The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Allred, K. W. 1986. Studies in the Aristida (Gramineae) of the southeastern United States. IV. Key and conspectus. Rhodora 88(855): 367–387.
  • Allred, K. W. 1992. The genus Aristida (Gramineae) in California. Great Basin Naturalist 52(1): 41–52.
  • Barkworth, M.E., K.M. Capels, S. Long & M.B. Piep. 2003. Magnoliophyta: Commelinidae (in part): Poaceae, part 2. Fl. N. Amer. 25: i–xxv, 1–783.
  • Beetle, A.A. 1977. Noteworthy grasses from Mexico V. Phytologia 37(4): 317–407.
  • Beetle, A.A. 1983. Gram. México 1: 1–260. Secretaria de Agricultura y Recursos Hidraulícos: COTECOCA, México.
  • CONABIO. 2009. Catálogo taxonómico de especies de México. 1. In Capital Nat. México. CONABIO, Mexico City.
  • Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 17(3): 280. 1913. (Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb.)
  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Man. Vasc. Pl. Texas i–xv, 1–1881. The University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson.
  • Darke, R. 1999. Color Encycl. Ornam. Grasses 1–325. Timber Press, Portland.
  • Davidse, G., H. M. Longhi-Wagner & S. Lægaard. 2003. Aristida. In Catalogue of New World Grasses (Poaceae): III. Subfamilies Panicoideae, Aristidoideae, Arundinoideae, and Danthonioideae. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 46: 69–104.
  • Flora of the Southeastern United States 1327. 1903. (22 Jul 1903) (Fl. S.E. U.S.)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A.J. Cronquist. 1991. Man. Vasc. Pl. N.E. U.S. (ed. 2) i–910. New York Botanical Garden, Bronx.
  • Govaerts R. (ed). For a full list of reviewers see: (2015). WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (version Sep 2014). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Great Plains Flora Association. 1986. Fl. Great Plains i–vii, 1–1392. University Press of Kansas, Lawrence.
  • Hartman, R. L. & B. E. Nelson. 1998. Novelties from North America north of Mexico: A 20-Year Vascular plant Diversity Baseline. 1–51 (mss.).
  • Hickman, J. C. 1993. The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California 1–1400. University of California Press, Berkeley.
  • Hitchcock, A. S. 1951. Man. Grasses U.S. (ed. 2) 1–1051. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C.
  • Holotype: Merrill, E. D. 1901. U.S.D.A. Div. Agrostol. Circ. 34: 8.
  • Holotype: Vasey, G. 1892. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 3 (1): 47.
  • Isotype: Scheele, G. H. A. 1849. Linnaea. 22: 343.
  • Isotype: Trinius, C. B. von & Ruprecht, F. J. 1842. Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Petersbourg, Ser. 6, Sci. Math., Seconde Pt. Sci. Nat. 5: 102.
  • Isotype: Trinius, C. B. von & Ruprecht, F. J. 1842. Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Petersbourg, Ser. 6, Sci. Math., Seconde Pt. Sci. Nat. 5: 107.
  • L. D. Harris and L. Paur, A quantitative food web analysis of a shortgrass community, Technical Report No. 154, Grassland Biome. U.S. International Biological Program (1972), from p. 17.
  • Linnaea 22(3): 343. 1849. (Linnaea)
  • Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck. 1959. Cal. Fl. 1–1681. University of California Press, Berkeley.
  • Munz, P. A. 1974. Fl. S. Calif. 1–1086. University of California Press, Berkeley.
  • Nutt. 1837. In: Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc. , n.s., 5: 145
  • Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 14: 93. 1862. (25 Apr 1862) (Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia)
  • Shreve, F. & I. L. Wiggins. 1964. Veg. Fl. Sonoran Des. 2 vols. Stanford University Press, Stanford.
  • Sida 9(4): 358, f. 1. 1982. (Sida)
  • Soreng, R. J., G. Davidse, P. M. Peterson, F. O. Zuloaga, E. J. Judziewicz, T. S. Filgueiras & O. N. Morrone. 2003 and onwards. On-line taxonomic novelties and updates, distributional additions and corrections, and editorial changes since the four published volumes of the Catalogue of New World Grasses (Poaceae) published in Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. vols. 39, 41, 46, and 48. In R. J. Soreng, G. Davidse, P. M. Peterson, F. O. Zuloaga, T. S. Filgueiras, E. J. Judziewicz & O. N. Morrone (eds.) Internet Cat. New World Grasses. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.
  • Syntype: Vasey, G. 1892. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 3 (1): 47.
  • Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, new series 5(6[1]): 145. 1837[1835]. (Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc., n.s.)
  • Type fragment: Nuttall, T. 1837. Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc. 5: 145.
  • Valdés R., J. & K. W. Allred. 2003. El género Aristida (Gramineae) en el nordeste de México. Acta Bot. Mex. 63: 1–45.
  • Warnock, B. H. 1982. A new three-awn grass from Trans-Pecos, Texas. Sida 9: 358–359.


EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!