Sometimes taxonomists create new names for groups that already have a name. They may do this because they are unaware of the original name, or they may think the organism before them belongs to a different group when in fact it does not. If two or more names are found to apply to the same group, they are considered synonyms. In most cases, the first name takes priority and is considered to be the valid or accepted name. However, there can be exceptions, and it's not always easy to determine which of a series of synonyms should be considered valid or accepted. Here we list the synonyms provided to EOL by our classification partners. We also include other versions of the name that most likely refer to the same group, for example, misspellings in the literature or different variations of the authorship associated with the name.

Preferred marks the preferred name from each source.

Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)

Name Relationship
Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. ex Steud. Preferred
Phragmites communis Trin. Other, see comments
Phragmites phragmites (L.) H. Karst.
Phragmites communis ssp. berlandieri (E. Fourn.) Á. Löve & D. Löve
Phragmites australis var. berlandieri (E. Fourn.) C.F. Reed
Phragmites communis var. berlandieri (E. Fourn.) Fernald
Arundo altissima Benth.
Arundo australis Cav.
Arundo graeca Link
Arundo isiaca Delile
Arundo maxima Forssk.
Arundo occidentalis Sieber ex Schult.
Arundo palustris Salisb.
Arundo phragmites L.
Arundo vulgaris Lam.
Cynodon phragmites (L.) Raspail
Oxyanthe phragmites (L.) Nieuwl.
Phragmites altissimus (Benth.) Mabille ex Debeaux
Phragmites berlandieri E. Fourn.
Phragmites capensis Nees
Phragmites caudatus Nees ex Meyen
Phragmites chilensis Steud.
Phragmites dioicus Hack. ex Conert
Phragmites dioicus Hack. ex Hicken
Phragmites fissifolius Steud.
Phragmites hispanicus Nees
Phragmites isiacus (Delile) Kunth
Phragmites martinicensis Trin. ex Steud.
Phragmites mauritianus Kunth
Phragmites maximus (Forssk.) Chiov.
Phragmites occidentalis Trin. ex Steud.
Phragmites phragmites (L.) Speg.
Phragmites vulgaris (Lam.) Crép.
Phragmites vulgaris Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.
Reimaria diffusa Spreng.
Trichoon phragmites (L.) Rendle
Phragmites australis ssp. maximus (Forssk.) Soó
Phragmites communis ssp. maximus (Forssk.) Clayton
Phragmites vulgaris ssp. maximus (Forssk.) Chiov.
Phragmites communis var. flavescens Custer
Phragmites communis var. genuinus Stuck.
Phragmites communis var. hispanicus (Nees) K. Richt.
Phragmites communis var. isiacus (Delile) Engl.
Phragmites communis var. mauritianus (Kunth) Baker
Phragmites communis var. variegatus Hitchc. ex L.H. Bailey
Phragmites maximus var. berlandieri (E. Fourn.) Moldenke
Phragmites maximus var. variegatus (Hitchc. ex L.H. Bailey) Moldenke
Phragmites vulgaris var. mauritianus (Kunth) T. Durand & Schinz

NCBI Taxonomy

Name Relationship
Phragmites australis Preferred
Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. ex Steud. Synonym
Phragmites communis

Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: April 2013

Name Relationship
Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. ex Steud. Preferred
Arundo phragmites f. salsa
Arundo aggerum Kit.
Arundo donax Forssk.
Arundo pumila (Willk.) Griseb.
Arundo australis Cav.
Arundo flexuosa Brongn.
Arundo phragmites var. subuniflora
Arundo vulgaris Lam.
Arundo naga J.Koenig ex Steud.
Arundo pseudophragmites Lej.
Arundo rivularis Steud.
Arundo phragmites L.
Arundo nigricans Mérat
Arundo barbata Burch.
Arundo pungens Steud.
Arundo egmontiana Roem. & Schult.
Arundo filiformis Hassk.
Arundo occidentalis Sieber ex Schult.
Arundo palustris Salisb.
Arundo graeca Link
Donax australis Steud.
Cynodon phragmites (L.) Raspail
Czernya arundinacea C. Presl
Remirea diffusa Sieber ex Steud.
Oxyanthe phragmites (L.) Nieuwl.
Calamagrostis nigricans Mérat
Phragmites phragmites var. subuniflorus
Phragmites nakaianus Honda
Phragmites nigricans (Mérat) Mabille
Phragmites occidentalis Trin. ex Steud.
Phragmites nagus Steud.
Phragmites filiformis Steud.
Phragmites flavescens (Custer) Hegetschw.
Phragmites pumilus Willk.
Phragmites communis subsp. berlandieri
Phragmites minor Steud.
Phragmites fissifolius Steud.
Phragmites vulgaris (Lam.) Crép.
Phragmites humilis De Not.
Phragmites willkommianus Mabille
Phragmites hispanicus Nees
Phragmites jeholensis Honda
Phragmites hirsutus Kitag.
Phragmites longivalvis Steud.
Phragmites flexuosus Trin. ex Steud.
Phragmites phragmites (L.) H. Karst.
Phragmites maximus var. variegatus
Phragmites pungens A.Chev.
Phragmites graecus (Link) Steud.
Phragmites frutescens H. Scholz
Phragmites maritimus Mabille
Phragmites stenophyllus (Boiss.) Rouy
Phragmites martinicensis Trin. ex Steud.
Phragmites jahandiezii Sennen & Mauricio
Phragmites loscosii Willk.
Phragmites australis var. marsillianus
Phragmites chilensis Steud.
Phragmites caudatus Nees
Phragmites capensis Nees
Phragmites breviglumis Pomel
Phragmites berlandieri E. Fourn.
Phragmites barbatus Stapf
Phragmites maximus var. berlandieri
Phragmites australis var. turkestanicus
Phragmites australis var. striatopictus
Phragmites communis subsp. isiacus
Phragmites australis var. salsa
Phragmites communis f. piliferus
Phragmites australis var. humilis
Phragmites australis var. flavescens
Phragmites australis var. berlandieri
Phragmites australis subsp. maritimus
Reimaria diffusa Spreng.
Phragmites australis subsp. humilis
Phragmites australis f. subuniflora
Phragmites australis f. piliferus
Phragmites arundinaceus J.Allam. ex Munro
Phragmites australis var. stenophyllus
Phragmites communis var. longivalvis
Phragmites emodii Arn. & Nees
Phragmites egmontianus (Roem. & Schult.) Steud.
Phragmites distichus Buse
Phragmites dioicus Hack. ex Conert
Phragmites dioicus Hack. ex Hicken
Phragmites congestus Lowe
Phragmites communis var. variegatus
Phragmites communis var. turkestanicus
Phragmites communis var. striatopictus
Phragmites chrysanthus var. marsillianus
Phragmites communis var. marsillianus
Phragmites communis Trin.
Phragmites communis var. isiacus
Phragmites communis var. humilis
Phragmites communis subsp. hispanicus
Phragmites communis var. hirsutus
Phragmites communis var. flavescens
Phragmites communis var. berlandieri
Phragmites communis subsp. humilis
Phragmites communis f. salsa
Phragmites communis f. repens
Phragmites explanatus Trin. ex Steud.
Phragmites communis var. stenophyllus
Phragmites xenochloa Trin. ex Steud.
Xenochloa arundinacea Licht.
Trichoon phragmites (L.) Rendle

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