: Tall Timbers Research Station: 69-96.  [8462]
  • 12.  Bojorquez Tapia, Luis A.; Ffolliott, Peter F.; Guertin, D. Phillip.        1990. Herbage production-forest overstory relationships in two Arizona        ponderosa pine forests. Journal of Range Management. 43(1): 25-28.        [11509]
  • 13.  Carman, J. G.; Briske, D. D. 1985. Morphologic & allozymic variation        between long-term grazed & non-grazed populations of the bunchgrass        Schizachrium scoparium var. frequens. Oecologia. 66: 332-337.  [3319]
  • 14.  Clary, Warren P. 1975. Range management and its ecological basis in the        ponderosa pine type of Arizona: the status of our knowledge. Res. Pap.        RM-158. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest        Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. 35 p.        [4688]
  • 15.  Costello, David F.; Schwan, H. E. 1946. Conditions and trends on        ponderosa pine ranges in Colorado. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of        Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment        Station. 33 p.  [21469]
  • 16.  Cronquist, Arthur; Holmgren, Arthur H.; Holmgren, Noel H.; [and others]
  • 17.  Currie, P. O.; Reichert, D. W.; Malechek, J. C.; Wallmo, O. C. 1977.        Forage selection comparisons for mule deer and cattle under managed        ponderosa pine. Journal of Range Management. 30(5): 352-356.  [4697]
  • 18.  Currie, Pat O. 1975. Grazing management of ponderosa pine-buchgrass        ranges of the central Rocky Mountains. Res. Pap. RM-159. Fort Collins,        CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain        Forest and Range Experiment Station. 24 p.  [12600]
  • 19.  Currie, Pat O. 1976. Recovery of ponderosa pine-bunchgrass ranges        through grazing and herbicide or fertilizer treatments. Journal of Range        Management. 29(6): 444-448.  [15824]
  • 2.  Alexander, Robert R. 1987. Classification of the forest vegetation of        Colorado by habitat type and community type. Res. Note RM-478. Fort        Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky        Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. 14 p.  [9092]
  • 20.  Darrow, Robert A. 1944. Arizona range resources and their utilization:        1. Cochise County. Tech. Bull. 103. Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona,        Agricultural Experiment Station: 311-364.  [4521]
  • 22.  DeVelice, Robert L.; Ludwig, John A.; Moir, William H.; Ronco, Frank,        Jr. 1986. A classification of forest habitat types of northern New        Mexico and southern Colorado. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-131. Fort Collins, CO:        U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest        and Range Experiment Station. 59 p.  [781]
  • 23.  Dittberner, Phillip L.; Olson, Michael R. 1983. The plant information        network (PIN) data base: Colorado, Montana, North Dakota, Utah, and        Wyoming. FWS/OBS-83/86. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of the Interior,        Fish and Wildlife Service. 786 p.  [806]
  • 24.  Dorn, Robert D. 1984. Vascular plants of Montana. Cheyenne, WY: Mountain        West Publishing. 276 p.  [819]
  • 25.  Dorn, Robert D. 1988. Vascular plants of Wyoming. Cheyenne, WY: Mountain        West Publishing. 340 p.  [6129]
  • 27.  Ffolliott, Peter F.; Gottfried, Gerald J. 1989. Production and        utilization of herbaceous plants in small clearcuts in an Arizona mixed        conifer forest. Res. Note RM-494. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of        Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment        Station. 5 p.  [10543]
  • 28.  Fitzhugh, E. Lee; Moir, William H.; Ludwig, John A.; Ronco, Frank, Jr.        1987. Forest habitat types in the Apache, Gila, and part of the Cibola        National Forests, Arizona and New Mexico. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-145. Fort        Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky        Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. 116 p.  [4206]
  • 29.  Foxx, Teralene S.; Tierney, Gail D. 1987. Rooting patterns in the        pinyon-juniper woodland. In: Everett, Richard L., compiler.        Proceedings--pinyon-juniper conference; 1986 January 13-16; Reno, NV.        Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-215. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture,        Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station: 69-79.  [4790]
  • 3.  Alexander, Robert R.; Ronco, Frank, Jr. 1987. Classification of the        forest vegetation on the National Forests of Arizona and New Mexico.        Res. Note RM-469. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture,        Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. 10        p.  [3515]
  • 31.  Gaines, Edward M.; Kallander, Harry R.; Wagner, Joe A. 1958. Controlled        burning in southwestern ponderosa pine: results from the Blue Mountain        plots, Fort Apache Indian Reservation. Journal of Forestry. 56: 323-327.        [988]
