The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

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  • 15. Evans, Gary Richard. 1967. Ecology of Aristida longiseta in northcentral Idaho. Moscow, ID: University of Idaho. 69 p. Thesis. [3824]
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  • 22. Great Plains Flora Association. 1986. Flora of the Great Plains. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas. 1392 p. [1603]
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  • 26. Hickman, James C., ed. 1993. The Jepson manual: Higher plants of California. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. 1400 p. [21992]
  • 27. Hitchcock, A. S. 1951. Manual of the grasses of the United States. Misc. Publ. No. 200. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Administration. 1051 p. [2nd edition revised by Agnes Chase in two volumes. New York: Dover Publications, Inc.]
  • 28. Humphrey, Robert R.; Brown, Albert L.; Everson, A. C. 1952. Common Arizona range grasses: Their description, forage value and management. Bulletin 243. Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona, Agricultural Experiment Station. 102 p. [4442]
  • 29. Huston, J. E.; Rector, B. S.; Merrill, L. B.; Engdahl, B. S. 1981. Nutritional value of range plants in the Edwards Plateau region of Texas. Report B-1375. College Station, TX: Texas A&M University System, Texas Agricultural Experiment Station. 16 p. [4565]
  • 3. Bunting, Stephen C.; Wright, Henry A. 1977. Effects of fire on desert mountain shrub vegetation in Trans-Pecos, Texas. In: Sosebee, Ronald E.; Wright, Henry A., eds. Research highlights: Noxious brush and weed control: range and wildlife management. Volume 8. Lubbock, TX: Texas Tech University: 14-15. [12205]
  • 30. Jackson, Carola V. 1928. Seed germination in certain New Mexico range grasses. Botanical Gazette. 86: 270-294. [3688]
  • 31. Johnson, Charles G., Jr.; Simon, Steven A. 1987. Plant associations of the Wallowa-Snake Province: Wallowa-Whitman National Forest. R6-ECOL-TP-255A-86. Baker, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Region, Wallowa-Whitman National Forest. 399 p. [9600]
  • 32. Kartesz, John T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. Volume II--thesaurus. 2nd ed. Portland, OR: Timber Press. 816 p. [23878]
  • 33. Kearney, Thomas H.; Peebles, Robert H.; Howell, John Thomas; McClintock, Elizabeth. 1960. Arizona flora. 2d ed. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. 1085 p. [6563]
  • 34. Kemp, Paul R. 1983. Phenological patterns of Chihuahuan desert plants in relation to the timing of water availability. Journal of Ecology. 71: 427-436. [5054]
  • 35. Kinucan, R. J.; Smeins, F. E. 1992. Soil seed bank of a semiarid Texas grassland under three long-term (36-years) grazing regimes. American Midland Naturalist. 128: 11-21. [19633]
  • 37. Lackschewitz, Klaus. 1991. Vascular plants of west-central Montana--identification guidebook. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-227. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station. 648 p. [13798]
  • 38. Larson, Floyd; Whitman, Warren. 1942. A comparison of used and unused grassland mesas in the Badlands of South Dakota. Ecology. 23: 438-445. [4000]
  • 39. McGinnies, William J.; Shantz, Homer L.; McGinnies, William G. 1991. Changes in vegetation and land use in eastern Colorado: A photographic study, 1904 to 1986. ARS-85. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service. 165 p. [18824]
  • 4. Canfield, R. H. 1948. Perennial grass composition as an indicator of condition of Southwestern mixed grass ranges. Ecology. 29: 190-204. [5308]
  • 40. Mueggler, W. F.; Stewart, W. L. 1980. Grassland and shrubland habitat types of western Montana. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-66. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. 154 p. [1717]
  • 41. National Academy of Sciences. 1971. Atlas of nutritional data on United States and Canadian feeds. Washington, DC: National Academy of Sciences. 772 p. [1731]
  • 42. Nelson, A. B.; Herbel, H. M. 1970. Chemical composition of forage species grazed by cattle on an arid New Mexico range. Bulletin 561. Las Cruces, NM: New Mexico State University, Agricultural Experiment Station. 33 p. [4034]
  • 43. Nelson, Enoch W. 1934. The influence of precipitation and grazing upon black grama grass range. Technical Bulletin No. 409. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture. 32 p. [4175]
  • 44. Peden, Donald G. 1976. Botanical composition of bison diets on shortgrass plains. American Midland Naturalist. 96(1): 225-229. [24596]
