Data about <i>Hordeum vulgare</i>

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Distribution

 
introduced range includes
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Alaska, USA
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
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Hawaii, USA
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
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Lower 48 United States of America
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
waif range
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Canada
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
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Greenland (Denmark)
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
geographic distribution
  • geographic distribution
    A description of the geographic distribution, or range, of the taxon. Includes descriptions of global, regional, or political aspects of range and whether the taxon is native or introduced in portions of the range and endemicity.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/SPMInfoItems#Distribution
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Africa & Madagascar - Ethiopia
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Africa & Madagascar - Gabon
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Asia - China - Anhui
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Asia - China - Fujian
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Asia - China - Guizhou
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Asia - China - Hebei
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Asia - China - Heilongjiang
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Asia - China - Henan
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Asia - China - Hubei
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Asia - China - Nei Mongol Zizhiqu
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Asia - China - Ningxia Hui
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Asia - China - Qinghai
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Asia - China - Shaanxi
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Asia - China - Shandong
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Asia - China - Taiwan
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Asia - China - Xinjiang Uygur
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Asia - China - Xizang Zizhiqu
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Asia - China - Yunnan
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Asia - China - Zhejiang
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Asia - India
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Asia - Turkey
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Mesoamerica - El Salvador
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Mesoamerica - Guatemala
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Mesoamerica - Honduras
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Mesoamerica - Mexico
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Mesoamerica - Mexico - Aguascalientes
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Mesoamerica - Mexico - Baja California
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Mesoamerica - Mexico - Chiapas
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Mesoamerica - Mexico - Chihuahua
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Mesoamerica - Mexico - Coahuila
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Mesoamerica - Mexico - Distrito Federal
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Mesoamerica - Mexico - Hidalgo
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Mesoamerica - Mexico - Jalisco
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Mesoamerica - Mexico - Michoacán
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Mesoamerica - Mexico - Morelos
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Mesoamerica - Mexico - México
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Mesoamerica - Mexico - Nuevo León
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Mesoamerica - Mexico - Oaxaca
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Mesoamerica - Mexico - Puebla
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Mesoamerica - Mexico - San Luis Potosí
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Mesoamerica - Mexico - Sonora
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Mesoamerica - Mexico - Tabasco
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Mesoamerica - Mexico - Tamaulipas
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Mesoamerica - Mexico - Veracruz
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Mesoamerica - Mexico - Zacatecas
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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North America - Canada
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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North America - Greenland
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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North America - United States
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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North America - United States - California
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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North America - United States - Michigan
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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North America - United States - North Carolina
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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North America - United States - South Carolina
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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North America - United States - Texas
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Oceania - Australia
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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South America - Argentina
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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South America - Argentina - Buenos Aires
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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South America - Argentina - Chaco
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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South America - Argentina - Córdoba
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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South America - Argentina - Entre Ríos
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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South America - Argentina - La Pampa
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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South America - Argentina - Mendoza
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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South America - Argentina - Neuquén
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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South America - Argentina - Río Negro
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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South America - Argentina - San Luis
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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South America - Argentina - Santa Cruz
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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South America - Argentina - Santa Fe
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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South America - Bolivia
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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South America - Bolivia - Cochabamba
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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South America - Bolivia - La Paz
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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South America - Bolivia - Oruro
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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South America - Brazil
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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South America - Brazil - Santa Catarina
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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South America - Chile
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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South America - Ecuador
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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South America - Ecuador - Bolívar
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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South America - Ecuador - Pichincha
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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South America - Peru
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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South America - Peru - Cusco
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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South America - Peru - Huánuco
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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South America - Uruguay
Missouri Botanical Garden  