  • 33.  Gary, Howard L.; Currie, Pat O. 1977. The Front Range pine type: A        40-year photographic record of plant recovery on an abused watershed.        Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-46. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture,        Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. 17        p.  [15887]
  • 34.  Harrington, H. D. 1964. Manual of the plants of Colorado. 2d ed.        Chicago: The Swallow Press Inc. 666 p.  [6851]
  • 35.  Harris, Gary R.; Covington, W. Wallace. 1983. The effect of a prescribed        fire on nutrient concentration and standing crop of understory        vegetation in ponderosa pine. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 13:        501-507.  [4699]
  • 36.  Heady, Harold F. 1950. Studies on bluebunch wheatgrass in Montana and        height-weight relationships of certain range grasses. Ecological        Monographs. 20(1): 55-81.  [1112]
  • 37.  Heidmann, L. J. 1988. Regeneration strategies for ponderosa pine. In:        Baumgartner, David M.; Lotan, James E., compilers. Ponderosa pine: The        species and its management: Symposium proceedings; 1987 September 29 -        October 1; Spokane, WA. Pullman, WA: Washington State University,        Cooperative Extension: 227-233.  [9422]
  • 38.  Herzman, Carl W.; Everson, A. C.; Mickey, Myron H.; [and others]
  • 39.  Hess, Karl; Alexander, Robert R. 1986. Forest vegetation of the Arapaho        and Roosevelt National Forests in central Colorado: a habitat type        classification. Res. Pap. RM-266. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of        Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment        Station. 48 p.  [1141]
  • 4.  Andariese, Steven W. 1982. Time-response graphs for understory        production following fall prescribed burning in Arizona ponderosa pine        on basalt soils. Flagstaff, AZ: Northern Arizona University. 42 p.        Thesis.  [20307]
  • 40.  Hickman, James C., ed. 1993. The Jepson manual: Higher plants of        California. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. 1400 p.        [21992]
  • 41.  Hinckley, L. C. 1944. The vegetation of the Mount Livermore area in        Texas. American Midland Naturalist. 32: 236-250.  [4451]
  • 42.  Hitchcock, C. Leo; Cronquist, Arthur. 1973. Flora of the Pacific        Northwest. Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press. 730 p.  [1168]
  • 43.  Hobbs, N. Thompson; Baker, Dan L.; Ellis, James E.; Swift, David M.        1981. Composition and quality of elk winter diets in Colorado. Journal        of Wildlife Management. 45(1): 156-171.  [7421]
  • 44.  Humphrey, Robert R. 1970. Arizona range grasses: Their description,        forage value and management. Tucson, AZ: The University of Arizona        Press. 159 p.  [5567]
  • 45.  Johnson, W. M. 1956. The effect of grazing intensity on plant        composition, vigor, and growth of pine-bunchgrass ranges in central        Colorado. Ecology. 37(4): 790-798.  [16921]
  • 46.  Kearney, Thomas H.; Peebles, Robert H.; Howell, John Thomas; McClintock,        Elizabeth. 1960. Arizona flora. 2d ed. Berkeley, CA: University of        California Press. 1085 p.  [6563]
  • 48.  Komarkova, Vera; Alexander, Robert R.; Johnston, Barry C. 1988. Forest        vegetation of the Gunnison and parts of the Uncompahgre National        Forests: a preliminary habitat type classification. Gen. Tech. Rep.        RM-163. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest        Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. 65 p.        [5798]
  • 5.  Andariese, Steven W.; Covington, W. Wallace. 1986. Changes in understory        production for three prescribed burns of different ages in ponderosa        pine. Forest Ecology and Management. 14: 193-203.  [8101]
  • 50.  Larson, M. M.; Schubert, Gilbert H. 1969. Root competition between        ponderosa pine seedlings and grass. Res. Pap. RM-54. Fort Collins, CO:        U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest        and Range Experiment Station. 12 p.  [4713]
  • 51.  Larson, Milo; Moir, W. H. 1987. Forest and woodland habitat types (plant        associations) of northern New Mexico and northern Arizona. 2d ed.        Albuquerque, NM: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service,        Southwestern Region. 90 p.  [8947]
  • 52.  Lowe, Philip Orval. 1975. Potential wildlife benefits of fire in        ponderosa pine forests. Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona. 131 p. M.S.        thesis.  [5115]
  • 53.  Madany, Michael H.; West, Neil E. 1983. Livestock grazing-fire regime        interactions within montane forests of Zion National Park, Utah.        Ecology. 64(4): 661-667.  [1509]
  • 55.  Moinat, A. D. 1956. Comparative yields of herbage from oak scrub and        interspersed grassland in Colorado. Ecology. 37(4): 852-854.  [1671]