  • 47. Steuter, Allen A.; Wright, Henry A. 1983. Spring burning effects on redberry juniper-mixed grass habitats. Journal of Range Management. 36(2): 161-164. [18716]
  • 49. Stoddart, L. A. 1941. The palouse grassland association in northern Utah. Ecology. 22(2): 158-163. [2258]
  • 5. Carlson, D. H.; Thurow, T. L.; Knight, R. W.; Heitschmidt, R. K. 1990. Effect of honey mesquite on the water balance of Texas rolling plains rangeland. Journal of Range Management. 43(6): 491-496. [14115]
  • 50. Stubbendieck, J.; Hatch, Stephan L.; Hirsch, Kathie J. 1986. North American range plants. 3rd ed. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press. 465 p. [2270]
  • 51. Tisdale, E. W. 1986. Canyon grasslands and associated shrublands of West-central Idaho and adjacent areas. Bulletin Number 40. Moscow, ID: University of Idaho, Forest, Wildlife and Range Experiment Station, College of Forestry, Wildlife and Range Sciences. 42 p. [2338]
  • 52. Trlica, M. J., Jr.; Schuster, J. L. 1969. Effects of fire on grasses of the Texas high plains. Journal of Range Management. 22: 329-333. [2359]
  • 53. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. 1937. Range plant handbook. Washington, DC. 532 p. [2387]
  • 56. Vallentine, John F. 1961. Important Utah range grasses. Extension Circular 281. Logan, UT: Utah State University. 48 p. [2937]
  • 57. Wallmo, O. C. 1955. Vegetation of the Huachuca Mountains, Arizona. American Midland Naturalist. 54: 466-480. [20325]
  • 58. Weaver, J. E. 1968. Prairie plants and their environment: A fifty-year study in the Midwest. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press. 276 p. [17546]
  • 59. Weaver, J. E.; Albertson, F. W. 1956. Grasslands of the Great Plains. Lincoln, NE: Johnsen Publishing Company. 395 p. [2463]
  • 6. Christensen, Earl M. 1964. Changes in composition of a Bromus tectorum-Sporobolus cryptandrus-Aristida longiseta community following fire. Utah Academy Proceedings. 41(I): 53-57. [626]
  • 61. Welsh, Stanley L.; Atwood, N. Duane; Goodrich, Sherel; Higgins, Larry C., eds. 1987. A Utah flora. Great Basin Naturalist Memoir No. 9. Provo, UT: Brigham Young University. 894 p. [2944]
  • 62. Wright, Henry A. 1974. Effect of fire on southern mixed prairie grasses. Journal of Range Management. 27(6): 417-419. [2614]
  • 63. Wright, Henry A.; Bailey, Arthur W.; Thompson, Rita P. 1978. The role and use of fire in the Great Plains: A-state-of-the-art-review. In: Prairie prescribed burning symposium and workshop: Proceedings; 1978 April 25-28; Jamestown, ND. [Place of publication unknown]
  • 7. Clippinger, Norman W. 1989. Habitat suitability index models: black-tailed prairie dog. Biol. Rep. 82 (10.156). Washington, DC: U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service. 21 p. [11725]
  • 8. Cronquist, Arthur; Holmgren, Arthur H.; Holmgren, Noel H.; [and others]
  • 9. Daubenmire, R. 1970. Steppe vegetation of Washington. Technical Bulletin 62. Pullman, WA: Washington State University, College of Agriculture, Washington Agricultural Experiment Station. 131 p. [733]
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  • Allred, K. W. & J. Valdés-Reyna. 1995. Novelties and notes in North American Aristida (Gramineae). Novon 5(3): 209–222.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/1001324 External link.
  • Allred, K. W. 1986. Studies in the Aristida (Gramineae) of the southeastern United States. IV. Key and conspectus. Rhodora 88(855): 367–387.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/9399 External link.
  • Allred, K. W. 1992. The genus Aristida (Gramineae) in California. Great Basin Naturalist 52(1): 41–52.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/41251 External link.
  • Anonymous. 1986. List-Based Rec., Soil Conserv. Serv., U.S.D.A. Database of the U.S.D.A., Beltsville.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/1103 External link.
  • Barkworth, M. E., K. M. Capels, S. Long & M. B. Piep. 2003. Magnoliophyta: Commelinidae (in part): Poaceae, part 2. 25: i–xxv, 1–783. In Fl. N. Amer. Oxford University Press, New York.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/1021466 External link.
  • Beetle, A. A. 1977. Noteworthy grasses from Mexico V. Phytologia 37(4): 317–407.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/2538 External link.
  • Beetle, A. A. 1983. Gram. México 1: 1–260. Secretaria de Agricultura y Recursos Hidraulícos: COTECOCA, México.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/26010 External link.
