The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

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  • 28.  Lyon, L. Jack; Stickney, Peter F. 1976. Early vegetal succession        following large northern Rocky Mountain wildfires. In: Proceedings, Tall        Timbers fire ecology conference and Intermountain Fire Research Council        fire and land management symposium; 1974 October 8-10; Missoula, MT. No.        14. Tallahassee, FL: Tall Timbers Research Station: 355-373.  [1496]
  • 29.  Majerus, Mark E. 1991. Yellowstone National Park-Bridger Plant        Marterials Center native plant program. In: Rangeland Technology        Equipment Council, 1991 annual report. 9222-2808-MTDC. Washington, DC:        U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Technology and        Development Program: 17-22.  [17082]
  • 30.  Mason, Herbert L. 1957. A flora of the marshes of California. Berkeley,        CA: University of California Press. 878 p.  [16905]
  • 31.  May, Morton. 1960. Key to the major grasses of the Big Horn Mountains        based on vegetative characters. Bulletin 371. Laramie, WY: University of        Wyoming, Agricultural Experiment Station. 44 p.  [3236]
  • 32.  Morris, H. E.; Booth, W. E.; Payne, G. F.; Stitt, R. E. 1950. Important        grasses on Montana ranges. Bull. No. 470. Bozeman, MT: Montana        Agricultural Experiment Station. 52 p.  [5520]
  • 33.  Ratliff, Raymond D. 1982. A meadow site classification for the Sierra        Nevada, California. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-60. Berkeley, CA: U.S.        Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Forest and        Range Experiment Station. 16 p.  [1941]
  • 35.  Roland, A. E.; Smith, E. C. 1969. The flora of Nova Scotia. Halifax, NS:        Nova Scotia Museum. 746 p.  [13158]
  • 36.  Ross, Robert L.; Murray, Earl P.; Haigh, June G. 1973. Soil and        vegetation inventory of near-pristine sites in Montana. Bozeman, MT:        U.S. Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service. 55 p.  [2029]
  • 37.  Russell, W. B. 1985. Vascular flora of abandoned coal-mined land, Rocky        Mountain Foothills, Alberta. Canadian Field-Naturalist. 99(4): 503-516.        [10461]
  • 38.  Smith, D. W. 1970. Concentrations of soil nutrients before and after        fire. Canadian Journal of Soil Science. 50: 17-29.  [8534]
  • 39.  Stickney, Peter F. 1985. Data base for early postfire succession on the        Sundance Burn, northern Idaho. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-189. Ogden, UT: U.S.        Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research        Station. 121 p.  [7223]
  • 4.  Brown, Ray W.; Johnston, Robert S. 1979. Revegetation of disturbed        alpine rangelands. In: Johnson, D. A., ed. Special management needs of        alpine ecosystems. Range Science Series No. 5. Denver, CO: Society for        Range Management: 76-94.  [188]
  • 41.  U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. 1937. Range plant        handbook. Washington, DC. 532 p.  [2387]
  • 42.  U.S. Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service. 1982.        National list of scientific plant names. Vol. 1. List of plant names.        SCS-TP-159. Washington, DC. 416 p.  [11573]
  • 43.  Vaartnou, Manivalde. 1988. The potential of native populations of        grasses in northern revegetation. In: Kershaw, Peter, ed. Northern        environmental disturbances. Occas. Publ. No. 24. Edmonton, AB:        University of Alberta, Boreal Institute for Northern Studies: 31-41.        [14418]
  • 44.  Viereck, Leslie A. 1970. Forest succession and soil development adjacent        to the Chena River in interior Alaska. Arctic and Alpine Research. 2(1):        1-26.  [12466]
  • 45.  Viereck, Leslie A. 1982. Effects of fire and firelines on active layer        thickness and soil temperatures in interior Alaska. In: Proceedings, 4th        Canadian permafrost conference; 1981 March 2-6; Calgary, AB. The Roger        J.E. Brown Memorial Volume. Ottawa, ON: National Research Council of        Canada: 123-135.  [7303]
  • 46.  Wambolt, Carl. 1981. Montana range plants: Common and scientific names.        Bulletin 355. Bozeman, MT: Montana State University, Cooperative        Extension Service. 27 p.  [2450]
