Data about <i>Hordeum vulgare</i>

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Distribution

 
introduced range includes
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Alaska, USA
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
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Hawaii, USA
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
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Lower 48 United States of America
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
waif range
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Canada
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
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Greenland (Denmark)
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
geographic distribution
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Africa & Madagascar - Ethiopia
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Africa & Madagascar - Gabon
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Asia - China - Anhui
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Asia - China - Fujian
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Asia - China - Guizhou
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Asia - China - Hebei
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Asia - China - Heilongjiang
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Asia - China - Henan
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Asia - China - Hubei
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Asia - China - Nei Mongol Zizhiqu
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Asia - China - Ningxia Hui
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Asia - China - Qinghai
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Asia - China - Shaanxi
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Asia - China - Shandong
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Asia - China - Taiwan
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Asia - China - Xinjiang Uygur
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Asia - China - Xizang Zizhiqu
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Asia - China - Yunnan
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Asia - China - Zhejiang
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Asia - India
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Asia - Turkey
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Mesoamerica - El Salvador
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Mesoamerica - Guatemala
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Mesoamerica - Honduras
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Mesoamerica - Mexico
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Mesoamerica - Mexico - Aguascalientes
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Mesoamerica - Mexico - Baja California
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Mesoamerica - Mexico - Chiapas
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Mesoamerica - Mexico - Chihuahua
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Mesoamerica - Mexico - Coahuila
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Mesoamerica - Mexico - Distrito Federal
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Mesoamerica - Mexico - Hidalgo
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Mesoamerica - Mexico - Jalisco
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Mesoamerica - Mexico - Michoacán
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Mesoamerica - Mexico - Morelos
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Mesoamerica - Mexico - México
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Mesoamerica - Mexico - Nuevo León
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Mesoamerica - Mexico - Oaxaca
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Mesoamerica - Mexico - Puebla
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Mesoamerica - Mexico - San Luis Potosí
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Mesoamerica - Mexico - Sonora
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Mesoamerica - Mexico - Tabasco
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Mesoamerica - Mexico - Tamaulipas
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Mesoamerica - Mexico - Veracruz
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Mesoamerica - Mexico - Zacatecas
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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North America - Canada
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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North America - Greenland
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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North America - United States
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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North America - United States - California
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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North America - United States - Michigan
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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North America - United States - North Carolina
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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North America - United States - South Carolina
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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North America - United States - Texas
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Oceania - Australia
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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South America - Argentina
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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South America - Argentina - Buenos Aires
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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South America - Argentina - Chaco
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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South America - Argentina - Córdoba
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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South America - Argentina - Entre Ríos
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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South America - Argentina - La Pampa
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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South America - Argentina - Mendoza
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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South America - Argentina - Neuquén
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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South America - Argentina - Río Negro
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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South America - Argentina - San Luis
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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South America - Argentina - Santa Cruz
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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South America - Argentina - Santa Fe
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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South America - Bolivia
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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South America - Bolivia - Cochabamba
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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South America - Bolivia - La Paz
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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South America - Bolivia - Oruro
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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South America - Brazil
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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South America - Brazil - Santa Catarina
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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South America - Chile
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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South America - Ecuador
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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South America - Ecuador - Bolívar
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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South America - Ecuador - Pichincha
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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South America - Peru
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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South America - Peru - Cusco
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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South America - Peru - Huánuco
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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South America - Uruguay
Missouri Botanical Garden  

Physical Description

 
flower color
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yellow
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
leaf color
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green
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
plant height median
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2.5 ft mature
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
fruit or seed color
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brown
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
growth habit
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graminoid
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
shape
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erect
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
primary growth form
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bunch
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
fruit type
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dry fruit
Chen and Moles, 2015  
 
carbon-to-nitrogen ratio
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medium (23 – 59)
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
foliage texture
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smooth
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
seed volume
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43 mm³
Chen and Moles, 2015  

Ecology

 
frost free days min
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90 days
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
precipitation tolerance min
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12 inch
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
precipitation tolerance max
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100 inch
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
soil depth min
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10 inch
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
low temperature tolerance min
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-43 degrees Fahrenheit
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
habitat
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cultivated habitat
Environments - EOL project  
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desert
Environments - EOL project  
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plateau
Environments - EOL project  
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temperate
Environments - EOL project  
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tropical
Environments - EOL project  
 
habitat includes
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non-marine
IRMNG - Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera.  
 
interacts with
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elevation median
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70.4 m
Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)  
 
elevation mean
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94.9 m
Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)  
 
elevation min
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0 m
Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)  
 
elevation max
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287.9 m
Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)  
 
elevation measurement
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1,423 m
Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History Department of Botany  
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1,600 m
Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History Department of Botany  
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1,970 m
Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History Department of Botany  
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200 m
Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History Department of Botany  
 
fire resistance
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is not fire resistant
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
allelopathic effect
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no known allelopathy
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
soil requirements
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adapted to medium textured soils
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
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not adapted to coarse textured soils
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
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not adapted to fine textured soils
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
anaerobic soil tolerance
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low tolerance
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
drought tolerance
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medium (normal)
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
calcareous soil tolerance
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medium (normal)
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
moisture use
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medium
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
salt tolerance
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high tolerance
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
shade tolerance
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low tolerance
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  

Life History and Behavior

 
life cycle habit
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annual
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
shedability
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deciduous
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
bloom period
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spring
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
active growth period
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autumn, winter and spring
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
growth rate
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fast
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
after harvest regrowth rate
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slow
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
grass growth type
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not a low growing grass
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
resprout ability after clipping
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will not resprout
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
germination requirements
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cold stratification not required
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
fire tolerance
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low tolerance
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
fruit/seed abundance
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high
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
seed period end
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summer
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
seed period begin
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spring
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
fruit/seed persistence
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fruit/seed is not persistent
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
seeds per pound average
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13,600
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
seed spread rate
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slow
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
seedling survival
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high
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
vegetative spread rate
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none
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  

Physiology and Cell Biology

 
soil pH min
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5
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
soil pH max
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8.5
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
nitrogen fixation
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none
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
primary macronutrient requirements
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medium
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  

Conservation

 
extinction status
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extant
IRMNG - Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera.  

Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

 
invasive/noxious listings
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Weeds of the United States and Canada
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
livestock bloat potential
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none
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
horticulture
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flower is not conspicuous
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
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fruit/seed is conspicuous
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
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is not fall conspicuous
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
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not suitable for the coppice method of silviculture
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
foliage porosity winter
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porous
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
foliage porosity summer
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moderately porous
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
human/livestock toxicity
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none
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
hedge tolerance
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none
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
commercial availability
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routinely available
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
plant propagation method
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not propogated by bare root
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
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not propogated by bulbs
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
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not propogated by container
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
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not propogated by corms
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
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not propogated by cuttings
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
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not propogated by sod
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
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not propogated by sprigs
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
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not propogated by tubers
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
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propogated by seed
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
grain type
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is a small grain
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
uses
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berries, nuts, seeds, or fruits palatable to humans
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
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not suitable as berry/nut/seed product
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
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not suitable as Christmas tree product
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
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not suitable as lumber product
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
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not suitable as nursery stock product
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
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not suitable as post product
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
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not suitable as pulpwood product
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
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not suitable as veneer product
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
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not suitable for naval store products
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
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used as fodder product
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
browse animal palatability
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medium
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
graze animal palatability
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high
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
protein potential
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medium
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  

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