Physical Description

 
flower color
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yellow
  • yellow
    A color hue with medium wavelength of that portion of the visible spectrum lying between orange and green, evoked in the human observer by radiant energy with wavelengths of approximately 570 to 590 nanometers.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000324
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
leaf color
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green
  • green
    A color hue with medium-low wavelength of that portion of the visible spectrum lying between yellow and blue, evoked in the human observer by radiant energy with wavelengths of approximately 490 to 570 nanometers.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000320
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
plant height median
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2.5 ft mature
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
fruit or seed color
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brown
  • brown
    A color consisting of dark orange, red, of very low intensity.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000952
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
growth habit
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graminoid
  • graminoid
    Grass or grass-like plant, including grasses (Poaceae), sedges (Cyperaceae), rushes (Juncaceae), arrow-grasses (Juncaginaceae), and quillworts (Isoetes).
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/graminoid
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
shape
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erect
  • erect
    A positional quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being upright in position or posture.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000622
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
primary growth form
  • primary growth form
    The primary growth form on the landscape in relation to soil stabilization on slopes and streamsides. Each plant species is assigned the single growth form that most enhances its ability to stabilize soil.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrimaryGrowthForm
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bunch
  • bunch
    Plant development by intravaginal tillering at or near the soil surface without production of rhizomes or stolons.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/bunch
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
fruit type
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dry fruit
Chen and Moles, 2015  
 
carbon-to-nitrogen ratio
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medium (23 – 59)
  • medium (23 – 59)
    The percentage of organic carbon divided by the percentage of total nitrogen in organic material is 23–59.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/mediumCNRatio
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
foliage texture
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smooth
  • smooth
    A texture quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's processing a surface free of roughness or irregularities.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000701
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
seed volume
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43 mm³
Chen and Moles, 2015  

Ecology

 
frost free days min
  • frost free days
    The average number of frost-free days within the plant’s known geographical range. For cultivars, the geographical range is defined as the area to which the cultivar is well adapted rather than marginally adapted.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/FrostFreeDays
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90 days
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
precipitation tolerance min
  • precipitation tolerance
    Minimum tolerable rainfall (in inches), expressed as the average annual minimum precipitation that occurs 20% of the time (i.e., the probability of it being this dry in any given year is 20%) at the driest climate station within the known geographical range of the plant. geographical range of the plant. For cultivars, the geographical range is defined as the area to which the cultivar is well adapted rather than marginally adapted.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrecipitationTolerance
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12 inch
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
precipitation tolerance max
  • precipitation tolerance
    Minimum tolerable rainfall (in inches), expressed as the average annual minimum precipitation that occurs 20% of the time (i.e., the probability of it being this dry in any given year is 20%) at the driest climate station within the known geographical range of the plant. geographical range of the plant. For cultivars, the geographical range is defined as the area to which the cultivar is well adapted rather than marginally adapted.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrecipitationTolerance
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100 inch
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
soil depth min
  • soil depth
    The minimum depth of soil required for good growth. Plants that do not have roots such as rootless aquatic plants (floating or submerged) and epiphytes are assigned a minimum root depth value of zero.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/SoilDepth
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10 inch
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
low temperature tolerance min
  • low temperature tolerance
    The minimum tolerable temperature is the lowest temperature recorded in the plant’s historical range. If this is not available, the record low January temperature recorded at climate stations within the current geographical range of the plant is used. This definition does not apply to summer annuals.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/TemperatureTolerance
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-43 degrees Fahrenheit
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
habitat
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cultivated habitat
  • cultivated habitat
    A geographical feature modified by humans by the preparation of the land, usually for the purposes of growing crops.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000113
Environments - EOL project  
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desert
  • desert
    A region rendered barren or partially barren by environmental extremes, especially by low rainfall.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000097
Environments - EOL project  
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plateau
  • plateau
    An elevated and comparatively level expanse of land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000182
Environments - EOL project  
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temperate
Environments - EOL project  
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tropical
Environments - EOL project  
 
habitat includes
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non-marine
IRMNG - Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera.  
 
