The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • 1.  Anderson, Howard G.; Bailey, Arthur W. 1980. Effects of annual burning        on grassland in the aspen parkland of east-central Alberta. Canadian        Journal of Botany. 58: 985-996.  [3499]
  • 10.  Fernald, Merritt Lyndon. 1950. Gray's manual of botany. [Corrections        supplied by R. C. Rollins]
  • 11.  Fyles, James W. 1989. Seed bank populations in upland coniferous forests        in central Alberta. Canadian Journal of Botany. 67: 274-278.  [6388]
  • 13.  Great Plains Flora Association. 1986. Flora of the Great Plains.        Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas. 1392 p.  [1603]
  • 14.  Halpern, Charles B. 1986. Montane meadow plant associations of Sequoia        National Park, California. Madrono. 33(1): 1-23.  [1067]
  • 15.  Hardy BBT Limited. 1989. Manual of plant species suitability for        reclamation in Alberta. 2d ed. Report No. RRTAC 89-4. Edmonton, AB:        Alberta Land Conservation and Reclamation Council. 436 p.  [15460]
  • 16.  Hitchcock, A. S. 1951. Manual of the grasses of the United States. Misc.        Publ. No. 200. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture,        Agricultural Research Administration. 1051 p. [2nd edition revised by        Agnes Chase in two volumes. New York: Dover Publications, Inc.]
  • 17.  Hitchcock, C. Leo; Cronquist, Arthur. 1973. Flora of the Pacific        Northwest. Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press. 730 p.  [1168]
  • 18.  Hulten, Eric. 1968. Flora of Alaska and neighboring territories.        Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press. 1008 p.  [13403]
  • 19.  James, G. I.; Courtin, G. M. 1985. Stand structure and growth form of        the birch transition community in an industrially damaged ecosystem,        Sudbury, Ontario. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 15(5): 809-817.        [12630]
  • 2.  Anderson, J. P. 1959. Flora of Alaska and adjacent parts of Canada.        Ames, IA: Iowa State University Press. 543 p.  [9928]
  • 20.  Johnson, E. A. 1975. Buried seed populations in the subarctic forest        east of Great Slave Lake, Northwest Territories. Canadian Journal of        Botany. 53: 2933-2941.  [6466]
  • 21.  Kartesz, John T.; Kartesz, Rosemarie. 1980. A synonymized checklist of        the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. Volume        II: The biota of North America. Chapel Hill, NC: The University of North        Carolina Press; in confederation with Anne H. Lindsey and C. Richie        Bell, North Carolina Botanical Garden. 500 p.  [6954]
  • 22.  Klinka, K.; Scagel, A. M.; Courtin, P. J. 1985. Vegetation relationships        among some seral ecosystems in southwestern British Columbia. Canadian        Journal of Forestry. 15: 561-569.  [5985]
  • 23.  Kuchler, A. W. 1964. Manual to accompany the map of potential vegetation        of the conterminous United States. Special Publication No. 36. New York:        American Geographical Society. 77 p.  [1384]
  • 24.  Lackschewitz, Klaus. 1991. Vascular plants of west-central        Montana--identification guidebook. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-227. Ogden, UT:        U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research        Station. 648 p.  [13798]
  • 25.  LeResche, R. E.; Bishop, R. H.; Coady, J. W. 1974. Distribution and        habitats of moose in Alaska. Le Naturaliste Canadien. 101: 143-178.        [15190]
  • 26.  LeResche, Robert E.; Davis, James L. 1973. Importance of nonbrowse foods        to moose on the Kenai Peninsula, Alaska. Journal of Wildlife Management.        37(3): 279-287.  [13123]
  • 27.  Lutz, H. J. 1956. Ecological effects of forest fires in the interior of        Alaska. Tech. Bull. No. 1133. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of        Agriculture, Forest Service. 121 p.  [7653]