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  • 48.  Winterhalder, Keith. 1990. The trigger-factor approach to the initiation        of natural regeneration of plant communities on industrially-damaged        lands at Sudbury, Ontario. In: Hughes, H. Glenn; Bonnicksen, Thomas M.,        eds. Restoration '89: the new management challenge: Proceedings, 1st        annual meeting of the Society for Ecological Restoration; 1989 January        16-20; Oakland, CA. Madison, WI: The University of Wisconsin Arboretum,        Society for Ecological Restoration: 215-226.  [14697]
  • 5.  Calmes, Mary A. 1976. Vegetation pattern of bottomland bogs in the        Fairbanks area, Alaska. Fairbanks, AK: University of Alaska. 104 p.        Thesis.  [14785]
  • 6.  Carroll, S. B.; Bliss, L. C. 1982. Jack pine - lichen woodland on sandy        soils in northern Saskatchewan and northeastern Alberta. Canadian        Journal of Botany. 60: 2270-2282.  [7283]
  • 7.  Chrosciewicz, Z. 1983. Jack pine regeneration following postcut burning        and seeding in central Saskatchewan. Information Report NOR-X-253.        Edmonton, AB: Environment Canada, Canadian Forestry Service, Northern        Forest Research Centre. 11 p.  [16916]
  • 8.  Dittberner, Phillip L.; Olson, Michael R. 1983. The plant information        network (PIN) data base: Colorado, Montana, North Dakota, Utah, and        Wyoming. FWS/OBS-83/86. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of the Interior,        Fish and Wildlife Service. 786 p.  [806]
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  • Anonymous. 1986. List-Based Rec., Soil Conserv. Serv., U.S.D.A. Database of the U.S.D.A., Beltsville.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/1103 External link.
  • Beetle, A. A. 1977. Noteworthy grasses from Mexico V. Phytologia 37(4): 317–407.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/2538 External link.
  • Beetle, A. A. 1982. Noteworthy grasses from Mexico X. Phytologia 52: 11–17.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/26496 External link.
  • Beetle, A. A. 1983. Gram. México 1: 1–260. Secretaria de Agricultura y Recursos Hidraulícos: COTECOCA, México.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/26010 External link.
  • Breedlove, D. E. 1986. Flora de Chiapas. Listados Floríst. México 4: i–v, 1–246.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/513 External link.
  • Böcher, T. W. 1978. Greenlands Flora 326 pp.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/44208 External link.
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  • Cronquist, A. J., A. H. Holmgren, N. H. Holmgren & Reveal. 1977. Vascular Plants of the Intermountain West, U.S.A. 6: 1–584. In A. J. Cronquist, A. H. Holmgren, N. H. Holmgren, J. L. Reveal & P. K. Holmgren (eds.) Intermount. Fl. Hafner Pub. Co., New York.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/1725 External link.
  • Davidse, G., M. Sousa Sánchez & A. O. Chater. (eds.) 1994. Alismataceae a Cyperaceae. Fl. Mesoamer. 6: i–xvi, 1–543.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/8200 External link.
  • Espejo Serna, A., A. R. López-Ferrari & J. Valdés-Reyna. 2000. Poaceae. Monocot. Mexic. Sinopsis Floríst. 10: 7–236 [and index].   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/1015183 External link.
  • Fernald, M. 1950. Manual (ed. 8) i–lxiv, 1–1632. American Book Co., New York.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/1327 External link.
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  • Gould, F. W. & R. Moran. 1981. The grasses of Baja California, Mexico. Mem. San Diego Soc. Nat. Hist. 12: 1–140.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/11232 External link.
  • Govaerts R. (ed). For a full list of reviewers see: http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/compilersReviewers.do (2013). WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (version Oct 2011). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
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  • Herrera Arrieta, Y. & A. Cortés Ortiz. 2010. Listado florístico y aspectos ecológicos de la familia Poaceae para Chihuahua, Durango y Zacatecas, México. J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 4(2): 711–738.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/100002652 External link.
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  • Isotype fragment: Buckley, S. B. 1862. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia. 14: 90.; Type fragment: Gray, A. 1862. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia. 14: 334.
  • Isotype: Fernald, M. L. 1933. Rhodora. 35: 209.
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  • Type fragment: Muhlenberg, H. L. 1817. Descript. Gram. 60.
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