interacts with
  • interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWith
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elevation median
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70.4 m
Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)  
 
elevation mean
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94.9 m
Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)  
 
elevation min
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0 m
Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)  
 
elevation max
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287.9 m
Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)  
 
elevation measurement
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1,423 m
Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History Department of Botany  
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1,600 m
Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History Department of Botany  
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1,970 m
Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History Department of Botany  
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200 m
Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History Department of Botany  
 
fire resistance
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is not fire resistant
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
allelopathic effect
  • allelopathic effect
    This is an assay of any direct or indirect, harmful or beneficial effect of one plant on another through the production of chemical compounds (allelochemicals) that escape in the environment.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/TO_0000624
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no known allelopathy
  • no known allelopathy
    There is no evidence that the organism produces compounds (allelochemicals) that influence the growth, survival, and reproduction of other organisms.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/allelopathyUnknown
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
soil requirements
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adapted to medium textured soils
  • adapted to medium textured soils
    This plan can establish and grow in soil with a medium textured surface layer. Includes: Silt, Sandy clay loam, Very fine sandy loam, Silty clay loam, Silt loam, Loam, Fine sandy loam, Sandy loam, Coarse sandy loam.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/mediumSoilYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
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not adapted to coarse textured soils
  • not adapted to coarse textured soils
    This plan cannot establish and grow in soil with a coarse textured surface layer. Includes: Sand, Coarse sand, Fine sand, Loamy coarse sand, Loamy fine sand, Loamy very fine sand, Very fine sand, Loamy sand.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/coarseSoilNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
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not adapted to fine textured soils
  • not adapted to fine textured soils
    This plan cannot establish and grow in soil with a fine textured surface layer. Includes: Sandy clay, Silty clay, Clay.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/fineSoilNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
anaerobic soil tolerance
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low tolerance
  • low tolerance
    decreased tolerance to: A tolerance quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's decreased ability to endure a stimulus.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002394
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
drought tolerance
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medium (normal)
  • medium (normal)
    Average. A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's exhibiting no deviation from normal or average.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000461
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
calcareous soil tolerance
  • calcareous soil tolerance
    The relative tolerance of the plant to calcareous soil. Calcareous soil is defined as soil containing sufficient free CaCO3 and other carbonates to effervesce visibly or audibly when treated with cold 0.1M HCl. These soils usually contain from 10 to almost 1000g/kg CaCO3 equivalent.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/CalcareousSoilTolerance
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medium (normal)
  • medium (normal)
    Average. A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's exhibiting no deviation from normal or average.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000461
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
moisture use
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medium
  • medium
    Mid-way between small and large in number, quantity, magnitude or extent.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C49507
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
salt tolerance
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high tolerance
  • high tolerance
    increased tolerance to: A tolerance quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's increased ability to endure a stimulus.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002393
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
shade tolerance
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low tolerance
  • low tolerance
    decreased tolerance to: A tolerance quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's decreased ability to endure a stimulus.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002394
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  

Life History and Behavior

 
life cycle habit
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annual
  • annual
    Of plant duration, a plant whose life span ends within one year after germination, e.g. a winter annual germinating in the autumn and flowering in the spring (esp. in Mediterranean climates), approximately synonymous to therophyte, c.f. biennial, ephemeral, perennial, c.f. also of flowering with respect to architecture, hapaxanthic, monocarpic, pleonanthic.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/annual
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
shedability
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deciduous
  • deciduous
    Deciduous (plant): A quality inhering in a plant by virtue of the bearer's disposition to shed foliage.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001731
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
bloom period
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spring
  • spring
    The season between the vernal equinox and the summer solstice.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C94731
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
active growth period
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autumn, winter and spring
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
growth rate
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fast
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
after harvest regrowth rate
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slow
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
grass growth type
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not a low growing grass
  • not a low growing grass
    The growing point (terminal meristem) of the vegetative grass tiller does not remain at or near the crown.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/lowGrowingGrassNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
resprout ability after clipping
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will not resprout
  • will not resprout
    The plant will not resprout following top (above ground biomass) removal.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/ResproutNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
germination requirements
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cold stratification not required
  • cold stratification not required
    Cold stratification does not significantly increase the seed germination percentage of this plant.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/coldStratificationNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database