The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Barkworth, M.E., K.M. Capels, S. Long & M.B. Piep. 2003. Magnoliophyta: Commelinidae (in part): Poaceae, part 2. Fl. N. Amer. 25: i–xxv, 1–783.
  • Bor, N. L. 1960. Grass. Burma, Ceylon, India & Pakistan i–xviii, 1–767. Pergamon Press, Oxford.
  • CONABIO. 2009. Catálogo taxonómico de especies de México. 1. In Capital Nat. México. CONABIO, Mexico City.
  • Cody, W. J. 1996. Fl. Yukon Terr. i–xvii, 1–669. NRC Research Press, Ottawa.
  • De Graminibus Unifloris et Sesquifloris 189, 190, 297, t. 5, f. 8. 1824. (Gram. Unifl. Sesquifl.)
  • De Graminibus Unifloris et Sesquifloris 190, 297. 1824. (Gram. Unifl. Sesquifl.)
  • Fernald, M. 1950. Manual (ed. 8) i–lxiv, 1–1632. American Book Co., New York.
  • Flora Boreali-Americana 1: 53. 1803. (Fl. Bor.-Amer.)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A.J. Cronquist. 1991. Man. Vasc. Pl. N.E. U.S. (ed. 2) i–910. New York Botanical Garden, Bronx.
  • Govaerts R. (ed). For a full list of reviewers see: (2015). WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (version Sep 2014). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Great Plains Flora Association. 1986. Fl. Great Plains i–vii, 1–1392. University Press of Kansas, Lawrence.
  • Hickman, J. C. 1993. The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California 1–1400. University of California Press, Berkeley.
  • Hitchcock, A. S. 1951. Man. Grasses U.S. (ed. 2) 1–1051. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C.
  • Hitchcock, C. H., A.J. Cronquist, F. M. Ownbey & J. W. Thompson. 1969. Vascular Cryptogams, Gymnosperms, and Monocotyledons. 1: 1–914. In C. L. Hitchcock Vasc. Pl. Pacif. N.W. University of Washington Press, Seattle.
  • Hort. Gram. Wob. 278. 1816. (Hort. Gram. Wob.)
  • Isotype: Torrey, J. 1843. Rep. Basin Mississippi R. 164.
  • Kucera, C. L. 1998. The Grasses of Missouri 305 pp., University of Missouri Press, Colombia.
  • Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck. 1959. Cal. Fl. 1–1681. University of California Press, Berkeley.
  • Peterson, P. M. 2000. Systematics of the Muhlenbergiinae (Chloridoideae: Eragrostideae). 195–212. In S. W. L. Jacobs & J. Everett (eds.) Grasses: Syst. Evol. CSIRO, Melbourne.
  • Peterson, P. M. 2001. Muhlenbergia. 41: 143–173. In P. M. Peterson, R. J. Soreng, G. Davidse, T. S. Filgueiras, F. O. Zuloaga & E. J. Judziewicz (eds.) Catalogue of New World Grasses (Poaceae): II. Subfamily Chloridoideae, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.
  • Possible type: Wood, A. 1871. Amer. Bot. and Flor. Pt. 2. 386.
  • Radford, A. E., H. E. Ahles & C. R. Bell. 1968. Man. Vasc. Fl. Carolinas i–lxi, 1–1183. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill.
  • Small, J. K. 1933. Man. S.E. Fl. i–xxii, 1–1554. Published by the Author, New York.
  • Soreng, R. J., G. Davidse, P. M. Peterson, F. O. Zuloaga, E. J. Judziewicz, T. S. Filgueiras & O. N. Morrone. 2003 and onwards. On-line taxonomic novelties and updates, distributional additions and corrections, and editorial changes since the four published volumes of the Catalogue of New World Grasses (Poaceae) published in Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. vols. 39, 41, 46, and 48. In R. J. Soreng, G. Davidse, P. M. Peterson, F. O. Zuloaga, T. S. Filgueiras, E. J. Judziewicz & O. N. Morrone (eds.) Internet Cat. New World Grasses. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.
  • Supplementum Plantarum 107. 1781[1782]. (Apr 1782) (Suppl. Pl.)
  • Synopsis Plantarum Glumacearum 1: 170. 1854. (Syn. Pl. Glumac.)
  • Trin. 1824. In: Gram. Unifl. Sesquifl. : 189
  • Welsh, S. L. 1974. Anderson's Fl. Alaska Adj. Parts Canada i–xvi, 1–724. Brigham Young University Press, Provo.


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