  • 28.  Lyon, L. Jack; Stickney, Peter F. 1976. Early vegetal succession        following large northern Rocky Mountain wildfires. In: Proceedings, Tall        Timbers fire ecology conference and Intermountain Fire Research Council        fire and land management symposium; 1974 October 8-10; Missoula, MT. No.        14. Tallahassee, FL: Tall Timbers Research Station: 355-373.  [1496]
  • 29.  Majerus, Mark E. 1991. Yellowstone National Park-Bridger Plant        Marterials Center native plant program. In: Rangeland Technology        Equipment Council, 1991 annual report. 9222-2808-MTDC. Washington, DC:        U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Technology and        Development Program: 17-22.  [17082]
  • 30.  Mason, Herbert L. 1957. A flora of the marshes of California. Berkeley,        CA: University of California Press. 878 p.  [16905]
  • 31.  May, Morton. 1960. Key to the major grasses of the Big Horn Mountains        based on vegetative characters. Bulletin 371. Laramie, WY: University of        Wyoming, Agricultural Experiment Station. 44 p.  [3236]
  • 32.  Morris, H. E.; Booth, W. E.; Payne, G. F.; Stitt, R. E. 1950. Important        grasses on Montana ranges. Bull. No. 470. Bozeman, MT: Montana        Agricultural Experiment Station. 52 p.  [5520]
  • 33.  Ratliff, Raymond D. 1982. A meadow site classification for the Sierra        Nevada, California. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-60. Berkeley, CA: U.S.        Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Forest and        Range Experiment Station. 16 p.  [1941]
  • 35.  Roland, A. E.; Smith, E. C. 1969. The flora of Nova Scotia. Halifax, NS:        Nova Scotia Museum. 746 p.  [13158]
  • 36.  Ross, Robert L.; Murray, Earl P.; Haigh, June G. 1973. Soil and        vegetation inventory of near-pristine sites in Montana. Bozeman, MT:        U.S. Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service. 55 p.  [2029]
  • 37.  Russell, W. B. 1985. Vascular flora of abandoned coal-mined land, Rocky        Mountain Foothills, Alberta. Canadian Field-Naturalist. 99(4): 503-516.        [10461]
  • 38.  Smith, D. W. 1970. Concentrations of soil nutrients before and after        fire. Canadian Journal of Soil Science. 50: 17-29.  [8534]
  • 39.  Stickney, Peter F. 1985. Data base for early postfire succession on the        Sundance Burn, northern Idaho. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-189. Ogden, UT: U.S.        Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research        Station. 121 p.  [7223]
  • 4.  Brown, Ray W.; Johnston, Robert S. 1979. Revegetation of disturbed        alpine rangelands. In: Johnson, D. A., ed. Special management needs of        alpine ecosystems. Range Science Series No. 5. Denver, CO: Society for        Range Management: 76-94.  [188]
  • 41.  U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. 1937. Range plant        handbook. Washington, DC. 532 p.  [2387]
  • 42.  U.S. Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service. 1982.        National list of scientific plant names. Vol. 1. List of plant names.        SCS-TP-159. Washington, DC. 416 p.  [11573]
  • 43.  Vaartnou, Manivalde. 1988. The potential of native populations of        grasses in northern revegetation. In: Kershaw, Peter, ed. Northern        environmental disturbances. Occas. Publ. No. 24. Edmonton, AB:        University of Alberta, Boreal Institute for Northern Studies: 31-41.        [14418]
  • 44.  Viereck, Leslie A. 1970. Forest succession and soil development adjacent        to the Chena River in interior Alaska. Arctic and Alpine Research. 2(1):        1-26.  [12466]
  • 45.  Viereck, Leslie A. 1982. Effects of fire and firelines on active layer        thickness and soil temperatures in interior Alaska. In: Proceedings, 4th        Canadian permafrost conference; 1981 March 2-6; Calgary, AB. The Roger        J.E. Brown Memorial Volume. Ottawa, ON: National Research Council of        Canada: 123-135.  [7303]
