Localities documented in Tropicos sources
United States (North America)
Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
- Anonymous. 1986. List-Based Rec., Soil Conserv. Serv., U.S.D.A. Database of the U.S.D.A., Beltsville. http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/1103
- Soreng, R. J., G. Davidse, P. M. Peterson, F. O. Zuloaga, E. J. Judziewicz, T. S. Filgueiras & O. Morrone. 2003 and onwards. On-line taxonomic novelties and updates, distributional additions and corrections, and editorial changes since the four published volumes of the Catalogue of New World Grasses (Poaceae) published in Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. vols. 39, 41, 46, and 48. http://www.tropicos.org/Project/CNWG:. In R. J. Soreng, G. Davidse, P. M. Peterson, F. O. Zuloaga, T. S. Filgueiras, E. J. Judziewicz & O. Morrone Internet Cat. New World Grasses. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis. http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/1024044
- Herrera Arrieta, Y. & A. Cortés Ortiz. 2010. Listado florístico y aspectos ecológicos de la familia Poaceae para Chihuahua, Durango y Zacatecas, México. J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 4(2): 711–738. http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/100002652
- Espejo Serna, A., A. R. López-Ferrari & J. Valdés-Reyna. 2000. Poaceae. Monocot. Mexic. Sinopsis Floríst. 10: 7–236 [and index]. http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/1015183
- Beetle, A. A. 1977. Noteworthy grasses from Mexico V. Phytologia 37(4): 317–407. http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/2538
- Beetle, A. A. 1987. Gram. México 2: 1–344. Secretaria de Agricultura y Recursos Hidraulícos: COTECOCA, México. http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/26011
- Pavlick, L. E. 1995. Bromus N. Amer. 1–160. Royal British Columbia Museum, Victoria. http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/1001506
- Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Man. Vasc. Pl. Texas i–xv, 1–1881. The University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson. http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/1493
- Hickman, J. C. 1993. Jepson Man.: Higher Pl. Calif. i–xvii, 1–1400. University of California Press, Berkeley. http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/40453
- Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck. 1959. Cal. Fl. 1–1681. University of California Press, Berkeley. http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/1717
- Munz, P. A. 1974. Fl. S. Calif. 1–1086. University of California Press, Berkeley. http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/1719
- Pavlick, L. E., A. M. Planchuelo, P. M. Peterson & R. J. Soreng. 2003. Bromus. In Catalogue of New World Grasses (Poaceae): IV. Subfamily Pooideae. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 48: 154–191. http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/1003633
Regularity: Regularly occurring
Regularity: Regularly occurring
Global Range: Kartesz (1999) indicates that this species is native within his geographic scope and occurs in Arizona, California, Nevada, and Texas.
Hickman (1993) and Kearney and Peebles (1960) say that this species is also established in Baja California.
Catalog Number: US 81568
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): C. G. Pringle
Year Collected: 1884
Locality: Santa Cruz Valley, Tucson., Pima, Arizona, United States, North America
- Holotype: Shear, C. L. 1900. U.S.D.A. Div. Agrostol. Bull. 23: 62.
National NatureServe Conservation Status
Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked
Rounded National Status Rank: N3 - Vulnerable
NatureServe Conservation Status
Rounded Global Status Rank: G3 - Vulnerable
Reasons: Kartesz (1999) indicates that this species is native within his geographic scope and occurs in Arizona, California, Nevada, and Texas. It occurs in fifteen counties in California, one southern county in Nevada, and eleven counties in Arizona (Kartesz 2003 draft). Hitchcock (1951) mentions that this plant occurs in western Texas, from Arizona to middle California and Baja California. Hickman (1993), Kartesz (1988) and Kearney and Peebles (1960) also state that this species is established in Baja California.
In California, this species inhabits open places, grasslands, and scrub < 1000 m in California, specifically in San Joaquin Valley, southern South Coast Ranges, South Coast, Channel Islands, and Desert (Hickman 1993). Munz (1959) indicates that this species inhabits dry open places, mostly below 2000 ft. in California from Yolo and Fresno counties to San Diego county, to Arizona, lower California, Santa Barbara Islands. It is specifically found in valley grasslands, foothill woodlands, chaparral, coastal sage scrub, and creosote bush scrub. David L. Magney included this plant in his checklist of Ventura County Rare Plants, which was updated on March 1, 2004. It is probably just locally rare there.
In Arizona, it is "almost throughout the state, at moderate elevations" (Kearney and Peebles 1960). Reported in Mohave, Yavapai, Coconino, and Apache counties, mostly below 5000 feet, but sometimes as high as 9500 feet (Dittmann 2004).
In Nevada, it is rare and known from the Riverside Bridge, south end of the Birgin Mountains, Newberry Mountains, below State Highway 77, Clark County. It inhabits hillsides and sandy washes, roadsides and disturbed areas in the deserts, with Juncus and Tessaria, 2300-5000 ft (Kartesz 1988).
In Texas, it is native and occurs only in the western part of the state, in the Trans-Pecos vegetational area (Hatch et al. 1990). Hitchcock (1951) mentions that it occurs on open, mostly arid slopes and valleys, in western Texas.
Bromus arizonicus is a species of brome grass known by the common name Arizona brome.
It is native to the Southwestern United States, California, and Baja California, where it grows in many types of grassy valley and desert habitat. It is an annual grass growing 40 to 90 centimeters tall with an open, branching inflorescence. The spikelets are flat and hairy and have awns up to 1.5 centimeters long.