  • 56.  Moir, William H. 1967. The subalpine tall grass, Festuca thurberi,        community of Sierra Blanca, New Mexico. Southwestern Naturalist. 12(3):        321-328.  [1675]
  • 58.  Moir, W. H.; Dieterich, J. H. 1988. Old-growth ponderosa pine from        succession in pine-bunchgrass forests in Arizona and New Mexico. Natural        Areas Journal. 8(1): 17-24.  [6781]
  • 59.  Muldavin, Esteban H.; DeVelice, Robert L. 1987. A forest habitat type        classification of southern Arizona and its relationship to forests of        the Sierra Madre Occidental of Mexico. In: Aldon, Earl F.; Gonzales        Vicente, Carlos E.; Moir, William H., technical coordinators. Strategies        for classification and management of native vegetation for food        production in arid zones: Proceedings; 1987 October 12-16; Tucson, AZ.        Gen, Tech. Rep. RM-150. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of        Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment        Station: 24-31.  [2728]
  • 6.  Arnold, Joseph F. 1950. Changes in ponderosa pine bunchgrass ranges in        northern Arizona resulting from pine regeneration and grazing. Journal        of Forestry. February: 118-126.  [352]
  • 60.  Munz, Philip A. 1973. A California flora and supplement. Berkeley, CA:        University of California Press. 1905 p.  [6155]
  • 61.  Niering, William A. 1981. The role of fire management in altering        ecosystems. In: Mooney, H. A.; Bonnicksen, T. M.; Christensen, N. L.;        [and others]
  • 62.  Oswald, Brian P.; Covington, W. Wallace. 1984. Effect of a prescribed        fire on herbage production in southwestern ponderosa pine on sedimentary        soils. Forest Science. 30(1): 22-25.  [2805]
  • 63.  Parker, Karl G. 1975. Some important Utah range plants. Extension        Service Bulletin EC-383. Logan, UT: Utah State University. 174 p.        [9878]
  • 64.  Pearson, Henry A. 1965. Studies of forage digestibility under ponderosa        pine stands. In: Proceedings: Society of American Foresters meeting;        1964 September 27 - October 1; Denver, CO. Washington, DC: Society of        American Foresters: 71-73.  [11513]
  • 65.  Pearson, Henry A. 1967. Phenology of Arizona fescue and mountain muhly        in the northern Arizona ponderosa pine type. Res. Note RM-89. Fort        Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky        Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. 4 p.  [5306]
  • 68.  Quinn, James A.; Miller, Roy V. 1967. A biotic selection study utilizing        Muhlenbergia montana. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club. 94(5):        423-432.  [4045]
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  • 71.  Rietveld, W. J. 1975. Phytotoxic grass residues reduce germination and        initial root growth of ponderosa pine. Res. Pap. RM-153. Fort Collins,        CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain        Forest and Range Experiment Station. 15 p.  [5619]
  • 72.  Rietveld, W. J. 1977. Phytotoxic effects of bunchgrass residues on        germination and initial root growth of yellow sweetclover. Journal of        Range Management. 30(1): 39-43.  [15889]
  • 74.  Ross, Robert L.; Murray, Earl P.; Haigh, June G. 1973. Soil and        vegetation inventory of near-pristine sites in Montana. Bozeman, MT:        U.S. Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service. 55 p.  [2029]
  • 76.  Smith, Dwight R. 1967. Effects of cattle grazing on a ponderosa        pine-bunchgrass range in Colorado. Technical Bulletin No. 1371.        Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. 60 p.        [4763]
  • 8.  Benninger-Truax, Mary; Vankat, John L.; Schaefer, Robert L. 1992. Trail        corridors as habitat and conduits for movement of plant species in Rocky        Mountain National Park, Colorado, USA. Landscape Ecology. 6(4): 269-278.        [22175]
  • 80.  Vose, James M.; White, Alan S. 1987. Processes of understory seedling        recruitment 1 year after prescribed fire in an Arizona ponderosa pine        community. Canadian Journal of Botany. 65: 2280-2290.  [4053]
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  • 82.  Welsh, Stanley L.; Atwood, N. Duane; Goodrich, Sherel; Higgins, Larry        C., eds. 1987. A Utah flora. Great Basin Naturalist Memoir No. 9. Provo,        UT: Brigham Young University. 894 p.  [2944]
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  • Beetle, A.A. 1995. Gram. México 4: 1–342. Secretaria de Agricultura y Recursos Hidraulícos: COTECOCA, México.
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  • Hickman, J. C. 1993. The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California 1–1400. University of California Press, Berkeley.
  • Hitchc. 1920. In: Bull. U.S.D.A. 772: 147
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  • Holotype: Beal, W. J. 1896. Grasses N. Amer. 2: 242.
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