  • 46.  Wambolt, Carl. 1981. Montana range plants: Common and scientific names.        Bulletin 355. Bozeman, MT: Montana State University, Cooperative        Extension Service. 27 p.  [2450]
  • 47.  Welsh, Stanley L.; Atwood, N. Duane; Goodrich, Sherel; Higgins, Larry        C., eds. 1987. A Utah flora. Great Basin Naturalist Memoir No. 9. Provo,        UT: Brigham Young University. 894 p.  [2944]
  • 48.  Winterhalder, Keith. 1990. The trigger-factor approach to the initiation        of natural regeneration of plant communities on industrially-damaged        lands at Sudbury, Ontario. In: Hughes, H. Glenn; Bonnicksen, Thomas M.,        eds. Restoration '89: the new management challenge: Proceedings, 1st        annual meeting of the Society for Ecological Restoration; 1989 January        16-20; Oakland, CA. Madison, WI: The University of Wisconsin Arboretum,        Society for Ecological Restoration: 215-226.  [14697]
  • 5.  Calmes, Mary A. 1976. Vegetation pattern of bottomland bogs in the        Fairbanks area, Alaska. Fairbanks, AK: University of Alaska. 104 p.        Thesis.  [14785]
  • 6.  Carroll, S. B.; Bliss, L. C. 1982. Jack pine - lichen woodland on sandy        soils in northern Saskatchewan and northeastern Alberta. Canadian        Journal of Botany. 60: 2270-2282.  [7283]
  • 7.  Chrosciewicz, Z. 1983. Jack pine regeneration following postcut burning        and seeding in central Saskatchewan. Information Report NOR-X-253.        Edmonton, AB: Environment Canada, Canadian Forestry Service, Northern        Forest Research Centre. 11 p.  [16916]
  • 8.  Dittberner, Phillip L.; Olson, Michael R. 1983. The plant information        network (PIN) data base: Colorado, Montana, North Dakota, Utah, and        Wyoming. FWS/OBS-83/86. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of the Interior,        Fish and Wildlife Service. 786 p.  [806]
  • American Midland Naturalist 7(4–5): 126. 1921. (Amer. Midl. Naturalist)
  • Botaničnyj Žurnal 69(2): 252. 1984. (Bot. Žurn. (Kiev))
  • De Graminibus Unifloris et Sesquifloris 207. 1824. (Gram. Unifl. Sesquifl.)
  • Enumeratio Plantarum Omnium Hucusque Cognitarum 1: 222. 1833. (Enum. Pl.)
  • Fernald, M. 1950. Manual (ed. 8) i–lxiv, 1–1632. American Book Co., New York.
  • Flora Americae Septentrionalis; or, . . . 1: 61. 1814[1813]. (Fl. Amer. Sept.)
  • Govaerts R. (ed). For a full list of reviewers see: http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/compilersReviewers.do (2013). WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (version Oct 2011). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Hultén, E. 1968. Fl. Alaska i–xxi, 1–1008. Stanford University Press, Stanford.
  • Isotype fragment: Buckley, S. B. 1862. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia. 14: 90.; Type fragment: Gray, A. 1862. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia. 14: 334.
  • Isotype: Fernald, M. L. 1933. Rhodora. 35: 209.
  • Marticorena C & R Rodríguez . 1995-2005. Flora de Chile. Vols 1, 2(1-3). Ed. Universidad de Concepción, Concepción. 351 pp., 99 pp., 93 pp., 128 pp. Matthei O. 1995. Manual de las malezas que crecen en Chile. Alfabeta Impresores. 545 p.
  • Mémoires de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences de Saint-Pétersbourg. Sixième Série. Sciences Mathématiques, Physiques et Naturelles. Seconde Partie: Sciences Naturelles 6,4(3–4): 326. 1841. (Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg, Sér. 6, Sci. Math., Seconde Pt. Sci. Nat.)
  • Phytologia 4(1): 21. 1952. (Phytologia)
  • Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae 172. 1810. (Prodr.)
  • Rhodora 35(414): 211–212. 1933. (Rhodora)
  • Transactions of the American Philosophical Society 4: 236. 1799. (Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc.)
  • Type fragment: Muhlenberg, H. L. 1817. Descript. Gram. 60.
  • U.S. Department of Agriculture Bureau of Plant Industry Bulletin 68: 44, t. 28, f. 1. 1905. (U.S.D.A. Bur. Pl. Industr. Bull.)
  • Willd. 1797. In: Sp. Pl. 1: 370

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