  • CONABIO. 2009. Catálogo taxonómico de especies de México. 1. In Capital Nat. México. CONABIO, Mexico City.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/1033332 External link.
  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Man. Vasc. Pl. Texas i–xv, 1–1881. The University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/1493 External link.
  • Cronquist, A. J., A. H. Holmgren, N. H. Holmgren & Reveal. 1977. Vascular Plants of the Intermountain West, U.S.A. 6: 1–584. In A. J. Cronquist, A. H. Holmgren, N. H. Holmgren, J. L. Reveal & P. K. Holmgren (eds.) Intermount. Fl. Hafner Pub. Co., New York.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/1725 External link.
  • Darke, R. 1999. Color Encycl. Ornam. Grasses 1–325. Timber Press, Portland.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/1010847 External link.
  • Davidse, H., Longhi-Wagner G. & S. Laegaard. 2003. Aristida. In Catalogue of New World Grasses (Poaceae): III. Subfamilies Panicoideae, Aristidoideae, Arundinoideae, and Danthonioideae. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 46: 69–104.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/1003760 External link.
  • García-Mendoza, A. J. & J. Meave del Castillo. 2011. Divers. Florist. Oaxaca 1–351. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad Universitaria.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/100009052 External link.
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. J. Cronquist. 1991. Man. Vasc. Pl. N.E. U.S. (ed. 2) i–910. New York Botanical Garden, Bronx.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/40417 External link.
  • Govaerts R. (ed). For a full list of reviewers see: http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/compilersReviewers.do (2013). WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (version Oct 2011). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Great Plains Flora Association. 1986. Fl. Great Plains i–vii, 1–1392. University Press of Kansas, Lawrence.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/637 External link.
  • Hartman, R. L. & B. E. Nelson. 1998. Novelties from North America north of Mexico: A 20-Year Vascular plant Diversity Baseline. 1–51 (mss.).   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/11044 External link.
  • Hickman, J. C. 1993. Jepson Man.: Higher Pl. Calif. i–xvii, 1–1400. University of California Press, Berkeley.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/40453 External link.
  • Hitchcock, A. S. 1951. Man. Grasses U.S. (ed. 2) 1–1051. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/15758 External link.
  • Holotype: Merrill, E. D. 1901. U.S.D.A. Div. Agrostol. Circ. 34: 8.
  • Holotype: Vasey, G. 1892. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 3 (1): 47.
  • Isotype: Scheele, G. H. A. 1849. Linnaea. 22: 343.
  • Isotype: Trinius, C. B. von & Ruprecht, F. J. 1842. Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Petersbourg, Ser. 6, Sci. Math., Seconde Pt. Sci. Nat. 5: 102.
  • Isotype: Trinius, C. B. von & Ruprecht, F. J. 1842. Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Petersbourg, Ser. 6, Sci. Math., Seconde Pt. Sci. Nat. 5: 107.
  • L. D. Harris and L. Paur, A quantitative food web analysis of a shortgrass community, Technical Report No. 154, Grassland Biome. U.S. International Biological Program (1972), from p. 17.
  • Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck. 1959. Cal. Fl. 1–1681. University of California Press, Berkeley.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/1717 External link.
  • Munz, P. A. 1974. Fl. S. Calif. 1–1086. University of California Press, Berkeley.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/1719 External link.
  • Nutt. 1837. In: Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc. , n.s., 5: 145
  • Shreve, F. & I. L. Wiggins. 1964. Veg. Fl. Sonoran Des. 2 vols. Stanford University Press, Stanford.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/1805 External link.
  • Soreng, R. J., G. Davidse, P. M. Peterson, F. O. Zuloaga, E. J. Judziewicz, T. S. Filgueiras & O. Morrone. 2003 and onwards. On-line taxonomic novelties and updates, distributional additions and corrections, and editorial changes since the four published volumes of the Catalogue of New World Grasses (Poaceae) published in Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. vols. 39, 41, 46, and 48. http://www.tropicos.org/Project/CNWG:. In R. J. Soreng, G. Davidse, P. M. Peterson, F. O. Zuloaga, T. S. Filgueiras, E. J. Judziewicz & O. Morrone Internet Cat. New World Grasses. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/1024044 External link.
  • Syntype: Vasey, G. 1892. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 3 (1): 47.
  • Type fragment: Nuttall, T. 1837. Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc. 5: 145.
  • Valdés R., J. & K. W. Allred. 2003. El género Aristida (Gramineae) en el nordeste de México. Acta Bot. Mex. 63: 1–45.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/1021803 External link.
  • Warnock, B. H. 1982. A new three-awn grass from Trans-Pecos, Texas. Sida 9: 358–359.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/19098 External link.

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